Edmund B. Gregory

Edmund Bristol Gregory

Lieutenant General Edmund Bristol Gregory
31stQuartermaster General of the United States Army
Born July 4, 1882 (1882-07-04)
Storm Lake, Iowa
Died January 26, 1961 (1961-01-27) (aged 78)
Walter Reed Army Medical Center
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1904–1946
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held Quartermaster Corps
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Distinguished Service Medal

Edmund Bristol Gregory was a Lieutenant General in the United States Army.

Early life and education

Gregory was born at Storm Lake, Iowa, on July 4, 1882.

He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1904, and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the infantry.

Military career

Gregory served with the 14th Infantry Regiment in the Philippines from 1904 to 1905. From 1905 to 1908 he was assigned to Vancouver Barracks, Washington.

He was again assigned to duty in the Philippines, serving from 1908 to 1910, when he was transferred to Fort William Henry Harrison, Montana, where he remained until 1911.

From 1911 to 1912 he was Professor of History and English at West Point. He then went to the Philippines for the third time, serving there until 1916.

Gregory served at the General Supply Depot in Jeffersonville, Indiana from 1917 to 1921 and transferred from the infantry to Quartermaster in 1920. From 1921 to 1922 he was assistant supply officer at Atlanta, Georgia's General Intermediate Depot.

He served in Shanghai, China from 1922 to 1924 and was an advisor to the New York National Guard from 1924 to 1927. Gregory was then assigned to the Office of the Quartermaster General in Washington, D.C. where he served from 1928 to 1933, and he received a master's of business administration degree from Harvard University in 1929.

From 1933 to 1936 Gregory was assigned to Headquarters, II Corps and he graduated from the Army War College in 1937.

Gregory served again in the Office of Quartermaster General beginning in 1937, and in 1940 he was appointed as the Army's Quartermaster General, advancing from Colonel directly to Major General. In 1945 he was promoted to Lieutenant General, the first Quartermaster Officer to attain this rank. As Quartermaster General during World War II, he oversaw the development, procurement and distribution of billions of dollars worth of equipment and supplies. Gregory also supervised the training of thousands of quartermaster soldiers. In addition, he had responsibility for over 900,000 civilian personnel employed by contractors to produce supplies, equipment, ammunition and vehicles for the war effort.

Quartermaster General Maj Gen Gregory discusses Army nurses' clothing with Lt. Alice Montgomery, Lt. Josephine Etz, and Lt. Leophile Bouchard, of Walter Reed Hospital. The Quartermaster General is responsible for supplying all branches of the Army.

After the war he was assigned as Chairman of the War Assets Corporation, responsible for disposing of the surplus of wartime bases, supplies and equipment, where he served until his 1946 retirement.

Death and legacy

General Gregory died at Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington, D.C. on January 26, 1961 and was buried in Section 2, Lot E 134-2 at Arlington National Cemetery.

His commendations and decorations included two awards of the Distinguished Service Medal, Philippine Campaign Medal, Mexican Border Service Medal, World War I Victory Medal, American Defense Service Medal, American Campaign Medal, European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal, World War II Victory Medal .

General Gregory was one of the first inductees of the Quartermaster Hall of Fame during the hall's 1986 charter year.


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