Civita Castellana

Civita Castellana
Comune di Civita Castellana

Piazza Matteotti in Civita Castellana by night.

Coat of arms
Civita Castellana

Location of Civita Castellana in Italy

Coordinates: 42°17′N 12°24′E / 42.283°N 12.400°E / 42.283; 12.400Coordinates: 42°17′N 12°24′E / 42.283°N 12.400°E / 42.283; 12.400
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province / Metropolitan city Viterbo (VT)
Frazioni Borghetto, Pian Paradiso, Sassacci
  Mayor Gianluca Angelelli
  Total 83.28 km2 (32.15 sq mi)
Elevation 145 m (476 ft)
Population (2008)
  Total 16,722
  Density 200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Civitonici
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 01033
Dialing code 0761
Patron saint Sts. John and Marcianus
Saint day September 16
Website Official website

Civita Castellana is a town and comune in the province of Viterbo, 65 kilometres (40 mi) north of Rome.

The façade of the Cathedral of Civita Castellana.

Mount Soracte lies about 10 kilometres (6 mi) to the south-east.


Civita Castellana was settled during the Iron Age by the Italic people of the Falisci, who called it Falerii. After the Faliscan defeat against the Romans, a new city was built by the latter, about 5 kilometres (3 mi) away, and called Falerii Novi.

The abandoned city was repopulated beginning in the early Middle Ages, with the new name of Civita Castellana (roughly translated as "City of the Castle") mentioned first in 994. In the following centuries the city was a flourishing independent commune, often contended by the Pope and the Holy Roman Empire. Captured by Pope Paschal II at the beginning of the 12th century, the city was given as fief to the Savelli by Gregory XIV.

Sixtus IV assigned the city to Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia, the future Pope Alexander VI, who started the construction of the Rocca ("Castle"), which was completed under Julius II.

Civita Castellana became an important road hub with the connection to the Via Flaminia (1606) and the construction of Ponte Clementino after the French victory against a Neapolitan army in 1709.

Main sights

The town also contains the ruins of the Castle of Paterno, where, on 23 January 1002, Emperor Otto III died at the age of 22.

The National Museum of the Faliscan Countryside contains findings from the ancient Falerii and the surrounding areas.

Sources and references

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/27/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.