Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle

This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Frei and the second or maternal family name is Ruiz-Tagle.
Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle
33rd President of Chile
In office
March 11, 1994  March 11, 2000
Preceded by Patricio Aylwin
Succeeded by Ricardo Lagos
Senator for the Los Rios Region
In office
March 11, 2006  March 11, 2014
Preceded by Gabriel Valdés Subercaseaux
Succeeded by Alfonso de Urresti Longton
Senator for life of Chile
In office
March 11, 2000  March 11, 2006
Senator for the Metropolitan Region
In office
March 11, 1990  March 11, 1994
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by María Elena Carrera
President of the Senate of Chile
In office
March 11, 2006  March 11, 2008
Preceded by Sergio Romero Pizzaro
Succeeded by Adolfo Zaldívar
Personal details
Born Eduardo Alfredo Juan Bernardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle
(1942-06-24) June 24, 1942
Santiago, Chile
Nationality Chilean, Swiss
Political party Christian Democratic
Spouse(s) Marta Larraechea Bolívar
Children Verónica
Alma mater University of Chile
Occupation Civil Engineer
Religion Roman Catholicism

Eduardo Alfredo Juan Bernardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle (Spanish pronunciation: [eˈðwaɾðo alˈfɾeðo ˈxwan βerˈnarðo ˈfɾej ˈrwis ˈtaɣle]; born June 24, 1942) is a Chilean politician and civil engineer who was President of Chile from 1994 to 2000. He is currently Senator for Los Ríos and was President of the Senate from 2006 to 2008. He attempted a comeback as the candidate of the ruling Concertación coalition for the 2009 presidential election, but was narrowly defeated. His father was Eduardo Frei Montalva who was President of Chile from 1964 to 1970.


Frei was born in Santiago to Eduardo Frei Montalva and María Ruiz-Tagle Jiménez. He received all his schooling at the Luis Campino Institute. He then attended the University of Chile, where he graduated as a Civil Engineer, specializing in hydraulics. After graduation, he followed advanced courses in management in Italy.

Frei, whose grandfather Eduardo Frei Schlinz emigrated to Chile from Switzerland, obtained Swiss citizenship in February 2009.[1][2][3][4][5]

Political career

Frei took his first steps in politics while at the university, where he was a student leader. In 1958, he joined the Christian Democrat party, and in 1964 participated actively in his father's successful presidential campaign. Between 1969 and 1988 he concentrated on his profession, as one of the partners of Sigdo Koppers S.A., the largest engineering company in Chile.

In 1988 Frei founded and promoted the Comité Pro Elecciones Libres ("Committee for the promotion of free elections"). In 1989 he was elected Senator for Santiago, obtaining the highest amount of votes in the whole country. In the Senate, he presided over the Treasury and Budget commission, and was a member of the Housing commission.

In 1992 Frei participated in the primary presidential elections of his coalition, where he defeated Ricardo Lagos, and then went on to win the presidential elections in 1993. He took office on March 11, 1994 and was succeeded by Lagos in 2000. Frei’s presidency was notable in making improvements in health and education, together with reducing poverty.[6] Following the end of his presidency, Frei assumed, as a former President, a seat as senator-for-life in Congress. Given that Constitutional reforms in 2005 abolished life senators starting in 2006, Frei ran for an elected Senate seat in the December 2005 parliamentary elections and was victorious. He was elected in the electoral district of Valdivia Province and Osorno Province together with Andrés Allamand. On March 11, 2006 Frei became President of the Senate, like his father, who was also President of the Senate after being President of the Republic.

In 2009-2010 elections, Frei ran for the presidency of Chile for a second time, again as the candidate of the centre-left Concertación center-coalition, promising continuity of the popular outgoing President Michelle Bachelet's path.[7] Some of his presidential campaign banners and billboards pictured him accompanied by Michelle Bachelet over his left shoulder. In the first round of the elections, held on December 13, 2009, Frei held 29.60% of the official vote, second to his opponent Sebastián Piñera, who led with 44.05%. Since neither candidate received more than half of the total votes, a run-off election was held on Sunday, January 17, 2010. The first preliminary results announced by the Deputy Interior Ministry at 21:00 GMT on election day gave Piñera 51.87% and Frei holding 48.12%. Frei conceded[8] to Piñera at 21:44 GMT.

In a graceful exit from the campaign, former President Eduardo Frei stated,

"The election is over and Chileans have shown civic maturity... The results clearly show the solidity of our democracy. It has been clean and transparent in line with our tradition. I want to congratulate Pinera, to whom most Chileans have given their trust for the next four years." [9]

Honours and awards

Foreign honours


  1. "Swiss citizenship for Chile's Frei criticised". swissinfo. 14 January 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
  2. "Wird ein Schweizer Präsident von Chile?". Berner Zeitung (in German). 9 January 2010. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
  3. "¿Un suizo, el próximo Presidente de Chile?". Swissinfo (in Spanish). 12 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
  4. "Schweizer Pass für Eduardo Frei". Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in German). 12 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
  5. "El candidado chileno Frei tiene desde hace dos meses la nacionalidad suiza" (in Spanish). Agence France-Presse. 9 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
  7. "PREVIEW-Chile right seen ousting left in first since Pinochet". Reuters. 2009-12-09.
  8. Gardner, Simon (2010-01-17). "Chile's Frei concedes defeat to Pinera in vote". Reuters.
  9. China Daily Billionaire Sebastian Pinera wins Chile presidency
  10. "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang, dan Pingat Persekutuan.".
  11. Club de Madrid is an independent non-profit organization created to promote “Democracy that Delivers”. It is composed of more than 100 Members, all democratic former presidents and prime ministers from around the world.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle.
Political offices
Preceded by
Patricio Aylwin
President of Chile
Succeeded by
Ricardo Lagos
Preceded by
Sergio Romero
President of the Senate of Chile
Succeeded by
Adolfo Zaldívar
Party political offices
Preceded by
Andrés Zaldívar
Christian Democrat Party President
Succeeded by
Gutenberg Martínez
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