Donald M. Kerr (conservationist)
|Donald M. Kerr|
Don Kerr High Desert Museum founder
Portland, Oregon, US
Bend, Oregon, US
|Education||Oregon State University|
|Board member of||High Desert Museum|
Donald M. Kerr (1946 – February 4, 2015) was a wildlife biologist and conservationist. He founded the High Desert Museum in Bend, Oregon. Kerr lead the museum for sixteen years, helping it develop and expand to become one of Central Oregon's most popular tourist attractions. The museum’s bird of prey center and a high desert conservation award are named in his honor.
Kerr was born in Portland, Oregon in 1946. He was a third generation Oregonian. At the age of 12, he became interested in falconry when a teacher brought a live falcon to class. That experience sparked a broader interest in wildlife and nature in general. In high school, Kerr raised a wolf cub as a biology project. He attended Oregon State University, where he graduated with a bachelor's degree in biology and a minor in journalism in 1969.
After graduating from Oregon State University, Kerr went to work at Portland’s Washington Park Zoo (now called the Oregon Zoo). He later took a job with the Nature Conservancy as a wildlife biologist. In the late 1970s, Kerr moved to Central Oregon with the idea of creating a museum with living animals exhibited in their natural environments.
High Desert Museum
In 1974, Kerr founded the Western Natural History Institute. After five years of fund raising, he persuaded the Brooks-Scanlon Lumber Company to donate 135 acres (55 ha) of timberland for a nature museum site. The property was located 5 miles (8.0 km) south of Bend just east of U.S. Route 97. Construction of the museum began in May 1982. The museum building was completed and opened its doors to the public later that year. Originally, the museum was called the Oregon High Desert Museum. However, the museum's name was later changed to the High Desert Museum to highlight the fact that the high desert environment stretches across a large part of the western United States.
Kerr directed the museum for sixteen years. During his tenure, the museum grew rapidly. It was one of the first museums in the United States to merge indoor and outdoor wildlife exhibits with an interactive living history program. In 1989, a new high desert history wing was added to the museum. It became the Earle A. Chiles Spirit of the West Center, providing space for a series of western history dioramas as well as several rooms for temporary exhibits. In 1991, another wing was built to house an extensive collection of Native American artifacts donated to the museum by Doris Swayze Bounds. By that time, the museum was hosting approximately 100,000 visitors annually.
In the early 1990s, Kerr served on the board of directors for the Mid-Oregon Indian Historical Society as well as Oregon’s State Parks and Recreation Commission. In 1999, Oregon State University honored Kerr with the university’s Distinguished Service Award for his vision and leadership in establishing the High Desert Museum.
Illness and death
In 1995, Kerr was infected with a viral form of encephalitis. The source of the infection was probably a small cut from the talons of a great horned owl that Kerr had been working with near the museum. After the infection, Kerr had trouble communicating and then began losing muscular coordination. He never recovered, eventually becoming an invalid. A year later, Kerr step down from his position as the museum's president due to his illness.
While he was unable to participate in the High Desert Museum's day-to-day operations, Kerr remained interested in the institution and its mission. Kerr died on February 4, 2015 in Bend, Oregon. A public memorial service for Kerr was held at the High Desert Museum on March 7, 2015.
In 2001, the museum named its new $1,200,000 birds of prey center in his honor. Today, the 7,500 square feet (700 m2) Donald M. Kerr Birds of Prey Center houses the museum’s living collection of owls, falcons, hawks, eagles, and vultures as well as a number of environmental exhibits. The center also has a large classroom used for lectures and indoor wildlife demonstrations.
At the time of Kerr's death, the High Desert Museum was a 100,000-square-foot (9,300 m2) facility with approximately .5 miles (0.80 km) of walking trails connecting the main museum with the birds of prey center and various outdoor exhibits. As of 2015, the museum attracted over 160,000 visitors each year, making it one of the most popular visitor destinations in central Oregon.
The High Desert Museum also presents the annual Donald M. Kerr Award. The award recognizes individuals whose volunteer activities have had a significant positive impact on the high desert environment and its resources. The award includes a $5,000 honorarium funded by the Earle A. Chiles Foundation.
- "Welcome", High Desert Museum, www.highdesertmuseum.org, Bend, Oregon, accessed February 7, 2015.
- Hammers, Scott and Dylan J. Darling, "High Desert Museum visionary, founder dies", The Bulletin, Bend, Oregon, February 7, 2015, pp. A1, A5.
- Founder Of High Desert Museum Dies At Age 69", www.mycentraloregon.com, Horizon Broadcasting Group, Bend, Oregon, February 7, 2015.
- Findling, Kim Cooper, "Oregon Dreamer – Donald Kerr of the High Desert Museum", Travel Oregon, Oregon Tourism Commission, Salem, Oregon, December 2, 2011.
- "OSU to Honor Museum Founder with Service Award", news communication, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, June 3, 1999.
- "Ailing founder unable to work at Bend museum", Eugene Register-Guard, Eugene, Oregon, July 8, 1996, p. 3C.
- "Donald M. Kerr leaves an impressive legacy", The Bulletin, Bend, Oregon, February 8, 2015, p. F2.
- "High Desert Museum Facilities Timeline 1982-2010," High Desert Museum Interpreter's Guide, High Desert Museum, Bend, Oregon, 2013.
- "Donald M. Kerr Birds Of Prey Center", High Desert Museum, www.highdesertmuseum.org, Bend, Oregon, accessed February 7, 2015.
- "Donald M. Kerr…From the dreams of a young biology student...The Donald M. Kerr Birds of Prey Center and its permanent exhibit, Raptors of the Desert Sky", The Bulletin, Bend Oregon, July 19, 2001.
- "Key Facts", High Desert Museum, www.highdesertmuseum.org, Bend, Oregon, accessed February 7, 2015.
- Minoura, Yoko, "The High Desert Museum honors conservationist", The Bulletin, Bend, Bulletin, September 8, 2007.
- Marlowe, Erin Foote, "High Desert Museum honors two—Nevada authors receive Donald M. Kerr award", The Bulletin, Bend, Bulletin, September 10, 2005.
- "Stu Garrett wins museum’s Donald Kerr Award", Bend Bugle, Bend, Oregon, October 1, 2003.