Clement Comer Clay
|Clement Comer Clay|
|United States Senator|
June 19, 1837 – November 15, 1841
|Preceded by||John McKinley|
|Succeeded by||Arthur P. Bagby|
|8th Governor of Alabama|
November 21, 1835 – July 17, 1837
|Preceded by||John Gayle|
|Succeeded by||Hugh McVay|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Alabama's 1st district
March 4, 1829 – March 3, 1835
|Preceded by||Gabriel Moore|
|Succeeded by||Reuben Chapman|
|Member of the Alabama House of Representatives|
December 17, 1789|
Halifax County, Virginia
September 7, 1866 76) (aged|
|Spouse(s)||Susanna Claiborne Withers (1798–1866) (her death)|
|Alma mater||East Tennessee University|
|Profession||Politician,Governor of Alabama|
Clement Comer Clay (December 17, 1789 – September 7, 1866) was the eighth Governor of the U.S. state of Alabama from 1835 to 1837. An attorney, judge and politician, he also was elected to the state legislature, as well as to the House of Representatives and the US Senate.
Clay was born in Halifax County, Virginia. His father, William Clay, was an officer in the American Revolutionary War, who moved to Grainger County, Tennessee. Clay attended the local schools and graduated from East Tennessee College in 1807. He was admitted to the bar in 1809 and moved to Huntsville, Alabama, where he began a law practice in 1811.
Marriage and family
Clay married Susannah Claiborne Withers on April 4, 1815. They had three sons: Clement Claiborne Clay, John Withers Clay, and Hugh Lawson Clay.
Alabama House of Representatives
Clay served in the Alabama Territorial Legislature in 1817–1818. He was a state court judge and served in the Alabama House of Representatives.
In 1828 he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, serving from March 4, 1829 and through re-elections until March 3, 1835, when he started as governor of Alabama.
Governor of Alabama
In 1835 Clay was elected Governor. Clay's term as governor ended early when he was appointed by the state legislature to the United States Senate in 1837 (this was before popular election of senators).
Spring Hill College
In 1836, Governor Clay signed a legislative act which chartered Spring Hill College in Mobile, Alabama, the third oldest Jesuit college in the United States. The charter gave it "full power to grant or confer such degree or degrees in the arts and sciences, or in any art or science as are usually granted or conferred by other seminaries of learning in the United States." The college resulted from the strong French Catholic traditions in the city, founded as a French colony.
Creek War of 1836
Clay’s term in office was dominated by the Creek War of 1836 arising from resistance to Indian Removal, which had taken place in the Southeast since 1830. During Clay’s administration, the United States Army removed the Creek Indians from Southeastern Alabama under the terms of the 1832 Treaty of Cusseta. The Creek were relocated to the Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) west of the Mississippi. Confrontations between Indians and white settlers occurred.
Panic of 1837
During the Panic of 1837, the United States suffered a financial crisis brought on by speculative fever. This crisis caused a run on the Bank of the State of Alabama. Clay ordered the bank to provide a detailed report of its finances, but it was unable to do so.
United States Senate
After election by the state legislature, Clay served in the United States Senate from June 19, 1837 until his resignation on November 15, 1841.
In the year after the end of the Civil War, Clement died of natural causes in September 1866, aged 76. His wife Susanna had died earlier the same year.
- Alabama Marriage Collection, 1800-1969 Record
- The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, pp. 89-92
- "Clement Comer Clay". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2012-06-23.
- "Clement Comer Clay". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2012-06-28.
- United States Congress. "Clement Comer Clay (id: C000481)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- "Clement Comer Clay". Alabama Governors On-Line. Alabama Department of Archives & History. Retrieved 2008-01-11.
- "Clement Comer Clay". Famous Alabamians. Alabama Department of Archives & History. Retrieved 2008-01-11.
- "Alabama Governor Clement Comer Clay". Governor's Information. National Governors Association. Retrieved 2008-01-11.
|New title||Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court of Alabama
| Succeeded by|
Abner Smith Lipscomb
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 1st congressional district
March 4, 1829 – March 4, 1835
| Succeeded by|
|Governor of Alabama
| Succeeded by|
|United States Senate|
|United States Senator
from Alabama (Class 3)
with William R. King (1837–1841)
| Succeeded by|
Arthur P. Bagby