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Deutsche Messe, or The German Mass, (Deutsche Messe und Ordnung des Gottesdiensts) was published by Martin Luther in 1526. It followed his Latin mass, Formula missae (1523). Both of these masses were meant only as a suggestion made on request and were not expected to be used exactly as they were, but could be altered. The function of the mass, according to Luther, is to make people hear the word.
The German Mass was completely chanted, except for the sermon.
Order of Luther's Deutsche Messe
- A Spiritual Song or a Psalm in German
- Kyrie eleison (three fold)
- Collect (read facing the altar)
- Epistle (read facing the people)
- A German Hymn (by the whole choir)
- Gospel (read facing the people)
- Creed sung in German
- Sermon (on the Gospel)
- Paraphrase of the Lord's Prayer
- Exhortation to those who will commune
- Consecration of the Bread.
- Elevation of the Body of Christ
- Distribution of the Body of Christ
- Sanctus paraphrased in German (or the Hymn "Gott sei Gelobet" or Huss' Hymn "Jesus Christus unser Heiland")
- Consecration of the Wine
- Distribution of the Blood of Christ
- Sanctus or Agnus Dei in German (or the Hymn "Gott sei Gelobet" or Huss' Hymn "Jesus Christus unser Heiland")
- Thanksgiving Collect
- Aaronic Benediction
- Luther, Martin (1483-1546): Deutsche Messe, 1526 as an original German text
- The German Mass and Order of Divine Service (Hanover Historical Texts Project)
- Luther, Liturgies of, article from Christian Cyclopedia
- Luther’s Liturgical Reforms a comparison of Luther's Latin Mass and his German Mass at the WorshipConcord Project.