Clogwyn Du'r Arddu
Clogwyn Du'r Arddu (Welsh pronunciation: [ˈklɔɡwɨ̞n ˈdɨːr ˈarðɨ̞]), on the north flank of Snowdon, is considered by many to be one of the best climbing cliffs in Britain. It is north-facing and comparatively remote (700 m (2,300 ft) above sea level). The name is Welsh and probably means "cliff of the black bear" or "Arthur's cliff", Arddu being the Welsh name for Arthur, itself deriving from the Welsh words arth, (bear) and du (black). It lends its name to Clogwyn station on the Snowdon Mountain Railway which overlooks it.
First recorded ascent
I believe it was the prospect downwards that determined us to brave every difficulty. It happened fortunately that the steep section immediately above us was the only one that presented any material danger. Mr Williams, having a pair of strong shoes with nails in them, which would hold their footing better than mine, requested to make the first attempt, and after some difficulty he succeeded … When he had fixed himself securely to a part of the rock, he took off his belt, and holding it firmly by one end, gave the other to me: I laid hold, and, with a little aid from the stones, fairly pulled myself up by it. After this we got on pretty well, and in about an hour and a quarter from the commencement of our labour, we found ourselves upon the brow of this dreadful precipice, and in possession of all the plants we expected to find.
The north facing cliff is regarded as the premier high-grade traditional mountaineering crag in the United Kingdom. "Cloggy", as the cliff is known, combines the steepness, size, seriousness and quality of rock which it shares with the likes of Carn Dearg on Ben Nevis, but unlike the Scottish cliff maintained a continuous record of having the most difficult climbs from the 1930s to the 2000s.
The cliff has attracted leading climbers of many eras, from the Abrahams through Kirkus, Harding, Brown, Whillans, Crew, Edwards, Ward-Drummond, Redhead and finally Dawes. No other cliff has a comparable sequence of serious climbs.
- Williams, Paul (1989). Clogwyn Du'r Arddu. Climbers' Club. ISBN 0-901601-43-8.
- Crew; Soper; Wilson (1971). The Black Cliff (Clogwyn Du'r Arddu). Kaye Ward. ISBN 0-7182-0790-4.
- "Photos of Clogwyn Du'r Arddu and surrounding area". www.geograph.co.uk.