Coenraad Jacob Temminck

Coenraad Jacob Temminck
Born (1778-03-31)31 March 1778
Amsterdam, Dutch Republic
Died 30 January 1858(1858-01-30) (aged 79)
Leiden, Netherlands
Citizenship Netherlands
Fields Zoology
Institutions National Natural History Museum at Leiden
Notable students Hermann Schlegel
Author abbrev. (zoology) Temminck

Coenraad Jacob Temminck (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈkunraːt ˈjaːkɔp ˈtɛmɪŋk];[1] 31 March 1778 – 30 January 1858) was a Dutch aristocrat, zoologist, and museum director.[2]


Coenraad Jacob Temminck was born on 31 March 1778 in Amsterdam in the Dutch Republic. From his father, who was treasurer of the Dutch East India Company, he inherited a large collection of bird specimens.

Temminck's Manuel d'ornithologie, ou Tableau systématique des oiseaux qui se trouvent en Europe (1815) was the standard work on European birds for many years. He was also the author of Histoire naturelle générale des Pigeons et des Gallinacées (1813–1817), Nouveau Recueil de Planches coloriées d'Oiseaux (1820–1839), and contributed to the mammalian sections of Philipp Franz von Siebold's Fauna japonica (1844–1850).

Temminck was the first director of the National Museum of Natural History in Leiden from 1820 until his death. In 1831, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In 1836 he became member of the Royal Institute, predecessor of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.[3]

Temminck died on 30 January 1858, at the age of 79, in Leiden, Netherlands.


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Species named after Temminck

A large number of animals were named for Temminck in the 19th century. Among those still in use are:[4]


  1. First two words in isolation: [ˈkunraːt ˈjaːkɔp].
  2. Gasso Miracle, M.E. 2008 The significance of Temminck's work on biogeography: Early nineteenth century natural history in Leiden, the Netherlands. Journal of the History of Biology 41(4):677–716
  3. "Coenraad Jacob Temminck (1778 - 1858)". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
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