Direct Subsidy Scheme

The Direct Subsidy Scheme (DSS) is instituted by the Education Bureau of Hong Kong as a means to enhance the quality of private schools in Hong Kong at the primary and secondary levels.[1] The Hong Kong government has been encouraging non-government secondary schools which have attained a sufficiently high educational standard to join the DSS by providing subsidies to enhance the quality of private school education since the 1991–92 school year.[2] In the 2000–01 school year, the DSS is extended to primary schools.[2] In the 2001–02 school year, the terms of the DSS were significantly improved to attract more schools to join the scheme.[3] Under the scheme, schools are free to decide on their curriculum, fees and entrance requirements.


Non-government schools must satisfy stipulated standards to be eligible to join the scheme.[4] The standards include requirements regarding the mode of operation (unisessional), class size, teacher's qualifications and facilities etc. For example, schools need a permanent school premises, more than 70 per cent of teachers had to be degree-holders, and they had to have sufficient facilities such as computer, music and language labs.[5]


DSS schools are free to design their own curriculum. They are not subject to the guidelines issued by the Education Department.[6] Although DSS schools are required to offer principally a curriculum targeting local students and prepare its students to sit for local examinations,[6] certain DSS schools are currently offering or are set to offer the International Baccalaureate Programme.[7]


DSS schools are generally free to select their own students,[6] subject to special arrangements with the government in case of shortage of places in government/aided schools.[8] However, DSS schools are not allowed to select their students by conducting written entrance tests.[6]


DSS schools are free to charge school fees. In the 2009–10 school year, their schools fees range from $3,000 to $110,000 per year.[9]

A DSS school will receive full recurrent subsidy until its fee level reaches 2 1/3 times the average unit cost of an aided school place. Beyond this level, no recurrent subsidy is available.[3] The average unit cost of an aided school place is calculated based on a two-age based system to address the needs of schools with longer development background. In short, a higher level of subsidy would be available to DSS schools that have been operating for 16 years or above.[10] The level of recurrent subsidy received by a DSS school is hence dependent on the number of students enrolled in that particular school.

Also, to help ex-aided DSS schools adapt to new financing methods, ex-aided DSS schools that receive less recurrent subsidy after joining the DSS will continue to receive recurrent subsidy as if they were aided schools for 5 years.[11]

To cater for students from less well-off families, DSS schools are required to set aside at least 10% of their income for fee / scholarship schemes.[10] In addition, for every dollar charged over two third of the average unit cost of an aided school place, the school should set aside 50 cents for scholarship and financial assistance schemes.[3]


DSS schools are required by the government to issue annual prospectuses, which must contain stipulated classes of information such as vision, mission and objectives of the school, class structure, curriculum, achievements in public exams, extra curricula activities, school fees etc.[12] DSS schools are free to spend their grants for educational purposes, subject to inspection of their audited accounts. Ex-aided DSS schools will be given an option to revert to aided status only if the government changes the formula for calculating DSS subsidy such that the school financial viability is adversely affected.[11]


Pegasus Philip Wong Kin Hang Christian Primary School, a DSS school, sparked controversy when the sponsoring body pulled out[13] and irregularities in its accounts were revealed. The school management committee agreed to pay an advance payment of two to three weeks to Pegasus Social Service Christian Organization, the sponsoring body, which is also the school's service provider and chaired by school supervisor Carmen Leung Suk-ching.[14] The government's monitoring mechanism over Direct Subsidy Scheme schools has therefore been criticised by legislators.[13]

Some DSS schools have also come under criticism for raising school fees despite the economic downturn.[15][16]

The Scheme has also been criticised as benefiting the private education sector and the well-off students at the expense of the public sector.[17]


See also


  1. Education Commission (June 1988). "Education Commission Report No.3" (PDF). Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  2. 1 2 Education Bureau. "Direct Subsidies Scheme-Information for Schools". Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  3. 1 2 3 Director of Education (28 June 2001). "Circular Memorandum No.210/2001" (PDF). Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  4. "Direct Subsidy Scheme Explanatory Notes for Secondary Schools S/S Section 2" (PDF). Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  5. Teddy Ng (19 November 2002). "Private school status hard to attain". Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  6. 1 2 3 4 "Direct Subsidy Scheme Explanatory Notes for Secondary Schools S/S Section 4" (PDF). Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  7. "Diocesan Boy's School IB Information Overview". Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  8. "Direct Subsidy Scheme Explanatory Notes for Secondary Schools S/S Section 1" (PDF). Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  9. "Information on Direct Subsidy Scheme Schools in the 2009–10 School Year" (PDF). Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  10. 1 2 "Direct Subsidy Scheme Explanatory Notes for Secondary Schools S/S Section 4" (PDF). Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  11. 1 2 "Notes for Aided Secondary Schools" (PDF). Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  12. "Direct Subsidy Scheme Explanatory Notes for Secondary Schools S/S Section 10" (PDF). Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  13. 1 2 Diana Lee (25 May 2009). "School's in despite pulling out". The Standard. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  14. NickkitaLau (27 May 2009). "School sponsors face legal action on accounts". The Standard. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  15. "Tuition fees cut for 5,000 students at DSS schools". The Standard. 24 October 2008. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  16. Eddie Luk (30 September 2003). "DSS fees raise parents' ire". Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  17. Eddie Luk (18 February 2002). "Money squeeze". The Standard. Retrieved 16 December 2009.

External links

List of DSS schools

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 9/8/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.