# Colt (libraries)

Original author(s) | NIST |
---|---|

Stable release |
1.2.0
/ September 9, 2004 |

Operating system | Cross-platform |

Type | Library |

License | CERN and LGPL |

Website |
acs |

**Colt** is a set of Open Source Libraries for High Performance Scientific and Technical Computing written in Java and developed at CERN. Colt was developed with a focus on High Energy Physics, but is applicable to many other problems. Colt was last updated in 2004 (when Java 1.4 was the current release) and its code base has been incorporated into the Parallel Colt code base, which has received more recent development.

Colt provides an infrastructure for scalable scientific and technical computing in Java. It is particularly useful in the domain of High Energy Physics at CERN. It contains, among others, efficient and usable data structures and algorithms for Off-line and On-line Data Analysis, Linear Algebra, Multi-dimensional arrays, Statistics, Histogramming, Monte Carlo Simulation, Parallel & Concurrent Programming. It summons some of the best concepts, designs and implementations thought up over time by the community, ports or improves them and introduces new approaches where need arises.

## Capabilities

The following is an overview of Colt's capabilities, as listed on the project's website:^{[1]}

Feature | Description |
---|---|

Templated Lists and Maps | Dynamically resizing lists holding objects or primitive data types such as int, double, etc. Operations on primitive arrays, algorithms on Colt lists and JAL algorithms (see below) can freely be mixed at zero copy overhead. More details. Automatically growing and shrinking maps holding objects or primitive data types such as int, double, etc. |

Templated Multi-dimensional matrices | Dense and sparse fixed sized (non-resizable) 1,2, 3 and d-dimensional matrices holding objects or primitive data types such as int, double, etc.; Also known as multi-dimensional arrays or Data Cubes. |

Linear Algebra | Standard matrix operations and decompositions. LU, QR, Cholesky, Eigenvalue, Singular value. |

Histogramming | Compact, extensible, modular and performant histogramming functionality. AIDA offers the histogramming features of HTL and HBOOK. |

Mathematics | Tools for basic and advanced mathematics: Arithmetics and Algebra, Polynomials and Chebyshev series, Bessel and Airy functions, Constants and Units, Trigonometric functions, etc. |

Statistics | Tools for basic and advanced statistics: Estimators, Gamma functions, Beta functions, Probabilities, Special integrals, etc. |

Random Numbers and Random Sampling | Strong yet quick. Partly a port of CLHEP. |

util.concurrent | Efficient utility classes commonly encountered in parallel & concurrent programming. |

## Usage Example

Example of Singular Value Decomposition (SVD):

```
SingularValueDecomposition s = new SingularValueDecomposition(matA);
DoubleMatrix2D U = s.getU();
DoubleMatrix2D S = s.getS();
DoubleMatrix2D V = s.getV();
```

Example of matrix multiplication:

```
Algebra alg = new Algebra();
DoubleMatrix2D result = alg.mult(matA,matB);
```

## References

- ↑ Official site "Colt Project Page" Check
`|url=`

value (help).*Colt*. Retrieved June 15, 2013.