Dauphiné Alps

Dauphiné Alps
Alpes du Dauphiné

La Meije seen from the Emparis plateau.
Highest point
Peak Barre des Écrins
Elevation 4,102 m (13,458 ft)
Coordinates 44°55′23″N 6°21′36″E / 44.92306°N 6.36000°E / 44.92306; 6.36000Coordinates: 44°55′23″N 6°21′36″E / 44.92306°N 6.36000°E / 44.92306; 6.36000

Dauphiné Alps (section nr.5) within Western Alps

Country France
Région Rhône-Alpes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Parent range Alps
Borders on
Orogeny Alpine orogeny

The Dauphiné Alps (French: Alpes du Dauphiné) are a group of mountain ranges in southeastern France, west of the main chain of the Alps. Mountain ranges within the Dauphiné Alps include the Massif des Écrins (in the Parc national des Écrins), Belledonne, the Taillefer range and the mountains of Matheysine.


The Dauphiné (pronounced: [dofine]) is a former French province whose area roughly corresponded to that of the present departments of Isère, Drôme, and Hautes-Alpes.


They are separated from the Cottian Alps in the east by the Col du Galibier and the upper Durance valley; from the western Graian Alps (Vanoise Massif) in the north-east by the river Arc; from the lower ranges Vercors Plateau and Chartreuse Mountains in the west by the rivers Drac and Isère. Many peaks rise to more than 10,000 feet (3,050 m), with Barre des Écrins (4,102 m) the highest.

Administratively the French part of the range belongs to the French departments of Isère, Hautes-Alpes and Savoie.

The whole range is drained by the Rhone river through its tributaries.


The chief peaks of the Dauphiné Alps are:

Peak elevation
m ft
Barre des Écrins 4,102 13,458
Meije 3,987 13,081
Ailefroide 3,954 12,972
Mont Pelvoux 3,946 12,946
Pic Sans Nom 3,913 12,838
Pic Gaspard 3,880 12,730
Pic Coolidge 3,756 12,323
Grande Ruine 3,754 12,316
Le Râteau 3,754 12,316
Les Bans 3,669 12,037
Montagne des Agneaux 3,660 12,008
Sommet des Rouies 3,634 11,923
Aiguille du Plat de la Selle 3,596 11,798
Olan 3,564 11,693
Pic Bonvoisin 3,560 11,680
Aiguilles d'Arves (highest point) 3,514 11,529
Peak elevation
m ft
Pic Bayle 3,465 11,368
Roche de la Muzelle 3,459 11,348
Sirac 3,438 11,280
Pic Felix Neff 3,222 10,571
Vieux Chaillol 3,163 10,377
Tete de Vautisse 3,162 10,374
Grand Pinier 3,120 10,236
Pic de Parieres 3,050 10,007
Mourre Froid 2,996 9,829
Grand Pic de Belledonne 2,977 9,767
Rocherblanc (Sept Laux) 2,931 9,616
Le Taillefer 2,861 9,386
Tete de l'Obiou 2,793 9,163
Pic du Frene 2,810 9,219
Grand Ferrand 2,761 9,058
Pic de Bure (Aurouse) 2,712 8,898


The chief passes of the Dauphiné Alps are:

name location type elevation
m ft
Brèche de la Meije La Berarde to la Grave snow3,300 10,827
Brèche des Grandes Rousses Allemont to Clavans snow3,100 10,171
Brèche de Valsenestre Bourg d'Oisans to Valsenestre foot path2,634 8,642
Col Bayard La Mure to Gap road1,246 4,088
Col de la Casse Deserte La Berarde to La Grave snow3,510 11,516
Col de la Croix de Fer Bourg d'Oisans to Saint-Jean-d'Arves road2,062 6,765
Col de la Croix Haute Grenoble to Serres and Gap road, railroad1,167 3,829
Col de la Lauze Saint-Christophe-en-Oisans to La Grave snow3,543 11,624
Col de l'Alpe de Vénosc Vénosc to Les Deux Alpes bridle path1,660 5,446
Col de la Muande St Christophe to the Val Gaudemar snow3,059 10,036
Col de la Muzelle St Christophe to Valsenestre foot path2,500 8,202
Col d'Arsine La Grave to Le Monêtier-les-Bains bridle path2,400 7,874
Col de la Temple La Berarde to Vallouise snow3,283 10,771
Col de la Vaurze Val Gaudemar to Valjouffrey foot path2,600 8,530
Col de l'Eychauda Vallouise to Le Monêtier-les-Bains bridle path2,429 7,969
Col de l'Infernet La Grave to Saint-Jean-d'Arves foot path2,690 8,825
Col de Martignare La Grave to Saint-Jean-d'Arves foot path2,600 8,530
Col des Aiguilles d'Arves Valloire to Saint-Jean-d'Arves snow3,150 10,335
Col des Avalanches La Berarde to Vallouise snow3,511 11,519
Col des Ecrins La Berarde to Vallouise snow3,415 11,204
Col des Prés Nouveaux Le Freney to Saint-Jean-d'Arves bridle path2,293 7,523
Col des Quirlies Saint-Jean-d'Arves to Clavans snow2,950 9,678
Col des Sept Laux Allevard to Bourg d'Oisans bridle path2,184 7,165
Col des Tourettes Orcières to Châteauroux-les-Alpes bridle path2,580 8,465
Col de Val Estrete Val Gaudemar to Champoléon foot path2,620 8,596
Col de Vallonpierre Val Gaudemar to Champoléon foot path2,620 8,596
Col d'Orcières Dormillouse to Orcières bridle path2,700 8,858
Col d'Ornon Bourg d'Oisans to La Mure road1,360 4,462
Col du Clot des Cavales La Berarde to La Grave snow3,128 10,262
Col du Galibier Col du Lautaret to Saint-Michel-de-Maurienne road2,658 8,720
Col du Glacier Blanc La Grave to Vallouise snow3,308 10,853
Col du Glandon Bourg d'Oisans to La Chambre road1,951 6,401
Col du Goleon La Grave to Valloire foot path2,880 9,449
Col du Lautaret Briançon to Bourg d'Oisans road2,075 6,808
Col du Loup du Valgaudemar Vallouise to the Val Gaudemar snow3,112 10,210
Col du Says La Berarde to the Val Gaudemar snow3,136 10,289
Col du Sele La Berarde to Vallouise snow3,302 10,833
Col du Sellar Vallouise to the Val Gaudemar snow3,067 10,062
Col Emile Pic La Grave to Vallouise snow3,502 11,490
Col Lombard La Grave to Saint-Jean-d'Arves snow3,100 10,171
Pas de la Cavale Vallouise to Champoléon dirt road2,740 8,990



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