DB Cargo UK

DB Cargo UK
Industry Rail freight
Predecessor Loadhaul
Mainline Freight
Rail Express Systems
Railfreight Distribution
Transrail Freight
Founded 1995
Headquarters Doncaster, England
Area served
United Kingdom
Key people
Edward Burkhardt (Chairman & CEO 1995–1999)[1]
Keith Heller (CEO / Co-chairman) 2004–2010[2][3]
Alain Thauvette CEO[4]
Services Bulk freight and intermodal logistics
Owner Deutsche Bahn
Parent DB Schenker
Subsidiaries Euro Cargo Rail
Axiom Rail
Website www.uk.dbcargo.com

DB Cargo UK, formerly DB Schenker Rail UK and English, Welsh & Scottish Railway, is a British rail freight company headquartered in Doncaster, England.

The company was founded in 1995 as North & South Railways, acquiring five of the six freight companies sold during the privatisation of British Rail,[note 1] becoming the UK market leader in rail freight transportation. In November 2007, EWS was sold to Deutsche Bahn, and in January 2009 rebranded DB Schenker. In March 2016 it was rebranded DB Cargo UK.



In 1988, British Rail's (BR) freight operations were split into two divisions Railfreight Distribution (RfD) and Trainload Freight (TLF).[5] RfD took over BR's Freightliner and Speedlink services and general wagonload and trainload services, excluding bulk coal, petroleum, aggregates and metals.[6] BR's bulk trainload services were handled by the Trainload Freight division.[7][8] In 1991 the Rail Express Systems brand was created, to handle mail and postal services.[9]

After the passing of the Railways Act 1993, five rail freight companies were formed from RfD and TLF.[5][10] On 1 April 1994,TLF was split into three separate geographical businesses: Trainload North East, Trainload West and Trainload South East, with each initially given existing contracts based on the geographic origin of the trainflow, plus some contract trainload services previously handled by RfD.[11][12] which were later renamed Loadhaul, Mainline Freight and Transrail Freight.[12][13][14]

The remainder of RfD was split into two companies: Freightliner (container operations between ports), with the residual RfD company operating freight trains through the Channel Tunnel.[5] The Mail and Parcels business were sold as Rail Express Systems and Red Star Parcels.[10]

These companies were subsequently put up for sale by competitive tender.[15]

English, Welsh & Scottish Railway

EWS liveried Class 66 and coal wagons near Tupton, Derbyshire in May 2011
EWS liveried Class 92 at Crewe Works in June 2003

To bid for the ex-BR businesses being offered for sale, North and South Railways Limited was formed.[16] It was owned by a consortium headed by Wisconsin Central,[5][17] with additional financing provided by Berkshire Partners, Goldman Sachs and Fay Richwhite.[18]

On 9 December 1995, North and South Railways purchased Rail Express Systems for £24 million.[19][20] With this came the contract for the Royal Mail train service, including the Travelling Post Office trains, and the contract to haul the Royal Train.[21] A fleet of 164 locomotives and 677 postal vans were included along with depots at Bristol Barton Hill, Cambridge, Crewe and London Euston.[22]

Then on 24 February 1996, British Rail's three trainload freight companies, Loadhaul, Mainline Freight and Transrail Freight were acquired for £225 million.[19][20] The sale included 914 locomotives and 19,310 wagons.[23]

All four companies were subsequently merged into North and South Railways,[24] nullifying the government's effort to create multiple competitive rail freight firms through the privatisation;[25] the decision to allow the creation of a rail freight company with a dominant market position was justified by the additional competition faced from other transport modes.[17][26] At the time rail had a 6% share of the freight market.[27]

Initially, the four companies continued to trade under their existing names. On 25 April 1996, the EWS brand was unveiled.[28][29]

On 10 July 1996 the holding company's name was changed to English, Welsh & Scottish Railway Holdings Limited.[16] In October 1996, Loadhaul and Mainline Freight were merged with Transrail Freight, and employees transferred to Transrail Freight, which was then renamed to English, Welsh & Scottish Railway Limited.[30][31]

One of the first actions of the enlarged company was to seek volunteers for redundancy, as it sought to reduce staff numbers by around 3,000, from 7,600.[32]

On 24 December 1996, EWS was announced as the preferred bidder for the loss-making Railfreight Distribution,[33][34] for which it received grants and subsidies estimated to amount to £242 million over eight years .[35] including subsidies for the use of the Channel Tunnel.[36] Railfreight Distribution's businesses included international containerised freight, movement of cars and automotive components by rail, and freight services for the Ministry of Defence. The sale included 157 locomotives.[34] It was concluded on 12 March 1997.[37] At this point, EWS controlled 90% of the rail freight market.[38] Railfreight Distribution was renamed English Welsh & Scottish Railway International on 1 December 1998.[24][33]

The new company had over 900 locomotives, 19,000 freight wagons, and 7,000 employees. Track access charges were renegotiated and after 1,800 job redundancies the workers involved in profit sharing and other incentivised working plans; as a result shipping rates were reduced by over 30%.[39] Many locomotives inherited on foundation were considered unreliable, and expensive to maintain;[40] the company invested heavily in modernisation of its rolling stock; by 2002 £750 million had been invested,[41] including 280 new locomotives and over 2,000 new wagons.[42][note 2]

Services included mail, locomotive hire, wagonload traffic (branded 'Enterprise', founded by Transrail Freight), cross channel trains via the Channel Tunnel, trainload freight including oil, aggregates, cement and traffic related to the coal, electricity generation and steel industries, and infrastructure trains for Railtrack.[43] Following privatisation EWS began to compete for Intermodal contracts,[note 3] while it faced competition from Freightliner in its core markets.[44][45] Turnover in 1999 was £533.7 million, an 80% market share by value.[46]

On 1 April 1998, open access operator National Power's rail division was taken over with six Class 59 locomotives and 106 wagons.[47][42]

In January 2001, the Canadian National Railway announced it had agreed to purchase Wisconsin Central.[48] The deal, which included Wisconsin Central's 42.5% stake in EWS, was concluded in October 2001.[30][49]

The contract with Royal Mail was lost in 2003 to road transport.[50][51] EWS acquired the assets of wagon bogie company, Probotec Limited in 2005,[52][53][note 4] It was formed into a new subsidiary, Axiom Rail that also took over responsibility for some of the depots and leasing surplus locomotives overseas.[57]

In October 2005, a subsidiary in France trading as Euro Cargo Rail commenced operating.[58][59][60] Several Class 66 locomotives were transferred.

In November 2005, EWS acquired wagon maintenance business Marcroft.[38] As a result of the potential of the acquisition to reduce competition in the UK wagon repair market the acquisition was referred to the Competition Commission by the Office of Fair Trading, who required EWS to sell all or part of the business excluding Marcroft's works at Stoke on Trent.[61] That was incorporated into the Axiom business.

By 2006, turnover was approaching £1 billion.[62] In 2006 the Office of Rail Regulation fined the company £4.1million for anti-competitive practices in the coal haulage business, in which it had held a near monopoly, following complaints by Enron and Freightliner Heavy Haul in 2001 and 2002.[63][64][note 5]

DB Cargo UK

DB Schenker liveried 59206 at the National Railway Museum, York in January 2009

On 28 June 2007, Deutsche Bahn announced it had agreed to purchase EWS, subject to receiving regulatory approval.[66][67] for £309 million[68] At the time EWS had a market share of around 70% in the United Kingdom and around 5,000 employees.[69] After the transaction was approved by the European Commissioner for Competition,[70][71] the sale was completed on 13 November 2007.[72]

At the time of the sale, it was announced that EWS would not be rebranded,[73] but on 1 January 2009, EWS was rebranded as DB Schenker along with Deutsche Bahn's Railion and DB Schenker divisions.[74][75]

The first locomotive painted in DB Schenker livery was Class 59 59206 at Toton Depot in January 2009,[76] being formally unveiled at the National Railway Museum, York on 21 January 2009.[77][78] [note 6]

Class 90 90018 The Pride of Bellshill in DB Schenker colours on a freight working in October 2016

In 2009, DB Schenker Rail began work to enable Class 92 hauled trains to operate freight services on the High Speed 1 by installing in cab TVM signalling. The project received funding from the European Commission and it was originally anticipated services would begin in early 2010.[80] On 25 March 2011, for the first time a modified class 92 locomotive travelled from Dollands Moor to Singlewell using the TVM430 signalling system.[81] The first of five planned test trains ran as a loaded container train from Hams Hall, West Midlands to Novara, Italy on 27 May 2011.[82][83][84] DB planned to upgrade an additional five Class 92 locomotives to allow them to run on High Speed 1, making a fleet of six.[85][86][87]

In July 2011, a trial run of wagons carrying curtain walled swap bodies built to a larger European loading gauge was run from Dollands Moor, Folkestone to east London.[88] From 11 November 2011 a weekly service using European sized swap bodies has run between Barking, London and Wroclaw, Poland using High Speed 1.[89][90]

On 2 March 2016, DB Schenker was rebranded as DB Cargo UK.[91]

Services and rolling stock

Rolling stock

37411 at Carlisle station on an Arriva Trains Northern service in August 2004

EWS inherited a fleet of 1,231 locomotives from its British Rail acquisitions.[22][23][34]

In May 1996, an order for 250 Class 66s and 30 Class 67s was placed.[92] These replaced all of the 20, 31, 33, 37, 47, 56, 58, 73 and 86 class locomotives.[93] Through improved utilisation, they also replaced many of the newer 60 and 90 class locomotives.

Several of these redundant locomotives saw further use on infrastructure trains in Europe with Class 37s operated in France (40), Italy (2) and Spain (14),[94][95][96] Class 56s in France (30),[97] and Class 58s in France (26), the Netherlands (3) and Spain (8).[97][98]

EWS gained the attention of the Rail Regulator for scrapping serviceable locomotives rather than making them available for sale to potential competitors.[99]

As well as an extensive fleet of freight wagons, DB Schenker Rail operate a small fleet of Mark 2 and Mark 3 carriages. Some of the former are on lease to First ScotRail for use on Fife Circle services,[100] while the latter form the DB Schenker Company Train.[101][102][103]


DB Schenker's primary maintenance depot is Toton.[104] The electric fleet is maintained at Crewe. With a modern fleet requiring less maintenance, many of the depots EWS inherited have closed.[105] Some of its other facilities including Bristol Barton Hill, Cambridge, Eastleigh and Newcastle have been transferred to fellow Deutsche Bahn subsidiary LNWR.[106][107]

In 2001, EWS commenced a contract to service Virgin CrossCountry's Class 220/221 fleets at Bristol Barton Hill, Eastleigh, Newcastle, Old Oak Common and Three Bridges.[108]

Locomotive haulage for Passenger services

Since its inception, EWS has provided locomotives for the Caledonian Sleeper.[109] It inherited the contract from Rail Express Systems to provide Class 37 and Class 47s north of Edinburgh Waverley. In March 1998, it also began hauling the services south from Edinburgh Waverley and Glasgow Central to London Euston with Class 90s.[110]

Class 67s replaced the Class 37s and Class 47s in the early 2000s.[111][112] This work has now ceased operating on 31 March 2015.[113] In April 2003, EWS purchased the Rail Charter Services business from William McAlpine with 70 Mark 1 carriages.[114]

As of October 2014, Class 67s haul passenger services for Arriva Trains Wales,[115] Chiltern Railways[116] and First ScotRail.[112] Class 67s are also used as Thunderbird rescue locomotives for East Coast.[117] EWS also provides locomotives for the Venice-Simplon Orient Express.[118]

EWS have previously hauled passenger trains for Anglia Railways,[119] Arriva Trains Northern,[120] First Great Western[121] First North Western,[122] National Express East Anglia, Valley Lines, Virgin CrossCountry[123] Virgin West Coast and Wrexham & Shropshire.[124]

Since its inception, EWS has held the contract to operate the Royal Train. Initially two Class 47s were dedicated to this work.[125] These were replaced in 2004 by two Class 67s.[126][127]

From September 2016 Virgin Trains East Coast will hire a class 90 from DB Cargo on their Newark North Gate services and possibly if required services to Leeds and York the loco will be based at Bounds Green.


In April 1996, EWS adopted a maroon and yellow livery.[28] Initial repaints carried EW&S lettering, however this was simplified to EWS in January 1997.[128][129] In January 2009, the DB Schenker corporate red livery was adopted.[77][78] A few locomotives have been repainted in other liveries including Class 90s in GNER, First ScotRail and Direct Rail Services liveries, and Class 67s in Royal Train, Wrexham & Shropshire and unbranded Arriva Trains Wales liveries.[130][131][132][133]

Steam Operations

Alongside DB Cargo's regular work some steam charters are operated in the UK by steam locomotives on DB Cargo's operating licence. DB unlike the other company West Coast Railways however only operate steam locos which are fitted with air brakes.

Updated: 2 December 2016, 8:47pm

Key: Operational Under Repair Expired Mainline Certificate/Withdrawn from Service/Stored Under overhaul/restoration/construction Due to be certified in future Undergoing testing/Mainline Certification Operational, Heritage Railway/Museum
Number Name Class Livery Owner Tops No Mainline until Max Speed Air Brk's Location Photograph Notes
2007[134] Prince of Wales LNER P2 2-8-2 N/A A1 Steam Locomotive Trust 98### - 75 mph Yes Darlington
5029 Nunney Castle GWR "Castle" 4-6-0 N/A Jeremy Hosking 98728 - 75 mph Yes Crewe LNWR
6024 King Edward I GWR "King" 4-6-0 N/A Royal Scot Locomotive and General Trust 98824 - 75 mph Yes Minehead
34046 Braunton SR "West Country" 4-6-2 BR Green, Late Crest Jeremy Hosking 98746 2023 75 mph Yes Southall Currently outshopped as 34052 Lord Dowding.
35028 Clan Line SR "Merchant Navy" 4-6-2 BR Green, Late Crest Merchant Navy Locomotive Preservation Society 98828 - 75 mph Yes Crewe LNWR
46100 Royal Scot LMS "Royal Scot" 4-6-0 BR Green, Early Emblem Royal Scot Locomotive and General Trust 98701 2022 75 mph Yes Southall
6201 Princess Elizabeth LMS "Princess Royal" 4-6-2 LMS Crimson Princess Elizabeth Loco. Soc. 98801 2023 75 mph Yes Southall
46233 Duchess of Sutherland LMS "Princess Coronation" 4-6-2 BR Green, Early Emblem Princess Royal Class Loco. Trust 98834 2019 75 mph Yes Southall
60007 Sir Nigel Gresley LNER A4 4-6-2 BR Blue Sir Nigel Gresley Locomotive Trust 98898 - 75 mph Yes York NRM
60009 Union of South Africa LNER A4 4-6-2 BR Green, Late Crest John Cameron 98809 2019 75 mph Yes Bury
4464 Bittern LNER A4 4-6-2 LNER Garter Blue Jeremy Hosking 98819 - 75 mph Yes Crewe LNWR
60103 Flying Scotsman LNER A3 4-6-2 BR Green, Late Crest National Collection 98872 2023 75 mph Yes York NRM
60163[135] Tornado LNER A1 4-6-2 BR Apple Green A1 Steam Locomotive Trust 98863 2022 75 mph Yes Stewarts Lane
60532 Blue Peter LNER A2 4-6-2 N/A Royal Scot Locomotive and General Trust 98832 - 75 mph No Crewe LNWR
70000 Britannia BR Standard Class 7 4-6-2 BR Green, Early Emblem Royal Scot Locomotive and General Trust 98700 2017 75 mph Yes Crewe LNWR
71000 Duke of Gloucester BR Standard Class 8 4-6-2 N/A Class 8 Steam Locomotive Trust 98802 - 75 mph Yes Tyseley LW Will emerge with the early emblem after overhaul

See also


  1. The sixth rail freight company created during privatisation, Freightliner, was privatised through a management buyout.
  2. The main orders were: 250 EMD Series 66 locomotives from GM-EMD built in USA/Canada, 30 JT 42HW-HS from Alstom / Electro Motive Diesel (Spain/USA), and around 2500 wagons from Thrall Car Manufacturing Company, built at the Thrall Europa, York works.
  3. After 2002 began intermodal services from the ports of Felixstowe, Southampton, and Tilbury.[24]
  4. Probotec was formed 2004 from Powell Duffryn Rail.[54] Powell Duffryn Rail originated as the Cambrian Wagon Company, registered 1905, numerous amalgamations and changes of shareholding, became part of Powell Duffryn in 1935;[55] also acquired the Gloucester Railway Carriage and Wagon Company in 1986.[56]
  5. Complaints made in 2003 alleging predatory pricing in the passenger charter sector were not upheld.[65]
  6. Previously two EWS locomotives had received DB Schenker branding — including a light blue British Rail Class 60 60074 named "Teenage Cancer Trust"[79]


  1. "Edward A. Burkhardt". www.railword.com (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 6 July 2011.
  2. Phillips, Don (25 August 2005). "Free Flow: Getting the French on board". www.nytimes.com. New York Times.
  3. "Keith Heller's contribution to the railway honoured with locomotive naming". www.rail.dbschenker.co.uk. DB Schenker UK. 19 January 2010.
  4. "Alain Thauvette , Member of the Management Board of DB Schenker Rail (Region West)". www.dbschenker.com. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Butcher 2011, p. 13.
  6. ECMT 2001, p. 68.
  7. Haywood, Russ (2009). Railways, urban development and town planning in Britain: 1948–2008. Ashgate Publishing. p. 150.
  8. Parker 2012, p. 479.
  9. ECMT 2001, p. 67.
  10. 1 2 Parker 2012, pp. 479–480.
  11. "New identities for freight companies", Rail (221): 13, 2 March 1994
  12. 1 2 ECMT 2001, p. 70.
  13. "New freight identities revealed", Rail (231): 8, 20 July 1994
  14. "Bright new identies for TLF businesses" The Railway Magazine issue 1121 September 1994 page 12
  15. Parker 2012, pp. 479–482.
  16. 1 2 Companies House extract company no 3116332 DB Schenker Rail (UK) Holdings Limited formerly English, Welsh & Scottish Railway Holdings Limited formerly North & South Railways Limited
  17. 1 2 Parker 2012, p. 480.
  18. "German rail giant confirms £300m deal for EWS shares". The Daily Telegraph. 29 June 2007.
  19. 1 2 "The Sale of Rail Freight Distribution" (PDF). Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions / National Audit Office. 26 March 1999. p. 2.
  20. 1 2 "Rail Privatisation". hansard.millbanksystems.com. Hansard, House of Commons. 27 December 1996. volume 296, 275W.
  21. Nash & Fowkes 2004, p. 67.
  22. 1 2 "Confirmed – Wisconsin Central buys Rail express systems" Rail issue 268 20 December 1995 page 9
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  24. 1 2 3 Thalmann, Philippe (2004). The dynamics of freight transport development: a UK and Swiss comparison. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. pp. 34–36. ISBN 0-7546-3756-5.
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  30. 1 2 ORR 2006, p. 6
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  32. Wolmar, Christian (5 April 1996), "Rail freight to slash workforce", www.independent.co.uk, The Independent
  33. 1 2 Companies House extract company no 3232475 DB Schenker Rail International Limited formerly English, Welsh & Scottish Railway International Limited formerly Railfreight Distribution Limited
  34. 1 2 3 "English, Welsh & Scottish set to take over Railfreight Distribution" Rail issue 296 15 January 1997 page 9
  35. Sale of RfD 1999
  36. Horsman, Matthew (26 December 1996). "BR prefers US firm as freight bidder". www.independent.co.uk. The Independent.
  37. "RfD sale to EWS formally agreed" Rail issue 301 26 March 1997 page 10
  38. 1 2 "The complete rise and fall of EWS " Rail issue 612 25 February 2009 pages 62–65
  39. Jay P. Pederson, ed. (1999). "Wisconsin Central Transportation Corporation". International Directory of Company Histories. 24. St. James Press.
  40. Hollingsworth, Brian (2000). "Class 66 Co-Co freight locomotive". Illustrated Directory of Trains of the World. MBI Publishing Company. p. 468. ISBN 0-7603-0891-8.
  41. House of Commons. Transport Committee, ed. (2003). "Mr Graham Smith, Planning Director and Mr Allen Mardsen, English, Welsh & Scottish Railway (EWS) examined". Ports: Oral and written evidence. The Stationery Office. pp. EV 16 – EV 18.
  42. 1 2 Nash & Fowkes 2004, p. 71.
  43. Nash & Fowkes 2004, pp. 67, 69–72, 72–73.
  44. Nash & Fowkes 2004, p. 68, 72.
  45. "Freightliner Heavy Haul division challenges EWS" The Railway Magazine issue 1186 February 2000 page 6
  46. Nash & Fowkes 2004, p. 79.
  47. "EWS to acquire National Power's entire rail division from next April", Rail (312): 6, 27 August 1997
  48. Canadian railway to buy Wisconsin Central New York Times 31 January 2001
  49. "EWS comes under CN" The Railway Magazine issue 1208 December 2001 page 15
  50. Jones, Alan (6 June 2003). "Royal Mail switches post transport from rail to road and air". www.independent.co.uk. The Independent.
  51. "Mail trains to be scrapped", BBC News, 6 June 2003
  52. "EWS acquires Probotec", www.worldcargonews.com, May 2005
  53. "EWS acquires Probotec assets", Logistics & Transport Focus, 7 (5): 14, June 2005
  54. "Industry News in Brief", www.railwaygazette.com, 1 June 2004, Powell Duffryn Rail [has been] renamed Probotec Ltd, a name 'derived from Professional Bogie Technologies'.
  55. Burns, Hayden (December 2003), "Glamorgan Archives – Cambrian Wagon Works Ltd and Powell Duffryn Wagon Co. Ltd records", www.archiveswales.org.uk
  56. Moody's International Manual, 3: 6792, 1995 Missing or empty |title= (help)
  57. "Axiom gets its act together", Rail (555): 42–43, 20 December 2006
  58. Euro Cargo Rail Third Rail Freight Operator in France infrasite.net 11 April 2005
  59. Press Euro Cargo Rail
  60. "Euro Cargo Rail" Rail issue 667 6 April 2011 page 67
  61. EWS Railway Holdings Limited / Marcroft Holdings Limited merger inquiry, Competition Commission, 12 September 2006
  62. House of Commons: Transport Committee, ed. (2008). Freight transport: eighth report of session 2007–08. The Stationery Office. p. EV 80.
  63. Wright, Robert (17 November 2006), "Rail regulator fines EWS in competition case", www.ft.com
  64. ORR 2006, pp. 1–5, §1–17.
  65. English Welsh and Scottish Railway – No. 3/12/2003 – Decision by the Rail Regulator under the Competition Act 1998, Office of Fair Trading
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  67. "Deutsche Bahn plans takeover of EWS and Transfesa". Deutsche Bahn. 28 June 2007. Archived from the original on 5 July 2007. Retrieved 28 June 2007.
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  70. Case No COMP/M.4746 – Deutsche Bahn / English Welsh & Scottish Railway Holdings (EWS) (PDF), Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 6 November 2007
  71. "Go-ahead for EWS sale to German Railways" The Railway Magazine issue 1281 January 2008 page 8
  72. Annual Accounts for 9 months ended 31 December 2007: English Welsh & Scottish Railway Holdings Limited
  73. Falkner, James (29 June 2007). "DB gets go-ahead for rail takeovers". International Freighting Weekly. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011.
  74. "EWS to rebrand as DB Schenker in new year". ifw-net.com. 17 December 2008. Archived from the original on 4 January 2009.
  75. "EWS becomes DB Schenker" Rail issue 608 31 December 2008 page 17
  76. "Class 59 is first to receive UK DB Schenker German livery" Rail issue 610 28 January 2009 page 7
  77. 1 2 "DB Schenker unveils new look for UK rail freight at the National Railway Museum, York" (Press release). DB Schenker. 21 January 2009.
  78. 1 2 "DB Schenker unveils new look" The Railway Magazine issue 1295 March 2009 page 11
  79. "Media Center". Retrieved 15 October 2010.
  80. Sources:
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    "Freight trains set to use High Speed 1". DB Schenker Rail. 16 April 2009. Archived from the original on 25 April 2009.
  81. articles with dead external links%5d%5d%5b%5bCategory:Articles with dead external links from December 2016%5d%5d%5b%5bCategory:Articles with permanently dead external links%5d%5d "European sized rail freight to arrive in the UK soon, following successful locomotive trial" Check |url= value (help) (Press release). DB Schenker Rail (UK). 25 March 2011.
  82. "DB Schenker Rail operates first freight train over High Speed 1" (Press release). DB Schenker Rail (UK). 27 May 2011. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011.
  83. "First freight on High Speed 1". Railway Gazette International. London. 29 May 2011.
  84. "Inaugural freight train on HS1" The Railway Magazine issue 1324 August 2011 page 9
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  86. "Locomotives upgraded for European rail freight services on High Speed 1". Press Releases. DB Schenker Rail (UK). 7 October 2011. investment will give DB Schenker Rail UK a fleet of six High Speed 1 enabled locomotives
  87. "More Class 92 freights on HS1" The Railway Magazine issue 1329 January 2012 page 87
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  89. Silvester, Katie (December 2011), "Rail Professional interview: Alain Thauvette", www.railpro.co.uk, Rail Professional, archived from the original on 20 April 2012
  90. "DB Schenker delivers first Poland to UK service", www.rail.dbschenker.co.uk, DB Schenker Rail (UK), 15 November 2011
  91. The UK's leading rail freight company announces rebrand DB Cargo UK 2 March 2016
  92. "EWSR orders 250 new locomotives", Rail (280): 6, 5 June 1996
  93. "EWS has big loco switch-off" The Railway Magazine issue 1236 April 2004 page 64
  94. "British Beef is Alive and Kicking in France", Rail (371): 30–35, 1 December 1999
  95. "EWS confirms 37s for its Italian work", Rail (413): 56, 11 July 2001
  96. "EWS wins 37 Spanish work", Rail (397): 15, 29 November 2000
  97. 1 2 France wnxx.com
  98. "Class 58 ACTS the part", Rail (489): 40–45, 9 June 2004
  99. "EWS must sell, not scrap its locomotives says Regulator", Rail (356): 12, 5 May 1999
  100. "DB Schenker to continue passenger services", Rail (673): 36–37, 29 June 2011
  101. EWS Executive Train Scot-rail
  102. "EWS to create touring train with four Mk 3s", Rail (489): 14, 9 June 2004
  103. "Silver 67 for EWS executive train" The Railway Magazine issue 1244 December 2004 page 7
  104. "Making the Class 60s super again" Rail issue 730 4 September 2013 page 48
  105. End of the line for Thornaby Railway Magazine 3 August 2011
  106. Depot integration puts Arriva's LNWR on track for future growth Global Rail News 5 May 2011
  107. "Four DB Schenker depots taken over by L&NWR" The Railway Magazine issue 1323 July 2011 page 81
  108. "New depots shared by EWS and Virgin" The Railway Magazine issue 1205 September 2001 page 73
  109. EWS awarded Sleeper contract Rail Technology Magazine 1 December 2005
  110. "Scottish sleeper power" The Railway Magazine issue 1166 June 1998 page 56
  111. "Highland sleepers awake after five-month break" Rail issue 408 2 May 2001 page 50
  112. 1 2 Class 67 locomotives take to the West Highland Line ScotRail 6 June 2006
  113. "The Sleepers are stirring" Rail issue 756 3 September 2014 page 70
  114. "Fear and trepidation as EWS acquires RCS" The Railway Magazine issue 1226 June 2003 page 91
  115. Changeover day North Wales Coast Railway Noticeboard 26 March 2012
  116. Chiltern to employ Vossloh Class 68 power for Mainline services Rail Express 22 August 2014
  117. Thunderbirds are go for rail firm BBC News 25 May 2003
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  119. "Anglia opts for EWS Class 90s" The Railway Magazine issue 1232 December 2003 page 63
  120. "Loco-hauled trains back on the S&C" The Railway Magazine issue 1229 1 September 2003 page 7
  121. First Great Western Taunton Trains
  122. "More locomotive haulage on North Wales coast", Rail (361): 55, 14 July 1999
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  128. "Rail reader's EWS logo unveiled at Toton depot", Rail (297): 8/9, 29 January 1997
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  130. "First GNER 90 unveiled", Rail (359): 50, 16 June 1999
  131. "Operating enhancements for First Scotrail sleeper to be delivered by EWS and Axiom Rail", ews-railway.co.uk, 26 May 2006, archived from the original on 13 June 2006}
  132. "Virgin hires DB Class 90 via DRS" Rail issue 739 8 January 2014 page 13
  133. "Arriva blue for Class 67" The Railway Magazine issue 1327 November 2011 page 81
  134. 2007 Prince of Wales P2 Steam Locomotive Trust
  135. 60163 Tornado Al Steam Locomotive Trust


Further reading

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