|United States Senator|
Assumed office |
January 3, 2007
Serving with Roy Blunt
|Preceded by||Jim Talent|
|Ranking Member of the Senate Aging Committee|
Assumed office |
January 3, 2015
|Preceded by||Susan Collins|
|34th Auditor of Missouri|
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2007
|Preceded by||Margaret Kelly|
|Succeeded by||Susan Montee|
|Jackson County Prosecutor|
|Preceded by||Albert Riederer|
|Succeeded by||Robert Beaird|
|Member of the Missouri House of Representatives|
from the 42nd district
January 10, 1983 – February 2, 1988
|Preceded by||James Barnes|
|Succeeded by||Joseph Kenton|
Claire Conner McCaskill|
July 24, 1953
Rolla, Missouri, U.S.
David Exposito (1984–1995)|
Joseph Shepard (2002–present)
|Residence||St. Louis, Missouri|
University of Missouri, Columbia (B.A., J.D.)|
|Religion||Roman Catholicism (converted)|
Claire Conner McCaskill (//; born July 24, 1953) is an American politician and member of the Democratic Party who serves as the senior United States Senator from Missouri. The first woman elected to the U.S. Senate from Missouri in her own right, she defeated Republican incumbent Jim Talent in the 2006 election, by a margin of 49.6% to 47.3%. She became the state's senior U.S. Senator upon the retirement of Kit Bond in 2011 and won a bid for re-election in 2012, defeating Republican Todd Akin by a margin of 54.7% to 39.2%.
Before her election to the U.S. Senate, McCaskill served as the State Auditor of Missouri from 1999 to 2007. She previously served as Jackson County Prosecutor from 1993 to 1998 and as a member of the Missouri House of Representatives from 1983 to 1989. She ran for Governor of Missouri in the 2004 election, beating Democratic incumbent Bob Holden in the primary election but losing to Republican Matt Blunt in a close general election. A native of Rolla, she graduated from the University of Missouri and studied at Georgetown University.
In the 115th Congress, McCaskill will serve as ranking member of the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. As of the 114th Congress, McCaskill served as a senior member of the Committee on Armed Services, Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation, and ranking member of the Special Committee on Aging and the United States Senate Homeland Security Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations. Before the Democrats lost control of the US Senate in the 2014 General Election, she had been the chair of the Homeland Security Subcommittee on Contracting Oversight and subsequently served as ranking member.
Early life, education, and early law career
McCaskill was born in Rolla, Missouri. McCaskill's father, William Young McCaskill (1925–1993), served as a state Insurance Commissioner during the administration of Governor Warren E. Hearnes. Her mother, Betty Anne (née Ward; 1928–2012), was the first woman elected to the City Council of Columbia, Missouri. Betty Anne McCaskill lost a race for a seat in the state House of Representatives to Leroy Blunt, the father of U.S. Senator Roy Blunt and grandfather of former Missouri Governor Matt Blunt.
McCaskill spent her early childhood in the small Missouri town of Houston, later moving to Lebanon, and eventually Columbia. McCaskill attended David H. Hickman High School in Columbia, where she was a cheerleader, Pep Club president, member of the debate club, musical cast member, and homecoming queen. While attending the University of Missouri, McCaskill joined Kappa Alpha Theta sorority, graduating in 1975 with a B.A. in political science. She received her Juris Doctor (J.D.) from the University of Missouri School of Law in 1978. In the summer of 1974, before graduating from the University of Missouri, McCaskill studied at the Institute on Comparative Political and Economic Systems at Georgetown University.
Except for three years spent in private practice as an attorney at the firm of a Kansas City trial lawyer (1989 to 1991), McCaskill has worked in the public sector continuously since graduating from law school in 1978. McCaskill, following her graduation from law school, spent one year as a law clerk on the Missouri Court of Appeals for the Western District, which sits in Kansas City. Thereafter, McCaskill joined the Jackson County prosecutor's office, where she specialized in arson cases.
Early political career
In 1982, McCaskill was elected to represent the Brookside neighborhood of Kansas City in the Missouri House of Representatives. McCaskill left the State House to contemplate running for Jackson County Prosecutor in 1988, but did not pursue the position when fellow Democrat and incumbent Prosecutor Albert Riederer decided to seek another term.
In 1990, McCaskill was elected to the Jackson County Legislature (the equivalent of a county commission or county council).
In February 1991, McCaskill testified for a Missouri Senate bill that would prohibit a man accused of raping his wife from using marriage as a defense. "This is simply an issue of fundamental justice. It's embarrassing that we live in a state where it's okay to rape your wife," McCaskill said.
In December 1991, McCaskill announced her intention to run for county prosecutor. At the time of the announcement, the incumbent Democratic Prosecutor Riederer had not announced whether he was going to seek reelection. McCaskill said that crime had "run amok" during Riederer's eleven years as county prosecutor. McCaskill won the Democratic primary, and she went on to win the 1992 general election with 53 percent of the vote. McCaskill was the first woman to serve as prosecutor for Jackson County. She was reelected in 1996 with 71 percent of the vote.
In 1998, McCaskill was elected to the position of State Auditor with 50.3 percent of the vote in the general election. She was the second female to hold the post after her predecessor, Margaret B. Kelly.
When McCaskill ran for reelection in 2002, the winner of the Republican Party primary was Al Hanson, who had previously been incarcerated for fraud. Hanson said he was qualified to detect fraud because he had committed fraud himself. Because of Hanson's history, the leader of the Missouri Republican Party urged voters not to vote for Hanson in the general election. McCaskill was reelected with 58 percent of the vote.
2004 gubernatorial campaign
On November 2, 2004, McCaskill lost to her Republican opponent, then-Secretary of State Matt Blunt in the general election by a margin of 51% to 48%. McCaskill's loss to Blunt was the first defeat in her twenty-year political career.
Both Talent and McCaskill easily defeated their opponents in their respective primaries on August 8, 2006. McCaskill and Talent debated each other on Meet the Press on October 8, 2006. On November 8, 2006, McCaskill defeated Talent by a margin of 49.6% to 47.3% with two minor-party candidates taking the remainder.
McCaskill was unopposed in the Democratic primary and faced Republican nominee Todd Akin in the general election. Until mid-August, polling showed McCaskill and Akin running neck and neck. Then, in a television interview on August 12, Akin claimed that women who were the victims of what he described as "legitimate rape" rarely experienced pregnancy from rape. His comments caused uproar and he was criticized by members of both parties. He faced calls to withdraw from the race but did not do so and McCaskill opened up increasing leads in opinion polls. Akin's comments caused a backlash amongst voters, particularly women, and McCaskill was re-elected by 54.7% to his 39.2%.
McCaskill is the first elected woman to represent Missouri in the U.S. Senate. Jean Carnahan was appointed to the Senate following her husband's death and posthumous election, but was defeated in a close election by Jim Talent. McCaskill entered the U.S. Senate promising to raise the minimum wage and to work with her counterpart from Missouri, Republican Senator Kit Bond.
Since being elected to the Senate, McCaskill has consistently been named by the National Journal in its ideological rankings as one of the ten most moderate Senators. In 2011, she was ranked exactly 50th on its scale of most-liberal to most-conservative. The Washington Post reported in 2012 that she was the second-most-likely Democratic Senator to vote against her party.
2008 presidential election
In January 2008, McCaskill decided to endorse Senator Barack Obama in his campaign for the Democratic nomination for the presidential elections of 2008, making her one of the first senators to do so. She was one of the most visible faces for his campaign, and her support was crucial to Obama's narrow victory in the Missouri primary in February 2008. She has credited her daughter Maddie as the one who made her publicly endorse Obama. She was frequently mentioned as a possible vice-presidential nominee for Obama, but was never seriously considered. She spoke on the opening day of the Democratic National Convention in August 2008.
2016 presidential elections
On March 21, McCaskill called for Bernie Sanders to unite behind Hillary Clinton following Clinton's sweep of southern primaries. She also referred to Republican frontrunner Donald Trump as a "buffoon".
She introduced legislation with then-Senator Obama after the Walter Reed Army Medical Center neglect scandal erupted which demanded the full accountability of wounded veterans and agencies that would ensure physical and mental health conditions being addressed. "Those who have fought this war and felt its effects most personally, our servicemen and women, deserve to have a real researched plan for dealing with the aftermath of their sacrifice, so that the mistakes made by the administration in war planning are not repeated in planning for the readjustment needs of these heroes," McCaskill noted on the Senate floor after Obama made comments about the same issue. McCaskill also took Secretary of Veterans Affairs Jim Nicholson to task over the "irresponsibility" regarding oversight of the Department of Veterans Affairs.
In the Senate Armed Services Committee, McCaskill has made herself known for her aggressiveness in questioning officials in the Department of Defense about their "loose" spending habits. McCaskill grilled top officials of the military's auditing agencies for rewarding KBR for their Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP) contract, a contract now valued at over $20 billion, despite audit reports indicating extreme contractor mismanagement and expansive overcharging of the U.S. government. She has also been critical of the DoD's auditors, the Defense Contract Audit Agency, based on a recent GAO report that alleges that audits were not properly supported or supervised, and in some cases been changed by managers in order to appease the procurement community and/or the audited contractor.
On December 18, 2010, McCaskill voted in favor of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010.
On January 14, 2014, McCaskill introduced the Victims Protection Act of 2014 (S. 1917; 113th Congress) into the Senate. The bill is intended to help protect the victims of sexual assault in the military. The bill would allow victims to give a preference as to whether they would prefer their cases take place in the military or civilian justice systems. It also applies these changes to the military academies. The bill passed the Senate on March 10, 2014 by a vote of 97–0.
As a member of the Senate ad hoc subcommittee on disaster recovery, McCaskill supported Republican U.S. Representative Joseph Cao and fellow Democratic U.S. Senator Mary Landrieu in their insistence on corrections of mismanagement of the New Orleans office of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
McCaskill voted for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, popularly known as ObamaCare, in December 2009, and she voted for the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010. She was critical of the Stupak–Pitts Amendment, which would have placed limits on private funding of abortions in the context of the November 2009 Affordable Health Care for America Act.
Airplane reimbursement and property tax scandal
On March 16, 2011, McCaskill told reporters that she was "embarrassed" about revelations that her office had used taxpayer money for the senator's use of a private airplane she co-owned with her husband and friends. According to a government audit, the plane was used for 90 flights taken between Washington, D.C., and her home in suburban St. Louis, as well as to numerous sites around the state of Missouri. According to McCaskill's Senate office, all but 1 of the 90 flights in question were within Senate rules. As soon as the story broke, Senator McCaskill sent a check for $88,000 to the U.S. Treasury as reimbursement for the flights. The Missouri Republican Party filed a formal complaint with the Senate Ethics Committee on March 16. In response McCaskill said, “The Missouri Republican Party is going to try to ride this horse as long as they can. They’re going to try to make this as big a deal as they can. Them filing the ethics complaint is about as surprising as the sun coming up”. On March 21, 2011, Politico reported that McCaskill had failed to pay more than $280,000 in property taxes on the plane and was planning to sell it. “I have convinced my husband to sell the damn plane”, McCaskill said on a conference call with reporters. “I will never set foot on the plane again”. The Senate Ethics Committee has yet to comment on the matter.
The plane, a 2001 Pilatus PC-12, was sold in October 2011. It was stored at Spirit of St. Louis Airport, McCaskill confirmed, and owned by Timesaver LLC, a Delaware-based corporation. McCaskill noted that she had paid $38,800 in sales taxes on the plane, and she had only recently become aware that Missouri also imposed a property tax on private aircraft. She said she was “disappointed” in herself for not ensuring that Timesaver LLC paid the property taxes. “Frankly, having the plane owned in Delaware would not negate the necessity of paying the personal property tax in Missouri,” she said. “This is a mistake. It should have been reported in Missouri. It was owed in Missouri. It will be paid in Missouri today”.
- Committee on Armed Services
- Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation
- Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs (Ranking Member, 115th Congress)
- Special Committee on Aging (Ranking Member)
- Impeachment Trial Committee on the Articles against Judge G. Thomas Porteous, Jr. (Chairwoman)
Senator McCaskill also served as the Chairwoman of the Select Committee for the Impeachment of Samuel B. Kent, which was disbanded July 22, 2009, after Judge Kent resigned, and the United States Senate Homeland Security Ad Hoc Subcommittee on Contracting Oversight, which was disbanded in 2013.
|Democratic||Stephen J. Conway||114,997||38.7%||−12.3|
|Democratic||Timothy Marshall Walters||30,888||10.4%||−40.6|
|Republican||Charles (Chuck) A. Pierce||719,653||46.4%||−3.9%|
|Libertarian||Gerald R. Geier||26,955||1.7%||−48.6|
|Reform||George D. Weber||24,188||1.6%||−48.7|
|Democratic||Claire McCaskill (incumbent)||1,090,593||60.0%|
|Libertarian||Arnold J. Trembley||39,891||2.2%||−57.8|
|American Independent||Theo (Ted) Brown, Sr.||54||0.0%||−60|
|Democratic||Bob Holden (incumbent)||383,734||45.3%||−6.3|
|Democratic||Jeffery A. Emrick||9,473||1.1%||−50.5|
|Libertarian||John M. Swenson||24,378||0.9%||−49.9|
|Nonpartisan||Kenneth J. Johnson||61||0%||−50.8|
|Missouri United States Senate Democratic primary election, 2006|
|Democratic||Bill Clinton Young||67,173||19.2%|
|Republican||Jim Talent (Incumbent)||1,006,941||47.3||−2.3|
|Democratic||Claire McCaskill (Incumbent)||1,484,683||54.7%|
McCaskill was married to David Exposito, with whom she had three children. The couple divorced in 1995, after 11 years of marriage, while McCaskill was Jackson County Prosecutor. David Exposito was found murdered in Kansas City, Kansas on December 12, 2005. Exposito's murder has never been solved.
On the October 3, 2009 episode of NPR's Wait Wait... Don't Tell Me!, McCaskill spoke about a vacation early in her career as a lawyer, where she was a contestant on High Rollers. McCaskill would reign as champion for four days, and later sold several of her prizes to pay off her student loan debt.
In April 2002, McCaskill married St. Louis businessman Joseph Shepard. Shepard lent $1.6 million to McCaskill's 2004 gubernatorial campaign and also had business interests in the nursing home industry. Because as state auditor McCaskill was responsible for auditing the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, which regulates the state's nursing home system, Shepard's financial interests in the industry became an issue during the 2004 gubernatorial campaign.
McCaskill has joined Sheryl Sandberg's movement to encourage young women to be more assertive in professional interactions.
On February 22, 2016, McCaskill announced that she had been diagnosed with breast cancer. She stated through Tumblr, "It's a little scary, but my prognosis is good and I expect a full recovery."
- "Statewide Races". Missouri Secretary of State.
- "Sen. Kit Bond of Mo. announces retirement". United Press International. January 8, 2009. Retrieved November 17, 2009.
- Siegel, Elyse (November 6, 2012). "McCaskill Wins". Huffington Post.
- Wong, Scott (November 6, 2012). "Missouri Senate election results 2012: Claire McCaskill beats Todd Akin for second term". Politico. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
- "Senate Democrats elect Chuck Schumer as their new leader". CBS News. Associated Press. November 16, 2016. Retrieved November 21, 2016.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 25, 2012. Retrieved June 10, 2011.
- "Notable Thetas". Kappa Alpha Theta. Retrieved August 11, 2009.
- "Alumni Attend Both National Conventions". The Fund for American Studies. September 1, 2008. Retrieved November 19, 2016.
- Pope, LeRoy (January 4, 1983). "Arson 'barometer of an ailing economy'". UPI NewsTrack. (subscription required (. ))
- "Marriage no defense for rape, panel decides". Associated Press. The Kansas City Star. February 14, 1991. p. C3.
- Lambe, Joe. "McCaskill goal: Prosecutor County legislator, an ex-assistant to Riederer, wants to lead crime fight". The Kansas City Star. December 19, 1991.
- Mannies, Jo. "Women May Have Set Missouri Record". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. August 6, 1992.
- Lambe, Joe. "Jackson County voters pick McCaskill for prosecutor job". The Kansas City Star. November 4, 1992. p. C1.
- Lambe, Joe. "Incumbent remains county prosecutor". The Kansas City Star. November 6, 1996. p. C3.
- Reel, Monte. "Support in KC Lifts Democrat McCaskill to Lead Over Pierce". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. November 4, 1998. p. B10.
- "". Missouri Secretary of State Official Election Returns. November 24, 1998.
- Stearns, Matt. "GOP disowns auditor nominee". The Kansas City Star. August 8, 2002.
- "McCaskill wins re-election bid for auditor". Jefferson City News-Tribune. November 6, 2002.
- "Election Results". Camdenton, Missouri: Lake Sun Leader. November 6, 2002.
- "McCaskill still silent on future elections" in the Columbia Missourian, July 18, 2005
- "Urban returns help challenger", Kansas City Star, November 8, 2006
- http://www.kansascity.com/mld/kansascitystar/news/politics/15221409.htm. Retrieved August 8, 2006. Missing or empty
- Haberkorn, Jennifer (November 6, 2012). "Abortion, rape controversy shaped key races". Politico.
- Reese, Diana (September 28, 2012). "Is Sen. Claire McCaskill a moderate?". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
- "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate". National Journal. February 23, 2012. Archived from the original on October 7, 2013. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
- "McCaskill moving up the DC charts: Has backing Obama made her a star?". Primebuzz.kcstar.com. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- Von, David (January 31, 2008). "The Year of the Youth Vote – TIME". Time.com. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- "McCaskill scores opening-day DNC appearance – St. Louis Business Journal". Bizjournals.com. August 13, 2008. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
- Everett, Burgess (March 21, 2016). "Democrats to Sanders: Time to wind it down". Politico. Retrieved March 22, 2016.
- "Obama, McCaskill Introduce Bill to Evaluate Needs of Returning Service Members" (Press release). Senator Claire McCaskill : Missouri. May 2, 2007. Archived from the original on May 26, 2007. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
- "McCaskill Invokes Trumans's [sic] Name Demanding Accountability in War Spending" (Press release). Senator Claire McCaskill : Missouri. April 19, 2007. Archived from the original on April 25, 2007. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
- Brodsky, Robert, "Report of Defense audit scandal makes waves", GovernmentExecutive.com, July 28, 2008.
- "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
- "Senate Vote 281 – Repeals 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell'". The New York Times.
- "S. 1917 - Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- Ramsey Cox; Jeremy Herb (March 10, 2014). "Senate approves McCaskill sexual assault bill in 97–0 vote". The Hill. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 113th Congress – 2nd Session. U.S. Senate.
- Bruce Alpert & Jonathan Tilove, FEMA outrage shared, Times-Picayune, 2009 March 1, Metro Edition, p. A13.
- "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
- "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
- Stein, Sam (November 9, 2009). "McCaskill Opposes Adding Stupak Amendment To Senate Bill". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- "McCaskill Speaks About Ethics Complaint Against Her". CBS St. Louis. March 17, 2011. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
- Wong, Scott; Bresnahan, John (March 21, 2011). "Claire McCaskill to pay back taxes on plane". Politico. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
- "Senate Democrats elect Chuck Schumer as their new leader". CBS News. November 16, 2016. Retrieved November 19, 2016.
- "About The Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations". U.S. Senate Committee on Homeland Security & Governmental Affairs. Retrieved November 19, 2016.
- "Senate Leaders Announce Bipartisan Committee To Investigate Judge G. Thomas Porteous" (Press release). Senate Democratic Caucus. March 17, 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2010.
- "Congressional Record S6961, June 24, 2009". Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- "Nov 6, 2012 General Election". Missouri Secretary of State. Archived from the original on November 15, 2012.
- "McCaskill's Ex-Husband Slain In KCK", KMBC.com, December 13, 2005
- "Plenty Ladylike: A Memoir - Claire McCaskill - Google Books". Google Books. August 11, 2015. Retrieved August 11, 2015.
- Sen. Claire McCaskill Plays "Not My Job", NPR, October 3, 2009
- "McCaskill: Husband will stop seeking state aid for businesses" Archived January 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., KMOV.com, October 27, 2004
- "Claire McCaskill's Mother Passes Away". Livewire.talkingpointsmemo.com. October 29, 2012. Retrieved August 10, 2014.
- Harris, Ron; Rice, Patricia. "Burke Denied Communion to Lawmakers: Decree in Wisconsin Affects Catholic Supporters of Abortion Rights". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. January 9, 2004. p. B1. "Missouri Auditor Claire McCaskill, a Catholic convert who is challenging Gov. Bob Holden for the Democratic nomination for governor, is probably the state's most recognized Catholic in favor of abortion rights."
- Shesgreen, Deirdre (March 28, 2014). "McCaskill hopes to motivate young women". Springfield News-Leader. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
- "Sen. Claire McCaskill: 'I Have Breast Cancer'". NBC News. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Claire McCaskill.|
- Senator Claire McCaskill official U.S. Senate site
- Claire McCaskill for Senate
- Claire McCaskill at DMOZ
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|Auditor of Missouri
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2007
| Succeeded by|
|Democratic nominee for Governor of Missouri
| Succeeded by|
|United States Senate|
|Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Missouri
| U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Missouri
January 3, 2007 – present
Served alongside: Kit Bond, Roy Blunt
|Current seniority in the U.S. Senate
| Succeeded by|