Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Poland

Eleanor of Austria
Queen consort of Poland
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania
Tenure 27 February 1670 – 10 November 1673
Coronation 29 September 1670
Duchess consort of Lorraine
Tenure 6 February 1678 – 18 April 1690
Born (1653-05-21)21 May 1653
Died 17 December 1697(1697-12-17) (aged 44)
Vienna, Austria
Burial Imperial Crypt
Spouse Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki
(m. 1670–1673); his death
Charles V, Duke of Lorraine
(m. 1678–1690); his death
Issue Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
Charles Joseph, Bishop of Olomouc
Full name
Eleonor Maria Josefa
House Habsburg
Father Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Princess Eleanor Gonzaga

Eleanor Maria Josefa of Austria (Polish: Eleonora; 21 May 1653 17 December 1697) was, by her two marriages, Queen of Poland and Duchess of Lorraine.

Born in Regensburg, she was the daughter of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor, and Eleanor of Mantua.


Eleanor married Michael Korybut Wiśniowiecki (known as Michael I), King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, on 27 February 1670 in the Jasna Góra Monastery. They had one stillborn son on 29 November 1670. In 1671, she had a miscarriage. The opposition of Michael spread rumours that Michael forced her to fake pregnancies, but this is not considered likely. Queen Eleanor was regarded as a model of goodness, softness and loyalty toward her spouse. She learned Polish, although she preferred Latin, and accompanied Michael on his official journeys around Poland.

Her husband died in 1673. She remained in Poland for a couple of years after his death.

Eleanor then married Charles V, Duke of Lorraine, on 6 February 1678 in Wiener Neustadt, Austria. The couple resided in Innsbrück in Austria. They were the parents of 6 children. She passed to her heirs the inheritance of the Gonzaga of Mantua.

Eleanor died at the age of 44, having outlived both of her husbands and 2 of her children.

Sarcophagus of Eleanor of Austria, Kapuzinergruft, Vienna, Austria


Charles II of Austria
Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
Maria Anna of Bavaria
Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
William V, Duke of Bavaria
Maria Anna of Bavaria
Renata of Lorraine
Eleanor of Austria
Charles I, Duke of Mantua
Charles II Gonzaga
Catherine of Mayenne
Eleanor Gonzaga
Francesco IV Gonzaga
Maria Gonzaga
Margaret of Savoy

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eleonora Wisniowiecka.
Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Poland
Born: 31 May 1653 Died: 17 Dec 1697
Royal titles
Title last held by
Marie Louise Gonzaga
Queen consort of Poland
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania

Title next held by
Marie Casimire Louise de La Grange d'Arquien
Title last held by
Marie Louise d'Aspremont
Duchess consort of Lorraine
Title next held by
Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans
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