Democratic Community of Welfare and Freedom
|Founded||8 April 2011|
|Preceded by||Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF)|
|Headquarters||1025 Budapest, II. Szilágyi Erzsébet fasor 73.|
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|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Democratic Community of Welfare and Freedom (Hungarian: Jólét és Szabadság Demokrata Közösség), abbreviated to JESZ, is a centre-right political party in Hungary. It has a liberal conservative and Christian democratic ideology. This party is the legal successor to the Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF).
The Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF), which previously governed Hungary between 1990 and 1994, received only 2.67% of the vote and failed to win any parliamentary seat in the 2010 parliamentary election. Party president Ibolya Dávid immediately resigned and retired from politics. Upon her resignation, Károly Herényi served as interim party president until the congress on 10 June 2010, when Zsolt Makay was elected the new leader of the now extra-parliamentary MDF. In December 2010, the newly elected leadership decided to transform the party and adopted a new name, Welfare and Freedom (JESZ) on 12 December 2010. The party's congress approved the change of name in March 2011, as a result the Democratic Community of Welfare and Freedom (JESZ) was established officially on 8 April 2011.
The MDF had gained 5.04% of the vote and its list leader, the non-partisan economist Lajos Bokros was elected Member of the European Parliament (MEP) in the 2009 European Parliament election. Bokros was also the party's candidate for the position of prime minister during the 2010 national election. After the failure, all relationship has been lost between Bokros and JESZ, which called the politician several times in the upcoming years to give back his MEP mandate. Bokros refused this, thus the JESZ took legal action in that matter, demanding hundreds of millions HUF however it was rejected by the metropolitan court in the absence of a legal basis.
- Zsolt Makay (2011–2015)
- László Sass (2015–present)
|Election year||National Assembly||Government|
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- Scandals, squabbling continue to rock former Hungarian Democratic Forum
- Dávid Ibolya lemond az MDF-elnökségről, Origó, 11 April 2010
- Makay Zsoltot választották az MDF elnökének – HVG, 2010. június 20.
- Megváltoztatta nevét az MDF – Origó, 12 December 2010.
- Jólét és Szabadság Demokrata Közösségre változik az MDF neve, Index.hu, 5 March 2011.
- Bokros nem adja vissza EP-mandátumát – Origo, 2011. február 25.
- Jogtalanul követelt milliókat Bokrostól az MDF jogutódja – Index, 2012. március 2.