Energy in Monaco

Energy in Monaco describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Monaco. Energy policy of Monaco describes the politics of Monaco related to energy. Electricity sector in Monaco is the main article of electricity in Monaco.


IEA Key statistics do not list Monaco. List of countries by carbon dioxide emissions include emissions from Monaco in France.


Monaco depends on France for its electricity.[1]

Kyoto Protocol

In December 2007 Monaco had underlined but not ratified the Kyoto Protocol.[2] In 2008 Monaco was - 4% from its Kyoto Protocol emission targets.[3]

According to the National greenhouse gas inventory data for the period 1990–2006 UNFCCC 17 November 2008 page 16 the emissions change from 1990 to 2006 in Monaco was -13.1 % as following (Gg CO2 equivalent):

Monaco declaration

The ocean scientists expressed their concern in Monaco 30.1.2009 about the global warming consequences in the seas. 150 leading scientists appealed to the decision makers in ”the Monaco declaration” to restrict the CO2 emissions. Today’s emissions could have dramatic consequences in the stocks of fish in a few decades, which would influence significantly both in the ocean biodiversity and also millions of peoples food supply.[4]

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Energy in Monaco.


  2. Australia ratifioi Kioton sopimuksen 3.12.2007 YLE (Finnish)
  3. Suomen kasvihuonekaasupäästöt 1990–2008, 3. korjattu painos Statistics Finland Katsauksia 2010/1, Ympäristö ja luonnonvarat page 47(Finnish)
  4. Tutkijoiden hätähuuto: Ilmastonmuutos happamoittaa meret YLE 31.01.2009 (Finnish)
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