Codiponte is a village in the municipality of Casola in Lunigiana, Tuscany, Italy. It is located in the Province of Massa and Carrara and is about 20 minutes drive from the comune of Aulla. The population is about 200.
Codiponte lies in the shadow of the Alpi Apuane and in the valley of the River Aullela. It is 255 metres above sea level and has a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters including snowfalls during winter. Summer temperatures are in the high 30°s and winters around 0°C.
Because of its strategic position, during the failed 1521 French siege of Parma, Codiponte was sacked by Franco-Venetian forces under Federigo da Bozzolo who were endeavouring to enter Parma. Under instructions from the Duke of Urbino and Francesco Guicciardini, Italian general Marcantonio Colonna ordered the abandonment of the town and imperial defences regrouped near Parma. However, Parma was ultimately held by the Italians and the French forces withdrew. The campaign was a prelude to the Battle of Bicocca led by the Vicomte de Lautrec.
A Roman village is believed to have been located on the northern approach to the bridge near the church.
The Lombard origins of the church are confirmed by the existence of a place-name "Sala", and by a document from 793 which refers to the founding of the church of San Cipriano. The place name "Capite Pontis", the present-day Codiponte, represented a strategic passageway both for the pilgrims who crossed over the Garfagnana on their way from the Lunigiana to Lucca. The first mention of this church dates back to a Deed by Pope Eugenio III in 1148. The actual building with its basilica plan and two apses can be attributed to the twelfth century, though it still maintains several sculptural elements with characteristics reminiscent of the high Middle Ages style.
The church is believed to have been in ruins when it was rebuilt in the Romanesque style in the 12th century and restored after a landslide in the 14th century. The campanile was built in the 17th century. A triptych of the Madonna and Child, Saints Cornelius and Cyprian, and Jesus was made around 1440.
Each year in October, Codiponte residents celebrate La Vendemmia, the grape harvest.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Codiponte.|
- Aullela River at Codiponte
- San Cipriano Church and Campanile
- Exterior of church
- Nave and aisles
- w:it:Pieve dei Santi Cornelio e Cipriano a Codiponte (Italian wikipedia)
- "Codiponte". Reti e Sistemi. Retrieved 2010-09-28.
- "Codiponte". Terre di Lunigiana (in Italian). Retrieved 2010-10-04.
- Francesco Guicciardini, Austin Parke Goddard (1754). The history of Italy: from the year 1490 to 1532. 7–8. p. 293.
- Roberto Ridolfi (1967). The life of Francesco Guicciardini. Routledge & K. Paul.
- "La pieve dei Santi Cornelio e Cipriano a Codiponte". Terre di Lunigiana (in Italian). Retrieved 2010-10-04.