Crosses of Naval Merit

Crosses of Naval Merit

Template of Crosses Naval Merit Decorations
Awarded by Spain
Type Decoration of merit (formerly order of merit)
(formerly Order of Naval Merit)
Eligibility Military personnel, Guardia Civil, civilian personnel
Status Currently awarded
Established 3 August 1864
Next (higher) Medalla Naval
Equivalent Crosses of Military Merit
Crosses of Aeronautical Merit
Next (lower) Distinguished Service Award
(Without Insignia)
Mention in Dispatches
(Without Insignia)[1]
Royal and Military Order of St Hermenegild[2]

Crosses of Naval Merit (Spanish: Cruces del Mérito Naval) are a Spanish military award for gallantry or merit in war or peace. Awarded to members of the Spanish Naval Forces, Guardia Civil or civilians.

History and Attribution

Established on 3 August 1864 by Queen Isabella IIas the Order of Naval Merit (Spanish: Orden del Mérito Naval) and amended many times (in 1918, 1926, 1931, 1938, 1942, 1976, 1995, 2003 and 2007). During the Spanish Civil War it was recognized by both sides of the conflict. Awarded originally in four classes, nowadays it lost the rank of an order of merit and the classes were reduced to two and the number of categories extended to four.

According to the current regulations the decoration is conferred in the following classes:

The categories are as follows:

Multiple awards of each class and each category to the same individual are possible.

Insignia and Ribbons

The decoration has the form of a Greek cross with the arms enameled red in the Red Decoration category and white in the remaining categories. The Blue Decoration and Yellow Decoration badges have additional narrow bars in blue or yellow across the lower and lateral arms. The upper arm is surmounted by a Spanish royal crown and has a tablet to engrave the date of bestowal. The round central shield of the obverse bears the coat of arms of Castile, León, Aragon, Navarre and Granada (until 2003 only alternate coats of arms of Castile and León); in the middle there is a blue oval shield (escutcheon) of the House of Bourbon-Anjou. On the reverse there are letters "MM" (Mérito Militar) on red background. The cross is worn on a ribbon on the left side of chest. Each subsequent award is denoted by a bar with the date of bestowal on the ribbon.

The Grand Cross has the same form as the cross described above but is worn on a sash over the right shoulder.

The star added to the class of Grand Cross is gilt, eight-pointed, with the cross superimposed on it; currently between the arms of the cross there are alternate towers (Castile) and lions (León).

Grand Cross - Red Decoration

Grand Cross - Blue Decoration

Grand Cross - Yellow Decoration

Grand Cross - White Decoration

Cross - Red Decoration

Cross - Blue Decoration

Cross - Yellow Decoration

Cross- White Decoration


External links

See also

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 6/13/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.