George, Duke of Bavaria

Duke George of Bavaria

George of Bavaria referred to as the Rich (15 August 1455, Burghausen, Bavaria 1 December 1503 Ingolstadt), (German: Georg , Herzog von Bayern-Landshut) was the last Duke of Bavaria-Landshut. He was a son of Louis IX the Rich and Amalia of Saxony.


Together with his cousin Albert IV of Bavaria-Munich George tried to extend his influence in Further Austria, but in 1489 he abandoned these plans to settle the difference with Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor. George later became a strong ally of Emperor Maximilian I and supported his campaigns in Swabia, Switzerland, Geldern and Hungary.

Hedwig Jagiellon

His wedding with the princess Hedwig Jagiellon, a daughter of King Casimir IV of Poland, in 1475 was celebrated in the Landshut Wedding with one of the most splendid festivals of the Middle Age. The couple had five children, three sons and two daughters. However, none of their sons survived until George's death, and per the restrictions of the Salic law practiced in medieval Germany, their daughters could not inherit the duchy. However, George tried to bequeath the duchy to his daughter Elizabeth and her husband Ruprecht of the Palatinate, third son of Philip, Elector Palatine. This led to a destructive war of succession after George's death in 1503/1504. Finally he was succeeded by Albert IV of Bavaria-Munich. Only the new duchy of Palatinate-Neuburg passed to Ruprecht's sons Otto-Henry, Elector Palatine (Ottheinrich) and Philip. The most southern districts of Bavaria-Landshut Kufstein, Kitzbühel and Rattenberg passed to Emperor Maximilian and were united with Tyrol.


George and Hedwig had the following children:

  1. Ludwig of Bavaria (1476–1496)
  2. Rupert of Bavaria (1477)
  3. Elisabeth of Bavaria (1478–1504), married Ruprecht of the Palatinate and was mother of Otto Henry, Elector Palatine.
  4. Margaret of Bavaria (1480–1531)
  5. Wolfgang of Bavaria (*/† 1482)


George, Duke of Bavaria
Born: 15 August 1455 Died: 1 December 1503
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Louis IX
Duke of Bavaria-Landshut
Succeeded by
Albert IV
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