Deutsche Messe

This article is about the early Lutheran liturgy. For the Schubert work, see Deutsche Messe (Schubert). For the trade fair operator, see Deutsche Messe AG.

Deutsche Messe, or The German Mass, (Deutsche Messe und Ordnung des Gottesdiensts) was published by Martin Luther in 1526. It followed his Latin mass, Formula missae (1523). Both of these masses were meant only as a suggestion made on request and were not expected to be used exactly as they were, but could be altered. The function of the mass, according to Luther, is to make people hear the word.

The German Mass was completely chanted, except for the sermon.

Order of Luther's Deutsche Messe

A Spiritual Song or a Psalm in German
Kyrie eleison (three fold)
Collect (read facing the altar)
Epistle (read facing the people)
A German Hymn (by the whole choir)
Gospel (read facing the people)
Creed sung in German
Sermon (on the Gospel)
Paraphrase of the Lord's Prayer
Exhortation to those who will commune
Consecration of the Bread.[1]
Elevation of the Body of Christ
Distribution of the Body of Christ
Sanctus paraphrased in German (or the Hymn "Gott sei Gelobet" or Huss' Hymn "Jesus Christus unser Heiland")
Consecration of the Wine
Distribution of the Blood of Christ
Sanctus or Agnus Dei in German (or the Hymn "Gott sei Gelobet" or Huss' Hymn "Jesus Christus unser Heiland")
Thanksgiving Collect
Aaronic Benediction


  1. Geoffrey Wainwright, Karen B. Westerfield Tucker The Oxford History of Christian Worship 0195138864 2006 p.345 "Luther's preference in the Deutsche Messe is to consecrate the bread and then administer it to the people, then to consecrate the wine and administer the cup to the people."

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