Concession of Evoramonte
The Concession of Evoramonte, also known as the Convention of Evoramonte, was a document signed on 26 May 1834, in Evoramonte, in Alentejo, between the Constitutionalists and the Miguelites, that ended the period of civil war (1828–1834) in the Kingdom of Portugal.
On the Concession of Evoramonte, Dom Miguel I of Portugal surrendered and abandoned his claim to the Portuguese throne, being also subjected to exile and perpetual banishment from the Kingdom of Portugal.
It was signed by the representatives of the Constitutionalists, the Marshals of the Army, Duke of Terceira and Count of Saldanha, and by the Miguelite representative, Lieutenant General José António Azevedo e Lemos.
Articles of the Concession of Evoramonte
The Concession was initially composed of nine articles, with four more added the following day:
- Article 1 - General amnesty was granted to all political crimes committed since 21 July 1826.
- Article 2 - Any person comprehended by the amnesty, national or foreign citizen, could freely leave the Kingdom with their property.
- Article 3 - All military officers could keep their ranks legitimately conferred to them.
- Article 4 - To all public and ecclesiastical employees, the same allowance would be contemplated, if their services and qualities would render them worthy.
- Article 5 - An annual pension of 60 contos de reis (12 000l.) was insured to Dom Miguel in attention to the elevated sphere in which he was born; and was permitted to him to dispose of his personal property, restoring however any jewels and other articles belonging to the Crown or private individuals.
- Article 6 - Dom Miguel could leave the Kingdom in a ship of war of the Allied Powers, which would be ready in any port he desired, being assured total safety to him and his followers.
- Article 7 - Dom Miguel was forced to leave the Kingdom in 15 days and never return to Portugal or any of its colonial possessions.
- Article 8 - All troops loyal to Dom Miguel were to deliver their weapons on a depot indicated to them.
- Article 9 - All the Regiments and Corps loyal to Dom Miguel should peacefully disband themselves.
- Article 1 - Orders would be immediately expedited to all Commanders of garrisons of the forces in campaign, and to all authorities who were still recognizing the government of Dom Miguel, that they should submit to the Government of Queen Maria II.
- Article 2 - The tenor of the previous article would extend to all ecclesiastical, civil and military authorities of the colonial possessions of the Monarchy.
- Article 3 - Dom Miguel should leave Évora on 30 May, for the town of Sines, where his embarkation would take place.
- Article 4 - On 31 May, the troops of Dom Miguel would deposit their weapons in Évora at the local College.
Protest of Genoa
Immediately after arriving at Genoa, the place of his exile, on 20 June 1834, Dom Miguel addressed himself to the Courts of Europe claiming that the Concession of Evoramonte was illegal, as it was imposed on him by force by the governments of the Quadruple Alliance:
- John Athelstane Smith, Conde da Carnota, Memoirs of Field-Marshal the Duke de Saldanha, with Selections from His Correspondence. Volume 1 ISBN 9780543954916
- Hernâni Cidade, História de Portugal: Implantação do Regime Liberal - Da revolução de 1820 á queda da Monarquia (2004) ISBN 989-554-112-0 (Portuguese)
- H. Colburn, The United Service Journal, Part III (1834)