English general election, December 1701
The elections held in the November and December 1701 produced substantial gains for the Whigs, who enthusiastically supported the war with France. The Tories had been criticised in the press for their ambivalence towards the war, and public opinion had turned against them; they consequently lost ground as a result of the election. Ninety-one constituencies, 34% of the total in England and Wales, were contested.
Summary of the Constituencies
See British general election, 1796 for details. The constituencies used in England and Wales were the same throughout the period. In 1707 alone the 45 Scottish members were not elected from the constituencies, but were returned by co-option of a part of the membership of the last Parliament of Scotland elected before the Union.
Party strengths are an approximation, with many MPs' allegiances being unknown.
- Cruickshanks, Eveline; Handley, Stuart; Hayton, David, eds. (2002). The House of Commons, 1690-1715. The History of Parliament. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.