Croatian presidential election, 1992

Croatian presidential election, 1992
2 August 1992

Turnout 74.9%
Nominee Franjo Tuđman Dražen Budiša Savka Dabčević-Kučar
Popular vote 1,519,100 585,535 161,242
Percentage 56.73% 21.87%% 6.02%

President before election

Franjo Tuđman

Elected President

Franjo Tuđman

Presidential elections were held in Croatia for the first time on 2 August 1992 alongside simultaneous parliamentary elections.[1] The result was a victory for incumbent Franjo Tuđman of the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), who received 56.7% of the vote, becoming the first popularly elected president of Croatia. Voter turnout was 74.9%.[2]

The 1,519,000 votes received by Tuđman remains the highest number of votes won by any president to date. Having previously been selected as president by Parliament, he was sworn in for his first constitutional five-year term as president on 12 August 1992 at Saint Mark's square in Zagreb.


The elections were criticised by international observers, who noted several problems, including issues with opposition access to state media, the timing of the election and the impartiality of officials.[3] The timing was deemed to be favourable to the HDZ government, who had delayed approving electoral laws in violation of the country's new constitution.[3] The period of time between the announcement of the elections and the election date itself was considered "unusually short", making it difficult for opposition parties and election officials to prepare.[3] The elections were also scheduled for a holiday, when a significant number of people would be away from their home towns and unable to vote.[3]


Candidate Party Votes %
Franjo TuđmanCroatian Democratic Union1,519,10056.73
Dražen BudišaCroatian Social Liberal Party585,53521.87
Savka Dabčević-KučarCroatian People's Party161,2426.02
Dobroslav ParagaCroatian Party of Rights144,6955.40
Silvije DegenSocialist Party of Croatia108,9794.07
Marko VeselicaCroatian Democratic Party45,5931.70
Ivan CesarCroatian Christian Democratic Party43,1341.61
Antun VujićSocial Democrats of Croatia18,7830.70
Invalid/blank votes50,703
Registered voters/turnout3,575,03274.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, p419; Official results[4]


  1. Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p410 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. Nohlen & Stöver, p419
  3. 1 2 3 4 Elections in the Republic of Croatia: 2 August 1992 International Republican Institute
  4. "1992 Izbori za predsjednika Republike Hrvatske" [1992 Elections for the Croatian President] (PDF). Croatian State Election Committee. 2 August 1992.
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