Conan I of Rennes
|Conan I of Rennes|
|Spouse(s)||Ermengarde-Gerberga of Anjou|
|Noble family||House of Rennes|
27 June 992|
Conan I († June 27, 992) nicknamed Le Tort (The Crooked) was the Duke of Brittany from 990 to his death. He was the son of Judicael Berengar and Gerberga, and succeeded his father as Count of Rennes in 970.
He assumed the title of Duke of Brittany in the spring of 990 following his attack on Nantes and the subsequent death of Count Alan. As duke his rule succeeded the Regency that governed Brittany during the life of Drogo and the fractured rule of Brittany after Drogo's death by his illegitimate brothers Hoël and Guerech, and the latter's son Alan. The fractured rule over Brittany resulted in a short vacancy in the title Duke of Brittany. Conan I had to ally himself with the Odo I, Count of Blois in order to defeat Judicael Berengar before he could assume the title of Duke.
Conan's alliance with the Odo of Blois had helped him defeat Judicael Berengar. However the alliance with Blois became troublesome and he later needed to "rid himself of influence from Blois, [which he accomplished by signing] a pact with Richard I of Normandy; [this pact] established firm Breton-Norman links for the first time." Richard I had married the daughter of Hugh I the Great, and after this marriage had re-asserted his father's claim as Overlord of the Breton duchy. Conan I's pact with Normandy strengthened that assertion but the historical documentation for that Overlordship claim remains doubtful because it largely appears only in the less than authoritative writings of Dudo of Saint-Quentin.
By his wife Ermengarde-Gerberga he had the following issue:
- Geoffrey (c.980-1008), the eventual heir.
- Judith (982–1017), married Richard II, Duke of Normandy.
- Judicael, count of Porhoët (died 1037).
- Catuallon, Abbot of Redon
- Raoul Glaber in his Histories [Bk. II, Ch. 3, para. 4] was openly hostile to Conan and stated that after he married Ermengarde-Gerberga, Fulk Nerra's sister, he was "the most insolent of principes (Latin: leader, first among his people)." See: Bachrach, Fulk Nerra (1993),p. 42 & n. 99; Rodulfus Glaber, The Five Books of the Histories, ed. & trans. John France (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1989), pp. 58-61.
- Price also refers us to de la Borderie 1898, page 246-248 for a discussion of the relationship between Conan I and Richard I.
- Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band II (Verlag von J. A. Stargardt, Marburg, Germany, 1984), Tafel 75
- Bachrach 1993, p. 38.
- Delumeau, p. 141.
- Price, p. 370.
- Keats-Rohan 1994, p. 18-19.
- Bachrach 1993, p. 42.
- Bernard S. Bachrach, Warfare and Military Organization in Pre-Crusade Europe (Ashgate Publishing, Aldershot, UK and Burlington, Vermont, 2002), IX, p. 66
- Alexander, p. 8.
- Alexander, Jonathan James Graham (1970). Norman illumination at Mont St Michel, 966-1100. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.
- Bachrach, Bernard S. (1993). Fulk Nerra, the neo-Roman consul, 987-1040: A Political Biography of the Angevin Count. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
- Delumeau, Jean (1969). Histoire de la Bretagne. Toulouse, France: Edouard Privat editeur; Jean Delumeau, directeur, with contributing authors P-R Giot, J L'Helgouach, J Briard, J-B Colbert de Beaulieu, L Pape, P Rache, G Devailly, H Touchard, J Meyer, A Mussat, and G Le Guen (chapters do not specify individual authors).
- Keats-Rohan, K.S.B. (1994). 'Two Studies in North French Prosopography', Journal of Medieval History Vol. 20.
- Price, Neil S. (1989). The Vikings in Brittany. Saga-Book XXII 6.
Conan I of Rennes
House of RennesBorn: 927 Died: 27 June 992
|Count of Rennes
| Succeeded by|
Title last held byAlan
|Duke of Brittany|