Democratic Union for the Republic

Democratic Union for the Republic
Unione Democratica per la Repubblica
President Francesco Cossiga
Vice president Rocco Buttiglione, Carlo Scognamiglio
Secretary Clemente Mastella
Founded May 1996 (alliance)
February 1998 (unified party)
Dissolved February 1999
Merger of Christian Democrats for the Republic, European Liberal Social Democracy
Succeeded by Union of Democrats for Europe
Ideology Christian democracy
Political position Centre
European affiliation European People's Party
European Parliament group European People's Party

The Democratic Union for the Republic (Italian: Unione Democratica per la Repubblica, UDR) was a short-lived centrist Christian democratic political party in Italy.

It was founded in February 1998 by Francesco Cossiga (former Prime Minister and President) in order to provide a majority in Parliament for the creation of the D'Alema I Cabinet.[1] The party also included Clemente Mastella (ex-Christian Democratic Centre, then leader of the Christian Democrats for the Republic), Rocco Buttiglione (leader of the United Christian Democrats), Mario Segni (leader of Segni Pact), Carlo Scognamiglio Pasini (ex-FI), Enrico Ferri (ex-CCD) and Irene Pivetti (ex-Lega Nord), along with many other MPs elected for the centre-right. Cossiga'a sim was to facilitate the creation of a centre-left governments without the support of the Communist Refoundation Party.[2] The UDR was initially only a federation of parties, but in June CDR, CDU and the Segni Pact merged to form a united party. Clemente Mastella was elected Secretary of the new party. The party formed The Clover (Il Trifoglio) alliance with the Italian Republican Party and Italian Democratic Socialists.[1]

After disagreements between Cossiga and Mastella, the party broke up in February 1999. Most party members rallied behind Mastella and entered in his Union of Democrats for Europe (UDEUR). Those around Cossiga formed the Union for the Republic (UpR), whose leading members, such as Angelo Sanza and Giorgio Rebuffa, entered in Forza Italia in 2001. The most notable exception was Carlo Scognamiglio Pasini who joined the Federation of Italian Liberals, and then European Democracy and the Pact of Liberal Democrats. Buttiglione had previously re-established the CDU, as Segni did with his Pact, while Ferri joined Forza Italia.



  1. 1 2 James Newell (2002). The Italian General Election of 2001: Berlusconi's Victory. Manchester University Press. pp. 108–109. ISBN 978-0-7190-6100-4.
  2. Mark Donovan (2015). "From the Democrazia Cristiana to the Archipelago of Catholic and Centrist Parties". In Andrea Mammone; Ercole Giap Parini; Giuseppe A. Veltri. The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Italy: History, Politics, Society. Routledge. p. 199. ISBN 978-1-317-48755-5.
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