Dean and Canons of Windsor

St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle, left, 1848.

The Dean and Canons of Windsor are the ecclesiastical body of St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle.[1]


The stalls for the Dean and Canons in the chapel

The college of Canons was established in 1348 by Letters Patent of King Edward III. It was formally constituted on the Feast of St Andrew the Apostle, 30 November 1352, when the statutes drawn up by William Edington, Bishop of Winchester, as Papal Delegate, were solemnly delivered to William Mugge, the Warden of the College.[2]

Accepting that the process of foundation took several years to complete, the college takes the year 1348 as its formal date of foundation.


Rubbing of monumental brass in Eton College Chapel, of Roger Lupton (d.1540). His hair displays the tonsure of a cleric. He wears the mantle of a Canon of Windsor (based in St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle), displaying on his left shoulder a Cross of St George within a circle

Three ancient monumental brasses survive depicting Canons of Windsor, wearing the mantle of the Order of the Garter, purple in colour, with a circular badge on the left shoulder, displaying: Argent, a cross gules (a Cross of St George):[3]

  1. c. 1370. Roger Parkers, North Stoke, Oxfordshire (half effigy with inscription; head lost).
  2. 1540. Roger Lupton, LL.D., Provost of Eton College and Canon of Windsor. Eton College Chapel (mantle worn over fur-lined cassock; no surplice).
  3. 1558. Arthur Cole, S.T.B., President of Magdalen, at Magdalen College, Oxford. Showing a very ornate mantle worn over cassock and surplice.

The long cords which fasten the mantle are well represented at North Stoke and Magdalen College. In the two later examples it is gathered. On the Eton brass the mantle is fastened at the neck. The lost effigy of John Robyns, d. 1558, of which the inscription remains in St. George's Chapel, may have shown him wearing the mantle. (See: "Brasses of Canons of Windsor," by the Rev. J. E. Field, The Antiquaryy Vol. XV., 1887; For military examples, see Ch. III). Brasses of Canons of Windsor are found showing them vested in copes, without the Garter badge, as at Thurcaston, Leicestershire. (John Mershdcn, 1425), and at Harrow (Simon Marcheford, 1442). A brass was discovered in 1890 at Bennington, near Stevenage, Hertfordshire, showing a small mutilated effigy of a priest in a cope with a round badge (possibly a rose) on the left shoulder. The cope has an orphrey. This has been supposed to represent a Canon of Windsor. (See Transactions of the Cambridge University Association of Brass Collectors, Vol. II, p. 24).

Suspension of canonries

Section 9 of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners Act 1840 provided for the suspension of eight of the canonries at St George's. It required that the first two vacant canonries should be suspended, the next filled, the next two suspended, the next filled, the next two suspended, the next filled, and the next two suspended.[4]

Current chapter

Minor Canons

Deans of Windsor

See List of Deans of Windsor for chronological list.

Canons of the First Stall

Canonry of the First Stall suspended 1861 by Act of 1840.

Canons of the Second Stall

  • 10. Pagan (Payn) Burghill 1443-1474
  • 11. Thomas Pallet 1474-1488
  • 12. Richard Arnold 1488-1491
  • 13. Thomas Bowde 1491-1504
  • 14. Robert Honiwood 1504-1523
  • 15. Richard Rawson 1523-1543
  • 16. John Robins 1543-1558
  • 17. Robert Iseham 1558-1560
  • 18. Paul French 1560-1600
  • 19. Henry Beaumont 1600-1622

Canonry of the Second Stall then suspended by Act of 1840.

Canons of the Third Stall

Canonry of the Third Stall suspended by Act of 1840.

Canons of the Fourth Stall

  • 1. Roger Parker 1353-1355
  • 2. Stephen Scaldeford (Shalford) alias Brunkter 1355-1378
  • 3. Thomas de Lynton 1378-1387
  • 4. John Notyngham 1387-1389
  • 5. Thomas Haule or Hauley 1389-1399
  • 6. Robert Ravendale 1399-1404
  • 7. William Asshrigge 1404-1405
  • 8. Geoffrey Melton 1405-1411
  • 9. Henry Drayton 1411-1413
  • 10. William Lochard 1413-1431
  • 11. John Brydbroke 1431-1444
  • 12. William Mychell 1444-1463
  • 13. Leyson Geffrey 1463-1474
  • 14. John Marshall 1474-1478

Canonry suspended by Act of 1840.

Canons of the Fifth Stall

Canons of the Sixth Stall

Canons of the Seventh Stall

Canonry suspended in 1860 by Act of 1840.

Canons of the Eighth Stall

Canonry of the Eighth Stall suspended by the Act of 1840.

Canons of the Ninth Stall

Canons of the Tenth Stall

Canonry of the Tenth Stall suspended by the Act of 1840.

Canons of the Eleventh Stall

Canons of the Twelfth Stall

  • 1. Walter Nothurst 1353-1360
  • 2. John Loryng (Lorenges, Lothereyn) 1360-1387
  • 3. Thomas Butiller (Boteler) 1387-1389 (appointed Dean 1389)
  • 4. John Boor 1389-1402
  • 5. Thomas More 1402-1422
  • 6. Thomas Duryche 1422-1435
  • 7. Thomas Lisieux (Lyseux or Lysures) 1435-1442
  • 8. John Drury (Drewery, alias Salisbury) 1442-1446
  • 9. John Bury 1446-1472
  • 10. William Towres (Towrys, Tours) 1472-1485
  • 11. Thomas Hutton 1485-1487
  • 12. John Baily (Baylie) 1488-1495

Twelfth Stall suspended under the Act of 1840.


  1. Dean & Canons of Windsor, St George's House Windsor Castle, viewed 18 April 2008,
  2. Canon S. L. Ollard, Fasti Wyndesoriensis. The Deans and Canons of St. George's Chapel (Historical monographs relating to St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, Volume 8, 1950)
  3. Druitt, Herbert, A Manual of Costume as Illustrated By Monumental Brasses, London, 1906, pp.92-3
  4. Ecclesiastical Commissioners Act 1840 (c. 113), section 9.
  5. The London Gazette: no. 27420. p. 2153. 28 March 1902.
  6. "Canon Alan Coldwells - Obituaries, News". London: The Independent. Retrieved 2011-03-13.
  7. "College of St George - Windsor Castle - New Canon of Windsor". 2009-04-23. Retrieved 2011-03-13.
  8. Reference, Victoria & Albert Museum.
  9. Reference, National Portrait Gallery.
  10. Colin Slee (23 November 2009). "Stephen Verney obituary | World news". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-03-13.
  11. "Obituary: Canon G. B. Bentley - The Independent (London, England) | HighBeam Research - FREE trial". 1996-09-25. Retrieved 2011-03-13.
  12. "John White Authorised Biography – Debrett's People of Today, John White Profile". 1942-06-27. Retrieved 2011-03-13.
  13. "New Canon of Windsor". St George's Chapel Windsor. 2015-11-16. Retrieved 2016-04-06.
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