Constitutional Court of Croatia

Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia
Ustavni sud Republike Hrvatske
Established 15 February 1964 (in SR Croatia)[1]
25 July 1990 (in Croatia)[1]
Country  Croatia
Location Zagreb
Composition method Elected by the Croatian Parliament with qualified majority
Authorized by Constitution of the Republic of Croatia
Judge term length Eight years (renewable once)
Number of positions 13
President of the Constitutional Court
Currently Miroslav Šeparović
Coat of arms
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Seat of the Constitutional court, St. Mark's Square, Zagreb

Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia (Croatian: Ustavni sud Republike Hrvatske) is the interpreter and guardian of the Croatian Constitution which monitors the conformity of laws with the Constitution as well as protection of human rights and freedoms of citizens that are guaranteed by the Constitution. It is considered to be de facto the highest judicial authority because it can overturn Supreme Court decisions on the basis of constitutional breaches. It is not considered as part of the judicial branch but a court sui generis, therefore it is often called "fourth power of Croatia", alongside Government/President (executive), Parliament (legislative) and Supreme Court (judicial).[2][3]

Powers and responsibilities

According to the Articles 126-132 of the Croatian Constitution, Constitutional Court shall:[4]

Recent influence

A recent ruling by the Constitutional Court was on the legitimacy of the Act of Supplements and Alterations to the Law on Public Gathering (Zakon o izmjenama i dopunama zakona o javnom okupljanju) which added an order that no public gatherings could be held within 100 meters of buildings in which the Sabor, President, the Government or the Constitutional Court are located or are in session (the Parliament, Government and Const. Court are all located at Zagreb's St. Mark's square)

The Constitutional Court ruled that this law, which restricts a Constitutional liberty - the right to free gathering, was not passed by the majority necessary to override the Constitution on that matter. The Court's decision was that the law be put out of effect at a date specified by the Court.

The Court also provided Parliament with the necessary number of representatives which must confirm the Act to make it legitimate.


The Constitutional Court consists of thirteen judges elected by the Croatian Parliament for a term of eight years from among notable jurists, especially judges, public prosecutors, lawyers and university professors of law. Court elects its President for a term of four years. Before they take the office, judges must take an oath in front of the President of the Republic.

Current composition (as of June 7, 2016)

On June 3, 2016, Croatian Parliament appointed 10 justices in addition to 3 already sitting in the court.[5] Among those ten, two justices were re-appointed and 8 justices were appointed for the first time.

In office since Full name Position
14 April 2009 Miroslav Šeparović President
7 December 2007 Snježana Bagić Vice-President
7 June 2016 Ingrid Antičević-Marinović Justice
21 July 2009 Mato Arlović Justice
7 June 2016 Branko Brkić Justice
27 May 2008 Mario Jelušić Justice
7 June 2016 Lovorka Kušan Justice
7 June 2016 Josip Leko Justice
7 June 2016 Davorin Mlakar Justice
7 June 2016 Rajko Mlinarić Justice
21 July 2009 Antun Palarić Justice
7 June 2016 Andrej Abramović Justice
7 June 2016 Miroslav Šumanović Justice


No. Image In office Full name
1. 1991–1999 Jadranko Crnić
2. 1999–2003 Smiljko Sokol
3. 2003–2007 Petar Klarić
4. 2008-2016 Jasna Omejec
5. 2016-present Miroslav Šeparović

See also


  1. 1 2 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 7, 2015. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  2. Čepulo Dalibor, Croatian legal history in the European context from the Middle Ages to modern times, Zagreb, 2012.
  3. Margetić Lujo- Sirotković H., History of State and Law of peoples Yugoslavia, Rijeka-Zagreb, 1990;
  4. "Hrvatski sabor". Retrieved 2016-05-03.


External links

Coordinates: 45°49′00″N 15°58′24″E / 45.81671°N 15.97341°E / 45.81671; 15.97341

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