Ciriaco De Mita

The Honourable
Ciriaco De Mita
47th Prime Minister of Italy
In office
13 April 1988  22 July 1989
President Francesco Cossiga
Preceded by Giovanni Goria
Succeeded by Giulio Andreotti
Mayor of Nusco
Assumed office
26 May 2014
Preceded by Giuseppe De Mita
Minister responsible for extraordinary interventions in Southern Italy
In office
29 July 1976  20 March 1979
Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti
Preceded by Giulio Andreotti
(by delegation of functions)
Succeeded by Michele Di Giesi
Minister of Foreign Trade
In office
23 November 1974  29 July 1976
Prime Minister Aldo Moro
Preceded by Gianmatteo Matteotti
Succeeded by Rinaldo Ossola
Minister of Industry, Trade
and Manufacturing
In office
7 July 1973  23 November 1974
Prime Minister Mariano Rumor
Preceded by Mauro Ferri
Succeeded by Carlo Donat-Cattin
Undersecretary of the Interior Ministry
In office
14 December 1968  5 August 1969
Prime Minister Mariano Rumor
Preceded by Angelo Salizzoni
Succeeded by Ernesto Pucci
Personal details
Born (1928-02-02) 2 February 1928
Nusco, Campania, Italy
Nationality Italian
Political party Christian Democracy
Italian People's Party
The Daisy
Democratic Party
Union of Centre
Spouse(s) Anna Maria Scarinzi
Children 4
Residence Avellino, Campania
Alma mater Catholic University of Milan
Religion Roman Catholicism

Ciriaco Luigi De Mita (Italian pronunciation: [tʃiˈriːako luˈiːʤi de ˈmiːta]; born 2 February 1928) is an Italian politician. He served as the 47th Prime Minister of Italy from 1988 to 1989[1] and as Member of the European Parliament from 2009 to 2013.


Background and earlier career

De Mita was born in Nusco, in the Avellinese hinterland.

As a young man De Mita joined Christian Democracy and entered politics. He rose through the ranks of the party, becoming a member of its council in 1956, a member of Parliament in 1963 and a member of the Italian cabinet in 1973. During the next decade he served as Minister of Industry and then as Minister of Foreign Trade.

De Mita became chairman of the party in 1982 at a time when its power was declining. He was re-elected in 1986 with 60% support from the party.

Prime Minister of Italy

The Christian Democrats did well in the elections of 1987. De Mita waited a year to become Prime Minister, and then served as Prime Minister for a year, maintaining the party chairmanship. At the beginning of that service, on 16 April 1988, in Forlì, Red Brigades killed Senator Roberto Ruffilli, an advisor of De Mita.

In social policy, De Mita's time in office witnessed the passage of a law in May 1988 that introduced a new benefit for salaried workers called “benefit for the family nucleus” (assegno per il nucleo familiare”), with the amount varying depending on the number of family members and the family income of the previous year.[2]

Later political roles

De Mita returned in Parliament, after a lag of two years, in 1996 (and then re-elected in 2001 and 2006). He then joined the Italian People's Party and later Democracy is Freedom - The Daisy, party of which he is regional coordinator for Campania. He headed the Olive Tree's list in his region in 2006, and he participated in the transformation that coalition into a single party (the Democratic Party). Following an attempt by the chairmanship (presided by Walter Veltroni) at rejuvenating the ranks of the Democratic Party, De Mita was refused a place on the ballot for the 2008 general election, on the grounds that a total of 44 years and 9 months of active presence in the Italian Parliament was long enough and that more space was needed to be given to younger candidates. Offended by the decision, he left the party in retaliation, and joined the Union of the Centre. After the 2008 elections, De Mita was not elected at the Italian Senate, but he was nominated as the Campania coordinator of the party.

De Mita won a seat in the European Parliament in the June 2009 European election; at age 81, he was the oldest candidate to win a seat in that election.

On 25 May 2014 De Mita was elected as mayor of Nusco, his native town.


  1. Lentz, Harris M. (2014). Heads of States and Governments Since 1945. Routledge. pp. 446–447. ISBN 9781134264902. Retrieved 9 November 2014.
  2. European Observatory On Family Policies: National Family Polices In EC-Countries In 1990 by Wilfred Dumon in collaboration with Françoise Bartiaux, Tanja Nuelant, and experts from each of the member states
Political offices
Preceded by
Mauro Ferri
Italian Minister of Industry
Succeeded by
Carlo Donat-Cattin
Preceded by
Gianmatteo Matteotti
Italian Minister of Foreign Trade
Succeeded by
Rinaldo Ossola
Preceded by
Title jointly held
Italian Minister without portfolio
Succeeded by
Title jointly held
Preceded by
Giovanni Goria
Prime Minister of Italy
Succeeded by
Giulio Andreotti
Italian Chamber of Deputies
Preceded by
Title jointly held
Member of Parliament for Benevento (1963–1987 ; 1992–1994)
and for Ligury (1987–1992)

Succeeded by
Title jointly held
Preceded by
Ferdinando Schettino (Left)
Member of Parliament for Mirabella Eclano (1996–2006)
and for Salerno (2006–2008)

Succeeded by
Title jointly held
European Parliament
Preceded by
Title jointly held
Member of European Parliament for Southern Italy
Legislatures: V, VII

Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by
Flaminio Piccoli
Secretary of the Italian Christian Democracy
Succeeded by
Arnaldo Forlani
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