For other uses, see Dinar (disambiguation).
Nations in dark green currently use the dinar. Nations in light green previously used the dinar. Yugoslavian states are inset to the lower left.

The dinar or denar is a main currency unit in modern circulation in seven mostly-Islamic and two mostly-Orthodox (Serbia and FYRM) countries, and has historic use in several more.


Silver dinar from the reign of Serbian king Stefan Uroš I (1243–1276).

The English word "dinar" is the transliteration of the Arabic دينار (dīnār), which was borrowed via the Syriac dīnarā from the Greek δηνάριον (denárion), itself from the Latin dēnārius.[1][2] The gold dinar was an early Islamic coin corresponding to the Byzantine denarius auri.[3] A gold coin known as the dīnāra was also introduced to India by the Kushan Empire in the 1st century AD, and adopted by the Gupta Empire and its successors up to the 6th century.[4][5] The modern gold dinar is a modern bullion gold coin.

Countries currently using a currency called "dinar" or similar

Umayyad Caliphate Golden Dinar.
Countries Currency ISO 4217 code
 Algeria Algerian dinar DZD
 Bahrain Bahraini dinar BHD
 Iraq Iraqi dinar IQD
 Jordan Jordanian dinar JOD
 Kuwait Kuwaiti dinar KWD
 Libya Libyan dinar LYD
 Macedonia Macedonian denar MKN (1992–1993)
MKD (1993− )
 Serbia Serbian dinar RSD
 Tunisia Tunisian dinar TND

Countries and regions which have previously used a currency called "dinar"

A mancus or gold dinar of the English king Offa of Mercia (757–796), a copy of the dinars of the Abbasid Caliphate (774). It combines the Latin legend OFFA REX with Arabic legends. (British Museum)
Countries Currency ISO 4217 code Used Replaced by
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina dinarBAD1992–1998Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark
 Croatia Croatian dinarHRD1991–1994Croatian kuna
 IranIranian rial was divided into at first 1250 and then 100 dinars
 Republika SrpskaRepublika Srpska dinarn/a 1992–1998 Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark
 South YemenSouth Yemeni dinarYDD1965–1990 Yemeni rial
 SudanSudanese dinarSDD1992–2007 Sudanese pound
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia
 SFR Yugoslavia
 FR Yugoslavia
Yugoslav dinarYUD (1965–1989)
YUN (1990–1992)
YUR (1992–1993)
YUO (1993)
YUG (1994)
YUM (1994–2003)
1918–2003 n/a

The 8th century English king Offa of Mercia minted copies of Abbasid dinars struck in 774 by Caliph Al-Mansur with "Offa Rex" centered on the reverse.[6][7] The moneyer visibly had no understanding of Arabic as the Arabic text contains many errors. Such coins may have been produced for trade with Islamic Spain.

See also


Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dinars.
  1. Oxford English Dictionary, Second edition, 1989, s.v. dinar; online version November 2010
  2. Versteegh, C. H. M.; Versteegh, Kees (2001). The Arabic Language. Edinburgh University Press. p. 60. ISBN 978-0-7486-1436-3.
  3. Koehler, Benedikt (2014). Early Islam and the Birth of Capitalism. Lexington Books. p. 102. ISBN 978-0-7391-8883-5.
  4. Friedberg, Arthur L.; Friedberg, Ira S. (2009). Gold Coins of the World: From Ancient Times to the Present. Coin & Currency Institute. p. 457. ISBN 978-0-87184-308-1.
  5. Mookerji, Radhakumud (2007). The Gupta Empire. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 30–31. ISBN 978-81-208-0440-1.
  6. British Museum
  7. Medieval European Coinage By Philip Grierson p.330
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