For the animal, see Dikwa (amphipod).
LGA and town
Coordinates: NG 12°1′26″N 13°54′57″E / 12.02389°N 13.91583°E / 12.02389; 13.91583
Country  Nigeria
State Borno State
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)

Dikwa is a town located in Borno State, Nigeria.

History of Dikwa

Dikwa used to be part of the kingdom of Borno before being captured by Rabih in 1893. The latter had the place fortified and Dikwa became the capital of his kingdom from 1893 to 1900.[1]

In 1900, the French defeated Rabih and captured Dikwa. The town was handed over to the Germans in 1902 because of a treaty signed in 1893 between the Germans and the British which stipulated that the town of Dikwa should become German. This treaty is at the origin of the Dikwa Emirate.[2]

Between 1902 and 1916, Dikwa was the capital of what the Europeans called German Borno. After the First World War until 1961, the town and the Dikwa Emirate were administered by the British under a League of Nations Mandate and a United Nations Trusteeship agreement.[3] In 1942, Dikwa ceased to be the capital of the Dikwa Emirate. Bama became the capital of the Emirate which kept its name as Dikwa Emirate.[4]

In 1961, after a United Nations plebiscite, the town and the Dikwa Emirate became officially Nigerian.[5]

Local Government Area of Nigeria

Dikwa is a Local Government Area of Borno State, Nigeria. Its headquarters are in the town of Dikwa, which is also the seat of the Dikwa Emirate.

It has an area of 1,774 km² and had a population of 25,300 inhabitants in 2010 according to Africapolis.[6] The 2006 census gave an estimated number of 105,909 inhabitants but, as in the rest of Nigeria, these figures should be taken with caution.[7]

The postal code of the area is 611.[8]


  1. W. K. R. Hallam, The life and times of Rabih Fadl Allah (Ilfracombe: Stockwell, 1977).
  2. Obaro Ikime, ‘The fall of Borno’, in The fall of Nigeria: the British conquest (London: Heinemann Educational, 1977), pp.178-184.
  3. Michael Callahan, Mandates and Empire: The League of Nations and Africa 1914-1931 (Sussex Academic Press, 2008) and Michael Callahan, A Sacred Trust: The League of Nations and Africa, 1929-1946 (Sussex Academic Press, 2004).
  4. S. J. Hogben and Anthony Kirk-Greene, The Emirates of Northern Nigeria: a Preliminary Survey of Their Historical Traditions (Oxford University Press: London, 1966), p. 352.
  5. Report of the United Nations Commissioner for the Supervision of the Plebiscites in the Cameroons under United Kingdom Administration, (T/1491) (New York: Trusteeship Council, United Nations, 1959).
  6. http://e-geopolis.eu/africapolis/Rubrique70_Data/SWAC_agglos2010_site.htm [accessed 24 March 2015].
  7. http://africacheck.org/factsheets/factsheet-nigerias-population-figures/ [accessed 24 March 2015].
  8. "Post Offices- with map of LGA". NIPOST. Archived from the original on 2012-11-26. Retrieved 2009-10-20.


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