# Disjunction elimination

Transformation rules |
---|

Propositional calculus |

Rules of inference |

Rules of replacement |

Predicate logic |

In propositional logic, **disjunction elimination**^{[1]}^{[2]} (sometimes named **proof by cases**, **case analysis**, or **or elimination**), is the valid argument form and rule of inference that allows one to eliminate a disjunctive statement from a logical proof. It is the inference that if a statement implies a statement and a statement also implies , then if either or is true, then has to be true. The reasoning is simple: since at least one of the statements P and R is true, and since either of them would be sufficient to entail Q, Q is certainly true.

- If I'm inside, I have my wallet on me.
- If I'm outside, I have my wallet on me.
- It is true that either I'm inside or I'm outside.
- Therefore, I have my wallet on me.

It is the rule can be stated as:

where the rule is that whenever instances of "", and "" and "" appear on lines of a proof, "" can be placed on a subsequent line.

## Formal notation

The *disjunction elimination* rule may be written in sequent notation:

where is a metalogical symbol meaning that is a syntactic consequence of , and and in some logical system;

and expressed as a truth-functional tautology or theorem of propositional logic:

where , , and are propositions expressed in some formal system.