Department of Energy (Philippines)
|Kagawaran ng Enerhiya|
|Formed||December 9, 1992|
|Headquarters||Energy Center, Rizal Drive, Fort Bonifacio, Taguig City|
|Annual budget||₱3.5 Billion (2015)|
The Philippines' Department of Energy (Filipino: Kagawaran ng Enerhiya, abbreviated as DOE) is the executive department of the Philippine Government responsible for preparing, integrating, coordinating, supervising and controlling all plans, programs, projects and activities of the Government relative to energy exploration, development, utilization, distribution and conservation.
The Department of Energy was created by then President Marcos as he issued Presidential Decree No. 1206 which created the Ministry of Energy and attached the National Power Corporation and Philippine National Oil Company to this new agency. The Ministry and its two bureaus (Bureau of Energy Development and Bureau of Energy Utilization) remained intact but was downgraded into a mere Office of Energy Affairs--headed by Atty. Wenceslao Dela Paz and reporting to then Deputy Executive Secretary for Energy Catalino Macaraig, Jr. based in Malacanang--during the regime of President Corazon Aquino. During the regime of President Fidel V. Ramos, the Department was created due to Republic Act No. 7638 otherwise known as the Department of Energy Act of 1992.
The Department was vested additional powers and functions under pertinent energy and power-related legislations, such as Republic Act (RA) No. 9136 or the "Electric Power Industry Reform Act of 2001", RA No. 9367 or "Biofuels Act of 2006", and RA No. 9513 or "Renewable Energy Act of 2008.
The Department is headed by the Secretary of Energy who is assisted by three Undersecretaries and three Assistant Secretaries. Under the Department are the Administrative Service, Financial Service, Information Technology and Management Service, Legal Service and Energy Research Testing and Laboratory Service.
The Department is composed of the following bureaus:
- Energy Resource Development Bureau,
- Energy Utilization Management Bureau,
- Energy Policy and Planning Bureau,
- Oil Industry Management Bureau,
- Electric Power Industry Management Bureau, and
- Renewable Energy Management Bureau.
The following units, agencies and corporations are attached to the Department:
- National Biofuels Board (NBB)
- National Power Corporation (NPC)
- National Transmission Corporation (TransCo)
- National Electrification Administration (NEA)
- Philippine National Oil Company (PNOC)
- Power Sector Assets and Liabilities Management Corporation (PSALM Corp.)
List of the Secretaries of the Department of Energy
Philippine Energy Plan 2009–2030
Due to the rapid growth of the country's population and the interrelated growing of the country's demand for energy, the Department of Energy (DOE) introduced its Philippine Energy Plan 2009–2030.
The plan for the period 2009–2030 mentions three broad policy thrusts based on the concept of enabling better energy choices for a better quality of life.
On April 28, 2010, Director Jesus Tamang of the Energy Policy and Planning Bureau explained that keeping the self-sufficiency level on nearly 60% will be challenging, but he also stated that a way to counter-streer this massive population growth was the country's future investments in new projects that are targeted in the plan.
The DOE's proposal consists of these following three principles that will have an important impact within the next 20 years on the country’s energy future:
Ensure energy security
- Accelerate the exploration and development of oil, gas and coal resources
- Intensify development and utilization of renewable and environment-friendly alternative energy resources and technologies
- Enhance energy efficiency and conservation
- Put in place long-term reliable power supply
- Improve transmission and distribution systems
- Secure vital energy infrastructure and facilities
- Maintain a competitive energy investment climate
Pursue effective implementation of energy sector reforms
- Monitor the implementation of, and if necessary, recommend amendments to, existing energy laws
- Promote an efficient, competitive, transparent and reliable energy sector
- Advocate the passage of new and necessary laws
Implement social mobilization and cross-sector monitoring mechanisms
- Expand reach through information, education and communication
- Establish cross-sector monitoring mechanism in cooperation with other national government agencies, academe, local government units, non-government organizations and other local and international organizations
- Promote good governance
- "GAA 2015" (PDF). DBM. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
- "Secretaries of Energy". Philippine Department of Energy. Archived from the original on February 21, 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2006.
- Department of Energy (Philippines)
- Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry
- Population Growth Index