Earl Temple

The baronetcy of Temple of Stowe, in the Baronetage of England was created 24 September 1611 for Thomas Temple, eldest son of John Temple of Stowe, Buckinghamshire. His great-grandson Sir Richard, 4th Baronet, was created Baron Cobham 19 October 1714, and Viscount Cobham and Baron Cobham 23 May 1718, the latter with a special remainder, failing his male issue (of which he had none) to his sisters and their heirs male. On his death 13 September 1749 the barony of 1714 became extinct, the viscountcy and barony of 1718 passed to his elder sister, and the baronetcy passed to his second cousin once removed William Temple, of Nash House, who became 5th Baronet. On the death of Sir William's nephew Sir Richard, 7th Baronet, on the 15 November 1786, the baronetcy became dormant.

The Earldom of Temple was created in the Peerage of Great Britain, 18 October 1749 for Hester, 2nd Viscountess Cobham and elder sister of Richard, 1st Viscount Cobham, abovementioned. She had been married in 1710 to Richard Grenville, of Wotton, Buckinghamshire, and at her death 6 October 1762 she was succeeded by her eldest son Richard, who became 2nd Earl Temple. His nephew George, 3rd Earl Temple (son of his younger brother George Grenville, who served as Prime Minister) was created Marquess of Buckingham, 4 December 1784. His son Richard, 2nd Marquess of Buckingham and 4th Earl Temple, was created Duke of Buckingham and Chandos and Earl Temple of Stowe in the Peerage of the United Kingdom 4 February 1822, the latter title with a special remainder to allow female descendants to succeed. On the death of the 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos 26 March 1889, the Dukedom and Marquessate became extinct, as did the Earldom of 1749. The Earldom of 1822 passed to his nephew William Gore-Langton, son of his sister Lady Anna, and the Viscountcy of Cobham to his fourth cousin once removed, the 5th Lord Lyttelton and Westcote, a great-great-grandson of the younger sister of the 1st Viscount. Both these titles remain extant.

Baronets, of Stowe (1611)

Earls Temple (1749)

Earls Temple of Stowe (1822)


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