Duke of Alba

"Duchess of Alba" redirects here. For the late Duchess, see Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba.
"Dukedom of Alba" redirects here. Not to be confused with Kingdom of Alba (Scotland).
Coat of arms of the Dukes of Alba of the House of Alvarez de Toledo
Coat of arms of the Dukes of Alba of the House of FitzJames
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Duke of Alba (Spanish: Duques de Alba de Tormes) is a Spanish title of nobility accompanied with the dignity Grandee of Spain. In 1472 the title Count of Alba de Tormes, inherited by García Álvarez de Toledo, was elevated to the title Duke of Alba by King Henry IV of Castile.

Duke of Alba de Tormes is one of the main titles of Spain and historically, one of the most powerful families in Europe; which gives its name to the House of Alba. However, it should be borne in mind that three families have succeeded in the Duchy: the original House of Alba or the Álvarez de Toledo, extinct in 1755, the second House of Silva, extinct in 1802, and the third and current House of FitzJames, derived from the illegitimate son of James the VII of Scotland, II of England.

Famous Dukes include Don Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba, governor of the Spanish Netherlands (references to "Alba" (Alva in Dutch), particularly in the context of Dutch history, are usually about him); and Doña María del Pilar de Silva, 13th Duchess of Alba, a muse of the painter Francisco Goya.

Dukes married into the families of Christopher Columbus and Cosimo de Medici and the line of the Dukes of Berwick, making them distant relatives of the Earl Spencer and Dukes of Marlborough.

Today the Dukes of Alba keep a large and valuable collection of art and historic documents. The largest part of this treasure is kept at the main residence of the family in Madrid, named Liria Palace.

Lords of Alba de Tormes (1429–1438)

  1. Don Gutierre III Alvarez de Toledo (also Bishop of Palencia and Archbishop of Seville and Toledo)

Counts of Alba de Tormes (1438–1472)

  1. Don Hernando Álvarez de Toledo, 1st Count of Alba
  2. Don García Álvarez de Toledo, 2nd Count of Alba (created Duke of Alba in 1472)

Dukes of Alba de Tormes (since 1472)

  1. Don García Álvarez de Toledo, 1st Duke of Alba
  2. Don Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo, 2nd Duke of Alba
  3. Don Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel, 3rd Duke of Alba (1507–1582)
  4. Don Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo, 4th Duke of Alba
  5. Don Antonio Álvarez de Toledo, 5th Duke of Alba
  6. Don Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 6th Duke of Alba
  7. Don Antonio Álvarez de Toledo, 7th Duke of Alba
  8. Don Antonio Álvarez de Toledo, 8th Duke of Alba
  9. Don Antonio Álvarez de Toledo, 9th Duke of Alba
  10. Don Francisco Álvarez de Toledo, 10th Duke of Alba
  11. Doña María Teresa Álvarez de Toledo, 11th Duchess of Alba
  12. Don Fernando de Silva, 12th Duke of Alba
  13. Doña María del Pilar de Silva, 13th Duchess of Alba (1762–1802)
  14. Don Carlos Miguel Fitz-James Stuart, 14th Duke of Alba—see also list of Duke of Berwick
  15. Don Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, 15th Duke of Alba
  16. Don Carlos María Fitz-James Stuart, 16th Duke of Alba
  17. Don Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, 17th Duke of Alba
  18. Doña María del Rosario Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart y Silva, 18th Duchess of Alba
  19. Don Carlos Fitz-James Stuart, 19th Duke of Alba


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