Elections in Fiji

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

Fiji has held ten general elections for the House of Representatives since becoming independent of the United Kingdom in 1970; there had been numerous elections under colonial rule, but only one with universal suffrage (in 1966). In this period, Fiji has had three constitutions, and the voting system has changed accordingly. Note that there are no general elections for the Senate: The 32 Senators are nominated, not elected.

Suffrage and representation

The Legislative Council elected in 1963 had 37 members. There were 12 elected members, four from each of the Fijian, Indian and European groups chosen on a communal franchise. The Governor also nominated two from each of the communities. There were to be 19 official members. The Legislative Councillors of each race were permitted to select two from their fellows to the Executive Council. Qualifications to register as a voter were as follows:

  1. British subject
  2. Age of twenty-one years or over
  3. Resident in the colony for a period of, or periods amounting in the aggregate of, not less than twelve months out of the preceding three years.
  4. Ability to read and write a simple sentence and sign one’s name in the English language in the case of a European, in either English or Fijian in the case of a Fijian, and for an Indian either in English, Hindi, Urdu, Tamil, Telugu, Gurmukhi, Gujarati or Malayalam. "European" and "Indian" were defined as a person whose father or any of whose male progenitors in the male line was a European or Indian, respectively, while a "Fijian" was defined as "a person whose father or any of whose progenitors in the male line ... was an aboriginal native of the colony, excluding the island of Rotuma and its dependencies."

These definitions firstly disallowed an illiterate adult to vote, secondly permitted some people to choose between ethnic rolls and thirdly made no provision for Rotumans, Pacific Islanders, Chinese and Part-Chinese to vote.

The Legislative Council elected in 1966 had 36 members. 25 seats represented Communal constituencies (9 indigenous Fijians, 9 Indians, and 7 General Electors (Europeans, Chinese, and other minorities), elected on closed electoral rolls by voters registered as members of their respective ethnic groups. A further 9 members were elected from National constituencies - seats allocated ethnically (3 for each ethnic constituency) but elected by universal suffrage. The remaining 2 members were nominated by the Great Council of Chiefs.

Latest elections

Past elections

Note: The following statistics show the number of seats in the House of Representatives won by particular political parties in general elections since 1966. The Year at the top of each column links to a main article about the election held that year.

All Nationals Congress Party------11---
Christian Democratic Alliance--------30-
Conservative Alliance---------6-
Alliance Party273324362824-----
Fijian Association Party-------5110-
Fijian Nationalist Party--1---2----
Soqosoqo ni Vakavulewa ni Taukei------3633800
Fiji Labour Party------137372731
General Voters Party------44---
National Federation Party919261522-1420010
NFP/FLP coalition-----28-----
Nationalist Vanua Tako Lavo Party--------100
New Labour Unity Party---------2-
Party of National Unity--------400
United General Party--------212
Western United Front----2------
Soqosoqo Duavata ni Lewenivanua---------3236

See also

External links


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