Communist Bund (Ukraine)
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|Jewish Labour Bund|
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The Communist Bund (Kombund) was a Jewish Communist political party in Ukraine and Bielorussia, formed after a split in the General Jewish Labour Bund (Bund). In late 1918 Bund branches in cities like Bobruisk, Ekaterinoburg and Odessa formed 'leftwing Bund groups'. In February 1919 these groups (representing the majority in Ukrainian Bund movement) adopted the name 'Communist Bund', constituting themselves as an independent party of the Jewish proletariat. The Kombund supported Jewish national autonomy. The Communist Bund supported the Soviet side in the Russian Civil War.
Whilst the Communist Party (bolsheviks) of Ukraine (CP(b)U) recognized the need to collaborate with the Ukrainian Kombund, they refused to recognize the Kombund as a communist party. CP(b)U held that the Kombund was a middle class movement and its members were not given responsibilities in different Soviets. Nor did CP(b)U accept that the Kombund merge into the party.
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