Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg

Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg
Prince of Mirow
Born (1708-02-23)23 February 1708
Strelitz, Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Holy Roman Empire
Died 5 June 1752(1752-06-05) (aged 44)
Spouse Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Issue Duchess Christiane
Duchess Karoline
Duke Adolf Friedrich IV
Duchess Elizabeth Christine
Duchess Sophie Louise
Duke Charles II
Duke Ernst Gottlob
Charlotte, Queen of the United Kingdom
Duke Gotthelf
Duke George Augustus
House Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Father Adolf Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Mother Princess Christiane Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
Religion Lutheranism

Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow (German: Herzog Carl Ludwig Friedrich zu Mecklenburg, Prinz von Mirow; 23 February 1708 – 5 June 1752) was a member of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and the father of Queen Charlotte of the United Kingdom and Queen of Hanover.


Charles was born in Strelitz, the only son of the reigning Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Adolphus Frederick II, and his third wife, Princess Christiane Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen. His father died when he was only three months old. His half-brother succeeded Charles's father as Adolphus Frederick III, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He inherited from his father the commandries of Mirow and Nemerow.[1] After the death of his father he lived in Mirow with his mother.[2] He later attended the University of Greifswald in Pomerania.[1]

Charles, who played the transverse flute, set off in 1726 on a European tour to learn more about music.[3] After visiting Geneva, Italy and France he went to Vienna and briefly entered the service of the Holy Roman Emperor as a Lieutenant Colonel before returning to Mirow.[2]

After leaving the Army, Charles lived with his family in the castle of Mirow, spending most of his time managing his estates and attending to the education of his children.[1] He lived at Mirow until his death there at the age of 44.

When his older half-brother, Adolphus Frederick III, died in December 1752 without a male heir, Charles Louis Frederick's son Adolf Friedrich IV became the next Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.


Charles was married on 5 February 1735 in Eisfeld to Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen, daughter of Ernest Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen.[4] She was regent to her son in 1752 and played a major part in the struggle for the throne at that time.

They had ten children, of whom six survived to adulthood:

Through his daughter Charlotte, Charles Louis Frederick is the ancestor of every British monarch beginning with George IV, who ascended the throne of the United Kingdom in 1820.



  1. 1 2 3 Watkins, John (1819). Memoirs of Her Most Excellent Majesty Sophia-Charlotte, Queen of Great Britain. H. Colburn. pp. 28–30.
  2. 1 2 Carlyle, Thomas (1866). History of Friedrich the Second Called Frederick the Great. Harper & Brothers. pp. 477, 478.
  3. Sardelli, Federico Maria; Michael Talbot (2007). Vivaldi's Music for Flute And Recorder. Ashgate Publishing. p. 43. ISBN 0-7546-3714-X.
  4. Online Gotha

External links

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