Dead Ringers (film)
theatrical release poster
|Directed by||David Cronenberg|
by Bari Wood
|Music by||Howard Shore|
|Edited by||Ronald Sanders|
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox|
|Box office||$8 million|
Dead Ringers is a 1988 Canadian-American psychological/body horror film starring Jeremy Irons in a dual role as identical twin gynecologists. David Cronenberg directed and co-wrote the screenplay with Norman Snider. Their script was based on the lives of Stewart and Cyril Marcus and on the novel Twins by Bari Wood and Jack Geasland, a "highly fictionalized" version of the Marcus' story.
Elliot and Beverly Mantle are identical twins and gynecologists who jointly operate a highly successful clinical practice in Toronto that specializes in the treatment of female fertility problems. Elliot, the more confident and cynical of the two, seduces women who come to the Mantle Clinic. When he tires of them, the women are passed on to the shy and passive Beverly, while the women remain unaware of the substitution.
An actress, Claire Niveau, comes to the clinic for her infertility. It turns out that Claire has a "trifurcated cervix", which means she probably will not be able to have children. Elliot seduces Claire and then urges Beverly to sleep with her. However, Beverly becomes emotionally attached to Claire, and this upsets the equilibrium between the twins. Beverly also begins sharing Claire's abuse of prescription drugs, which he abets through his doctor's authority. When Claire learns that Elliot has been taking sexual advantage of her by impersonating Beverly, she is angry and confronts them both in a bar, but later decides to continue a relationship with Beverly exclusively.
Eventually, Claire leaves town to work on another film. This sends Beverly into clinical depression, more prescription drug abuse, and paranoid delusions about "mutant women" with abnormal genitalia. Beverly seeks out metallurgical artist Anders Wolleck and commissions a set of bizarre "gynecological instruments" for operating on these mutant women. After Beverly assaults a patient during surgery with one of Wolleck's tools, both brothers are immediately suspended from practice and put on administrative leave by the hospital board.
With their medical career now ruined, Elliot locks Beverly into the clinic and tries to clean him up, taking pills himself in order to "synchronize" their bloodstreams. When Claire returns, Beverly leaves the clinic to be with her. After recovering his sobriety, he is concerned about his brother, and goes back to the clinic. There he finds the clinic in a shambles and Elliot despondent and intoxicated. Their positions are reversed as Beverly cares for Elliot. Drugged and despairing, they celebrate their mock birthday and Elliot volunteers to be killed, "to separate the Siamese twins". Beverly disembowels Elliot on an examination couch with the same claw-like instrument of Wolleck's that he had used to assault his patient in the operating room.
Shortly after, Beverly pulls himself together, leaves the clinic and calls Claire on a payphone. When she asks, "Who is this?", Beverly leaves the payphone, walks back into the clinic and dies in Elliot's dead arms.
- Jeremy Irons as Beverly Mantle / Elliot Mantle
- Jonathan and Nicholas Haley as young Beverly / Elliot
- Geneviève Bujold as Claire Niveau
- Heidi von Palleske as Cary
- Barbara Gordon as Danuta
- Shirley Douglas as Laura
- Stephen Lack as Anders Wolleck
- Nick Nichols as Leo
- Lynne Cormack as Arlene
- Damir Andrei as Birchall
- Miriam Newhouse as Mrs. Bookman
- Jill Hennessy as Mimsy
- Jacqueline Hennessy as Coral
- (Jill and Jacqueline Hennessy, themselves identical twins, made their film debut as twin escorts)
In his DVD commentary, Irons mentions that Robert De Niro passed on the role because he was not comfortable with the idea of playing gynecologists and William Hurt turned it down because “it is hard enough to play one role” and the script eventually landed on his desk. This movie marked the screen debut of actress Jill Hennessy: both she and her real life twin sister Jacqueline play prostitutes in one scene of the film. Jill later followed this up by her signature role as Claire Kincaid on the TV show Law & Order.
Initially, Irons had two separate dressing rooms and two separate wardrobes which he would use depending on which character he was playing at the time. Soon, he realized that “the whole point of the story is you should sometimes be confused as to which is which,” after which he moved to a single dressing room and mixed the wardrobes together, and found an “internal way” to play each character differently, using the Alexander technique to give them “different energy points,” which gave them slightly different appearances.
Dead Ringers won the Genie Award for Best Canadian Film of 1988, also Best Director, Adapted Screenplay, Actor (Irons), Art Direction, Cinematography, Editing, Musical Score and Sound.
Irons' performance was highly acclaimed and won Best Actor awards from the Chicago Film Critics Association and the New York Film Critics Circle. Los Angeles Film Critics Association named Cronenberg Best Director and Bujold Best Supporting Actor. When Irons won the Academy Award for Best Actor in 1991 for Reversal of Fortune, he thanked Cronenberg in his acceptance speech. The film was nominated for the Grand Prix of the Belgian Syndicate of Cinema Critics.
It is the favorite Cronenberg film of Korean director Chan-wook Park and was voted for in the 2002 Sight & Sound poll by Lalitha Gopalan. In 1999, Rolling Stone listed Dead Ringers as 95th on their list of "100 Maverick Movies". Total Film placed Dead Ringers 35th on their list of the "50 Greatest Horror Movies of All Time" while Entertainment Weekly placed it 20th on their list of "The 25 scariest movies of all time". In 2004, the Toronto International Film Festival Group named Dead Ringers the 6th best Canadian film ever made. It was named one of "The Top 10 'True-Story' Horror Movies of All-time!" by Bloody Disgusting.
Although Dead Ringers closely follows the case of Stewart and Cyril Marcus, director Peter Greenaway notes that Cronenberg queried him about his film A Zed & Two Noughts for two hours before going on to make Dead Ringers eight months later. The film has a positive rating of 83% on Rotten Tomatoes.
- "DEAD RINGERS (18)". British Board of Film Classification. September 26, 1988. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
- Melnyk, George (2004). One Hundred Years of Canadian Cinema. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0-8020-3568-X.
- "Dead Ringers (1988) - Box Office Mojo". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2010-03-18.
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- Browning, Mark (2007). David Cronenberg: Author or Filmmaker?. Intellect. p. 99. ISBN 9781841501734.
- "100 Essential Male Film Performances - The Dark Side". 2009-07-28.
- Neil Young's Film Lounge (2004-08-22). "Park Life".
- BFI | Sight & Sound | Top Ten Poll 2002 - How the directors and critics voted
- "100 Maverick Movies in 100 Years from Rolling Stone". Filmsite.org. Retrieved 2011-02-23.
- "Shock Horror!". TotalFilm.com. 2005-10-10. Retrieved 2011-02-23.
- "The 25 scariest movies of all time". Entertainment Weekly. 2011-02-19. Retrieved 2011-02-23.
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- "BD Horror News - The Top 10 'True-Story' Horror Movies of All-time!". Bloody-disgusting.com. 2008-06-07. Retrieved 2011-02-23.
- "October 2004 - Online Q&A with director Peter Greenaway". The Plasma Pool. Retrieved 2015-03-04.
- Dead Ringers at the Internet Movie Database
- Dead Ringers at Box Office Mojo
- Dead Ringers at Rotten Tomatoes
- Dead Ringers at Metacritic
- Criterion Collection essay by Chris Rodley