Countess Palatine Barbara of Zweibrücken-Neuburg

Countess Palatine Barbara
Countess of Oettingen-Oettingen

Countess Palatine Barbara of Zweibrücken-Neuburg, oil painting, 1575
Spouse(s) Gottfried of Oettingen-Oettingen


Jakobina of Oettingen-Oettingen
Noble family House of Wittelsbach (by birth)
House of Oettingen-Oettingen
(by marriage)
Father Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
Mother Anna of Hesse
Born (1559-07-27)27 July 1559
Died 5 March 1618(1618-03-05) (aged 58)
Buried Castle Church of St. Michael in Harburg

Countess Palatine Barbara of Zweibrücken-Neuburg (27 July 1559 in Neuburg – 5 March 1618 in Oettingen) was a Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken by birth and by marriage Countess of Oettingen-Oettingen.


Barbara was a daughter of Duke and Count Palatine Wolfgang of Zweibrücken (1526–1569) from his marriage to Anna (1529–1591), the daughter of Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse.

She married on 7 November 1591 in Oettingen Count Gottfried of Oettingen-Oettingen (1554–1622). She was his second wife. She brought a dowry of 14000guilder into the marriage.[1] In 1594, Barbara gave birth to a daughter named Jakobina, but she died later that year.

Countess Barbara of Oettingen studied alchemy intensively and is considered one of the most important women who worked in this field. She employed several alchemists and corresponded extensively on this subject with her nephew, Augustus, Count Palatine of Sulzbach. Barbara also performed numerous experiments for Emperor Rudolf II in his residence in Prague, until she was expelled from the court.[2]

Barbara died in 1618 was buried beside her husband in the Castle Church of St. Michael in Harburg. Their tomb is decorated with a larger than life-size figure of the Countess at the side of her husband and his first wife.



  1. Felix Joseph Lipowsky: Geschichte der Landstände, I.J. Lentner, 1827, p. 85
  2. Rudolf Werner Soukup: Chemie in Österreich, Böhlau, 2007, p. 296

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