Department for Education
|Headquarters||Sanctuary Buildings, Great Smith Street, London, England, UK|
|Annual budget||£58.2 billion (2015-16)|
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The Department for Education (DfE) is a department of Her Majesty's Government responsible for child protection, education (compulsory, further and higher education), apprenticeships and wider skills in England. The DfE is also responsible for women and equalities policy.
A Department for Education previously existed between 1992, when the Department of Education and Science was renamed, and 1995 when it was merged with the Department for Employment to become the Department for Education and Employment.
In June 2012 the Department for Education committed a breach of the UK's Data Protection Act due to a security flaw on its website which made email addresses, passwords and comments of people responding to consultation documents available for download.
In July 2016, the Department took over responsibilities for higher and further education and for apprenticeship from the dissolved Department for Business, Innovation and Skills.
- Committee of the Privy Council on Education, 1839–1899
- Education Department, 1856–1899
- Board of Education, 1899–1944
- Ministry of Education, 1944–1964
- Department of Education and Science, 1964–1992
- Department for Education, 1992–1995
- Department for Education and Employment (DfEE), 1995–2001
- Department for Education and Skills (DfES), 2001–2007
- Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF), 2007–2010
The department is led by the Secretary of State for Education. The Permanent Secretary is Jonathan Slater. DfE is responsible for education, children’s services, higher and further education policy, apprenticeships and wider skills in England, and equalities. The predecessor department employed the equivalent of 2,695 staff as of April 2008 and as at June 2016, DfE had reduced its workforce to the equivalent of 2,301 staff. In 2015-16, the DfE has a budget of £58.2bn, which includes £53.6bn resource spending and £4.6bn of capital investments.
|Rt. Hon Justine Greening MP|| Secretary of State
|Rt. Hon Robert Halfon||Minister of State||Apprenticeships; FE and 16-19; Careers, International Education|
|Jo Johnson||Minister of State||Minister of State for Universities, Science, Research and Innovation (joint minister with Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)|
|Edward Timpson MP||Minister of State for Children and Families||Childcare, early learning and development, families, health issues, child poverty, school food and healthy schools, special educational needs and disabled children, young carers|
|Nick Gibb MP||Minister of State for Schools||Schools|
|Lord Nash||Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Schools (unpaid)||Academies, Free Schools, UTCs, Studio Schools, independent schools; School organisation; Education Funding Agency|
|Caroline Dinenage MP||Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Women and Equalities|
- Permanent Secretary - Jonathan Slater
- Director-General, Children’s Services, Equalities and Communications - Paul Kissack
- Director-General, Education Standards - Juliet Chua
- Director-General, Infrastructure and Funding - Andrew McCully
- Director-General, Strategy and Resources Directorate - Richard Calvert
- Chief Executive, EFA and SFA - Peter Lauener
- Marion Plant OBE; CEO of the Midland Academies Trust and Principal
- David Meller; founder of Meller Education Trust
- Baroness Ruby McGregor-Smith CBE; Chief Executive of Mitie Group
- Ian Ferguson CBE; businessman
- Sanctuary Buildings, Great Smith Street, London
- Piccadilly Gate, Manchester
- 2 St Paul's Place, Sheffield
- Bishops Gate House, Darlington
- Earlsdon Park, Coventry
Agencies and Public Bodies
Education Funding Agency
The Education Funding Agency (EFA) is responsible for distributing funding for state education in England for 3-19 year olds, as well as managing the estates of schools and colleges. The EFA was formed on 1 April 2012 by bringing together the functions of two non-departmental public bodies, the Young People's Learning Agency and Partnerships for Schools.
National College for Teaching and Leadership
The National College for Teaching and Leadership (NCTL) is responsible for administering the training of new and existing teachers in England, as well as the regulation of the teaching profession and offers headteachers, school leaders and senior children's services leaders opportunities for professional development. It was established on 1 April 2013, when the Teaching Agency (which replaced the Training and Development Agency for Schools and parts of the General Teaching Council for England) merged with the National College for School Leadership.
Skills Funding Agency
The Skills Funding Agency is responsible for funding skills training for further education in England, as well as running the National Apprenticeship Service and the National Careers Service. The SFA was formed on 1 April 2010, following the closure of the Learning and Skills Council. It shares a Chief Executive, Peter Lauener, and Chief Financial Officer with the Education Funding Agency.
Standards and Testing Agency
The Standards and Testing Agency (STA) is responsible for developing and delivering all statutory assessments for school pupils in England. It was formed on 1 October 2011 and took over the functions of the Qualifications and Curriculum Development Agency. The STA is regulated by the examinations regulator, Ofqual.
The DfE is also supported by 10 public bodies:
|Non-ministerial departments||Ofqual; Ofsted|
|Executive non-departmental public bodies||Equality and Human Rights Commission; Higher Education Funding Council for England; Office for Fair Access; Office of the Children's Commissioner; Student Loans Company|
|Advisory non-departmental public bodies||School Teachers' Review Body|
|Other||Government Equalities Office; Office of the Schools Adjudicator|
Education, youth and children's policy is devolved elsewhere in the UK. The department's main devolved counterparts are as follows:
- Department of Education
- Office of the First Minister and deputy First Minister (children and young people)
National Curriculum 2014
The Department for Education released a new National Curriculum for schools in England for September 2014, which included 'Computing'. Following Michael Gove's speech in 2012, the subject of Information Communication Technology (ICT) has been disapplied and replaced by Computing. With the new curriculum, materials have been written by commercial companies, to support non-specialist teachers, for example, '100 Computing Lessons' by Scholastic. The Computing at Schools organisation has created a 'Network of Teaching Excellence' to support schools with the new curriculum.
- Alexiadou, Nafsika; Lange, Bettina (January 2013). "Deflecting European Union influence on national education policy-making: the case of the United Kingdom". Journal of European Integration. Taylor and Francis. 35 (1): 37–52. doi:10.1080/07036337.2012.661423.
- Fiveash, Kelly (October 19, 2012), ICO: Education ministry BROKE the Data Protection Act, The Register, retrieved December 7, 2012
- Matt Foster, New Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy swallows up DECC and BIS — full details and reaction, Civil Service World (14 July 2016).
- "Our ministers". GOV.UK. Department for Education. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
- https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/department-for-education accessed 02/08/2016
- Non-Executive Members, DfE Board
- https://data.gov.uk/dataset/epimstransparency/resource/da62b17c-e933-4b27-bd68-249d1aca5aa9 accessed 02/08/2016
- "The creation of the Education Funding Agency". Department for Education.
- "Standards and Testing Agency". Department for Education.
- "STA Feedback and complaints". Department for Education.
- OFMDFM Children and young people
- Welsh Government | Education and skills. Wales.gov.uk. Retrieved on 2013-08-13.