Crown Colony of Malacca

British Crown Colony
State of the Federation of Malaya
Flag Coat of arms
God Save the King/Queen
Location of Malacca
Capital Malacca Town
Languages English, Malay, Chinese and Indian languages
Government British Crown colony
   1946–1952 George VI
  1952–1957 Elizabeth II
  1956–1957 Maurice John Hayward (acting)
Historical era Post-war · Cold War
   Dissolution of the Straits Settlements 1 April 1946
   Independence as part of the Federation of Malaya 31 August 1957
Currency Malayan dollar
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Straits Settlements
Federation of Malaya
Today part of  Malaysia

Malacca was a British Crown colony from 1946 to 1957. It came under British sovereignty after the signing of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824, and had been part of the Straits Settlements until 1946.[1]

During World War II, it was occupied by the Japanese from 1942 to 1945. After the post-war dissolution of the Straits Settlements Penang and Malacca become crown colonies in the Federation of Malaya, while Singapore became a standalone crown colony, separate from Malaya.[2] In 1955, Tunku Abdul Rahman held a meeting with the British to discuss the end of British rule in Malacca with a merger with Malayan Union (which was then replaced by Federation of Malaya). On 31 August 1957, when Malaya achieved its independence from the United Kingdom, Malacca was integrated as part of the federation, which later known as Malaysia when it merged with another territories in British Borneo.[3]


  1. A. GUTHRIE (of the Straits Settlements, and OTHERS.) (1861). The British Possessions in the Straits of Malacca. [An Address to the Secretary of State for the Colonies, Signed by A. Guthrie and Others, and Dated April 20th, 1861, in Reference to the Transfer of the Administration of the British Possessions in the Straits of Malacca to the Colonial Office.]. pp. 1–.
  2. "The Straits Settlements is Dissolved". National Library Board, Singapore. 1 April 1946. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  3. Cheah Boon Kheng (June 2009). "The Communist Insurgency in Malaysia, 1948–90: Contesting the Nation-State and Social Change" (PDF). National University of Singapore. New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies. p. 133/2. Retrieved 18 October 2015.

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