Dutch general election, 1922

Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
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General elections were held in the Netherlands on 5 July 1922.[1] They were the first elections held under universal suffrage, which became reality after the acceptance of a proposal by Henri Marchant in 1919 that gave women full voting rights.[2] Almost all major parties had a woman elected. The number of female representatives increased from one to seven. Only the Anti-Revolutionary Party principally excluded women from the House of Representatives. Another amendment to the electoral law increased the electoral threshold from 0.5% to 0.75%,[3] after six parties had won seats with less than 0.75% of the vote in the previous elections.

The General League of Roman Catholic Caucuses remained the largest party, increasing from 30 to 32 seats, whilst the Anti Revolutionary Party increased from 13 to 16 seats, and the Christian Historical Union went from 7 to 11 seats.[4] The right-wing Christian Democratic Party and the Christian Social Party both lost their sole seats, disappearing from the House, while the Reformed Political Party (SGP) managed to win a seat. The SGP, an orthodox Protestant party established in 1918, was opposed to the co-operation of the Protestant ARP and CHU with the Catholics.

The Social Democratic Workers' Party lost two seats,[4] whilst left-wing splinter parties also suffered losses, and went from four to two seats.

Several liberal groups had merged in 1921 to form the Liberal State Party, but lost further seats as they were reduced from fifteen to only ten. However, a new Liberal Party led by the 85-year-old Samuel van Houten, won a seat. Van Houten himself did not take the seat, which was instead occupied by his representative, Lizzy van Dorp.

The Free-thinking Democratic League maintained, against most expectations, their five seats, whilst of the remaining splinter parties, only the Peasants' League was able to survive, rising from one to two seats.

After a relatively short formation, the second Ruijs de Beerenbrouck cabinet was formed, with largely the same composition as the previous one.


Party Votes % Seats +/–
General League of Roman Catholic Caucuses874,74529.932+2
Social Democratic Workers' Party567,76919.420–2
Anti-Revolutionary Party402,27713.716+3
Christian Historical Union318,66910.911+4
Liberal State Party271,3589.310New
Free-thinking Democratic League134,5954.650
Communist Party Holland53,6641.820
Farmers' League Left36,6681.32+1
Reformed Political Party26,7440.91+1
Liberal Party18,1240.61New
General Dutch Women's Organisation224,9567.70New
Austerity League0New
Christian Democratic Union0New
Christian Social Party0–1
Democratic Party0New
Braam Group00
Van der Zwaag Group00
Land Party0New
Hervormd Gereformeerde Staatspartij0New
Homeowners' Party0New
Kiesvereniging Algemeen Belang0New
Small Middle Class Party0New
Artists' Party0New
Bleeker List0New
Brinkman List0New
Busch List0New
Coppenolle List0New
De Ruiter List0New
Groenendaal List0New
Schouten List0New
Van der Werf List0New
Verweij List0New
Doctor Lists0New
Dutch League for Taxpayers0New
Middle Class Neutral Bloc0New
New Catholic Party0New
Independent Party0New
Party for Pension Interests0New
Patricians' League0New
Farmers' League Right00
Protestant People's Party0New
Rural Party0New
Rapaille Partij0New
Revolutionary Party0New
Socialist Party0–1
Patriotic Party0New
People's Welfare Party00
Free-thinkers Free Middle Class Party0New
Invalid/blank votes
Registered voters/turnout3,299,672
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular Vote


  1. Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1395 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. 1922 parliamentary election campaign University of Gronigen
  3. Nohlen & Stöver, p1385
  4. 1 2 Nohlen & Stöver, p1412
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