Eaton Corporation

This article is about the industrial manufacturer. For other uses, see Eaton (disambiguation).
Not to be confused with Eton Corporation.
Eaton Corporation plc
Public company
Traded as NYSE: ETN
S&P 500 Component
Industry Conglomerate
Founded 1911
Founder Joseph Oriel Eaton II
Viggo Torbensen
Headquarters Corporate Headquarters -
Eaton House
30 Pembroke Road
Dublin 4
Ireland [1]
Area served
Key people
Craig Arnold (Chairman, President & CEO)
Revenue Decrease US$20.86 billion (2015)
Increase US$2.01 billion (2015)
Increase US$1.98 billion (2015)
Total assets Decrease US$31.03 billion (2015)
Total equity Decrease US$15.19 billion (2015)
Number of employees
Divisions Electrical Sector
Industrial Sector
- Aerospace
- Hydraulics
- Filtration
- Vehicle

Eaton Corporation Plc is a multinational power management company with 2015 sales of $20.9 billion, founded in the United States[2] with corporate headquarters [3] in Dublin, Ireland. Eaton has approximately 97,000 employees and sells products to customers in more than 175 countries.[4]


In 1911, Joseph O. Eaton, brother-in-law Henning O. Taube and Viggo V. Torbensen, incorporated the Torbensen Gear and Axle Co. in Bloomfield, New Jersey. With financial backing from Torbensen's mother, the company was set to manufacture Torbensen's patented internal-gear truck axle. In 1914, the company moved to Cleveland, Ohio, to be closer to its core business, the automotive industry.

The Torbensen Axle Company was incorporated in Ohio in 1916, succeeding the New Jersey corporation. A year later, Republic Motor Truck Company, Torbensen's largest customer bought out the company. But Eaton and Torbensen were not content and bowed out of Republic to form the Eaton Axle Company in 1919. A year later, in 1920, Eaton Axle Company merged with Standard Parts. Standard Parts went in receivership later the same year and was later liquidated. In 1923, Eaton bought the Torbensen Axle Co. back from Republic and changed the name to the Eaton Axle and Spring Company.

Eaton officers believed the quickest way to grow the business was through acquisitions and began buying companies in the automotive industry. By 1932, the diversified company changed its name to Eaton Manufacturing Company. In 1937, Eaton became international by opening a manufacturing plant in Canada. In 1958 Eaton Corporation acquired Fuller Manufacturing. The company name changed once again in 1965 to Eaton Yale & Towne Inc. after the acquisition of Yale & Towne Manufacturing Co. in 1963. Stockholders approved the change to the company's current name in 1971. In 1978, Eaton Corporation acquired Samuel Moore & Company, Kenway Systems, and Cutler-Hammer.

Current work

Eaton's business comprises two sectors: Electrical and Industrial:

Electrical sector

Electrical Americas & Electrical Rest of World Segments

The Electrical Sector is a global leader in power distribution, power quality, industrial automation and power control products and services. Products include circuit breakers, switchgear, UPS systems, power distribution units, panelboards, loadcenters, motor controls, meters, sensors, relays and inverters. The principal markets for the Electrical Americas and Electrical Rest of World segments are industrial, institutional, government, utility, commercial, residential, information technology and original equipment manufacturer customers.

Industrial sector

Hydraulics group

Eaton is a manufacturer of systems and components for use in mobile and industrial applications. Markets include agriculture, construction, mining, forestry, utility, material handling, machine tools, molding, power generation, primary metals, and oil and gas. The Hydraulics group also includes Eaton's Filtration, Golf Grip and Airflex industrial clutch and brake businesses.

Aerospace group

In California's aerospace industry, the Eaton Corporation manufactures and markets a line of systems and components for hydraulic, fuel, motion control, pneumatic systems and engine solutions.

Vehicle group

The Vehicle Group comprises the company's truck and automotive segments.

The truck segment is involved in the design, manufacture and marketing of powertrain systems and other components for commercial vehicle markets. Key products include manual and automated transmissions, clutches and hybrid power.

Eaton’s automotive segment produces products such as superchargers, engine valves, valve train components, cylinder heads, locking and limited-slip differentials, fuel, emissions, and safety controls, transmission and engine controls, spoilers, exterior moldings, plastic components, and fluid connectors.


Eaton Electrical purchased the Westinghouse Distribution and Controls Business Unit in 1994 which was also one of Eaton's largest acquisitions.[5] The acquisition included all of the Westinghouse electrical distribution and control product business and also included stipulations that the Westinghouse name cannot be used by anyone else on these types of products for years. Today, Eaton Electrical manufactures electrical distribution and control products branded "Eaton" or "Cutler-Hammer" which can replace Westinghouse products in commercial and industrial applications.

Eaton spun off its semiconductor manufacturing equipment business as Axcelis Technologies in 2000.

In 2003, Eaton's Electrical Distribution and Control business (formerly known as Cutler-Hammer) acquired the electrical division of Delta plc. This acquisition brought Delta's brands Holec, MEM, Tabula, Bill and Elek under the Eaton nameplate[6] with the previous Westinghouse divisions and gave the company manufacturing facilities to meet IEC standards, one of the steps to become a global company and developing a worldwide standard.

Soon after this acquisition, Eaton entered a joint venture with Caterpillar Inc. and purchased 51% of I & S operations (now known as Intelligent Switchgear Organization, LLC).[7] This was followed in 2004 by the acquisition of Powerware.[8] The Powerware brand is known for the design and production of medium to large Uninterruptible Power System (UPS) devices. After several years of co-branding UPS products "Eaton|Powerware" the company is switching to the single brand Eaton for all UPS products including; BladeUPS, 9355, 9390, 9395, and 9E.

In 2006, Eaton entered the data center power distribution market. Initial products were internally developed PDU's and RPP's under the Powerware brand and included the PowerXpert metering system. A Powerware brand Static Transfer Switch was added to the portfolio through a brand-label relationship with Cyberex. To complete the power distribution portfolio Eaton released a line of rack power distribution products under its Powerware brand called ePDU. It acquired Aphel Technologies Ltd., a manufacturer of power distribution product for data centers based in Coventry, UK.[9] Shortly after, it added Pulizzi Engineering Inc., Santa Ana, CA-based manufacturer of mission critical power distribution.[10] In late 2007, it acquired the MGE Office Protection Systems division of Schneider Electric, as a result of Schneider's acquisition of APC. A Taiwanese manufacturer, Phoenixtec, was also acquired giving the company the highest share in the Chinese single-phase UPS market.[11]

On May 21, 2012 Eaton announced that they had agreed to purchase Ireland-based Cooper Industries in a cash-and-stock deal valued at about $11.46 billion. The new company is called Eaton Corporation plc and is incorporated in Ireland. Then-Eaton Chairman and CEO Alexander Cutler headed the new corporation. Cooper shareholders received $39.15 in cash and 0.77479 of a share in the newly created company for each Cooper share held. This is worth $72 per share based on Eaton’s closing share price of $42.40 on May 18, 2012, and is 29% above Cooper’s closing stock price.[12] Eaton Corporation plc completed its acquisition of Cooper Industries on Nov 30, 2012. The $13 billion acquisition of Cooper (USD$5.4B Sales revenue -2011), became the largest in Eaton's (USD$16B Sales Revenue-2011) 101-year history.[13]


Aphel Technologies Aeroquip Airflex Arrow Hart Babco Cooper Tools
Arrow Hose & Tubing Argo-Tech Begerow Centurion Bill Golf Pride
Crouse-Hinds Bussmann Boston Char-Lynn Blinda Hydrokraft
Cutler-Hammer Moeller Carter Dynapower CEAG Hydro-Line
Eaton Detroit Differentials Pigozzi Durant Everflex Cooper Internormen
Ephesus Lighting Ephesus
FHF Funke + Huster Fernsig Pringle Fuller EverTough Elek Roadranger
Hansen and Gromelle Pulizzi Hydrowa Phoenixtec Halo Walterscheid
Marina Power & Lighting Senyuan Martek Powerware Holec Weatherhead
MGE Office Protection Systems Synflex Santak Tractech MEM Wright Line
Ronningen-Petter Vickers Winner Ultronics SEL Wright-Austin


From 1920s-1964 Eaton was based on East 140th Street. In 1964, Eaton moved its headquarters into the new Erieview Tower where it remained until 1983. In that year, Eaton Corporation moved into a 28-story Cleveland office tower which was renamed for it.[14] Eaton relocated to its new 580,000 square foot facility, named Eaton Center, in Beachwood, Ohio in early 2013.[15] The reincorporation in Ireland as part of the Cooper merger involved establishing a registered head office in Dublin, Ireland but operational headquarters remain in Ohio.

Environmental record

Eaton was selected in 2008 as a recipient of the CALSTART Blue Sky Award with recognition for its environmentally "green" transportation investments, products and actions. The award was directed towards the company's efforts to pioneer heavy duty hybrid-drive technology for trucks. The annual awards recognize outstanding marketplace contributions to clean air, energy efficiency and to the clean transportation industry overall by companies, organizations and individuals.[16]

Operations of Eaton involve the use and disposal of certain substances regulated under environmental protection laws. Eaton continues to modify certain processes on an ongoing, regular basis to reduce the impact on the environment, including the reduction or elimination of certain chemicals used in, and wastes generated from, operations. Eaton has set standards for itself in the category of environmental protection vowing to reduce its own greenhouse gas emissions by 18 percent by 2012.[17]

In 2006, Eaton joined the Green Suppliers Network, a public-private partnership with the EPA and U.S. Department of Commerce, through which small and medium-sized suppliers are helped to develop "lean and clean" manufacturing processes.[18]

Eaton's hybrid electric powertrain combines a diesel engine and electric motor to drive the vehicle.[19]

In 2013, Eaton has been ranked a global leader by Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) and was named to the Climate Disclosure Leadership Index. Eaton’s position in the index ranked it first among its global competitors in the industrials sector.[20]

Corporate recognition and rankings

Recognitions include the following:

See also


  4. "History Timeline". Eaton Corporation. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  5. Dale Funk (1 January 2003). "Eaton buys Delta plc's electrical division based in United Kingdom". Electrical Wholesaling. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  6. "Cutler-Hammer in joint venture between Eaton, Caterpillar". The Business Journal (Milwaukee). 5 August 2003. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  7. "Eaton Completes Purchase of Powerware" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 9 June 2004. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  8. "Eaton Announces Acquisition Of Aphel Technologies Limited" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 5 April 2007. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  9. "Eaton Expands Power Quality Offerings With Acquisition Of Pulizzi Engineering" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 19 June 2007. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  10. "Eaton To Acquire MGE's Small Systems Business From Schneider Electric" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 21 June 2007. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  11. Detroit Free Press, Tuesday, May 22. 2012, page 3C
  12. Business Week
  13. "Eaton Center". Emporis. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  14. Grant Gravagna (2 Feb 2013). "Eaton Corporation Relocated World Headquarters to Beachwood; Puts City on Map for Economic Development". Retrieved 2013-02-03.
  15. "CALSTART Blue Sky Award Winners Announced" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 5 May 2008. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  16. "Climate Change Commitment". Eaton Corporation. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  17. "Eaton joins EPA's Green Suppliers Network" (PDF) (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 10 July 2006. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  18. "Cleaner Vehicles". FedEx. 23 September 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  19. "Eaton Achieves CDP Leadership Position" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 16 September 2013.
  20. "Eaton Places Fourth Among" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 16 April 2013.
  21. "Eaton Recognized for Leadership" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 9 October 2013.
  22. "Eaton Ranks Among the World's Most Ethical Companies" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 20 March 2014.


The History of Eaton Corporation 1911–1985
Securities and Exchange Commission

External links

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