Enrique de Guzmán, 2nd Duke of Medina Sidonia

"Enrique Pérez de Guzmán" redirects here. For the earlier count of Niebla, see Enrique Pérez de Guzmán, 2nd Count of Niebla.

Don Enrique Pérez de Guzmán y Fonseca, 2nd Duke of Medina Sidonia (d.1492), became the 2nd Duke in 1468. Born out of wedlock his birth was later legitimized by the "Reyes Católicos" Ferdinand and Isabella, and consequently the right to inherit the title. He participated in the Conquest of the Emirate of Granada, and was granted in 1478 the title of Marquis of Gibraltar. In those days, he was considered the wealthiest man in Spain.[1]

Spanish nobility
Preceded by
Juan Alonso de Guzmán
Duke of Medina Sidonia
Succeeded by
Juan Alfonso Pérez de Guzmán


  1. de Madariaga, Salvador (1952). La vida del muy magnífico señor Don Cristóbal Colón (in Spanish) (5th ed.). Mexico: Editorial Hermes. p. 200. Don Enrique Guzmán [...] era por lo tanto el hombre más rico de España
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