Emilian dialect

Native to Italy
Region Emilia-Romagna, Lombardy, Tuscany, Liguria
Ethnicity 3.3 million (2008)[1]
Native speakers
ca. 1.3 million (2006)[2]
Dialects Bolognese, Ferrarese, Modenese, Reggiano, Parmigiano, Piacentino
Language codes
ISO 639-3 egl
Glottolog emil1241[3]
Linguasphere 51-AAA-oka ... -okh

Emilian is a group of dialects of the Emilian-Romagnol language spoken in the area historically called Emilia, the western portion of today's Emilia-Romagna region in Italy.

There is no standardised version of Emilian.

The default word order is subject–verb–object. There are two genders as well as a distinction between plural and singular. Emilian has a strong T–V distinction to distinguish varying levels of politeness, social distance, courtesy, familiarity or insult. Its alphabet uses a considerable number of diacritics.


Emilian is a dialect of the Emilian-Romagnol language, one of the Gallo-Italic languages. There is a high degree of mutual intelligibility between the various varieties of Emilian and the other dialect, Romagnol. The Gallo-Italic family has Emilian-Romagnol, Piedmontese, Ligurian and Lombard.


Linguasphere Observatory recognises the following dialects:[4]

Other definitions include the following:

Writing system

Main article: Latin script

Emilian is written using a Latin script that has never been standardised. As a result, spelling varies widely across the dialects. The dialects are largely oral and are rarely written; however, the Bible was published in Emilian-Romagnol in 1865; the work has since been lost.[5]


  1. ISO change request
  2. La lingua italiana, i dialetti e le lingue straniere Anno 2006
  3. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Emiliano". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. "51-AAA-ok. emiliano + romagnolo". Linguasphere.
  5. "Emiliano-Romagnolo [eml]". forum-intl.net.


Further reading

External links

Emilian dialect test of Wiktionary at Wikimedia Incubator
For a list of words relating to Emilian dialect, see the Emilian language category of words in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
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