Christian I, Elector of Saxony

Christian I

Christian of Saxony as a prince, medal, 1574
Elector of Saxony
Reign 11 February 1586 25 September 1591
Predecessor Augustus I
Successor Christian II
Born (1560-10-29)29 October 1560
Died 25 September 1591(1591-09-25) (aged 30)
Spouse Sophie of Brandenburg
Issue Christian II, Elector of Saxony
John George I, Elector of Saxony
Sophie, Duchess of Pomerania
Prince Augustus
Dorothea, Abbess of Quedlinburg
House House of Wettin
Father Augustus I, Elector of Saxony
Mother Anna of Denmark
Religion Lutheranism

Christian I of Saxony (Dresden, 29 October 1560 Dresden, 25 September 1591) was Elector of Saxony from 1586 to 1591. He belonged to the Albertine line of the House of Wettin.

He was the sixth but second surviving son of Elector Augustus of Saxony and Anna of Denmark. The death of his older brother, Alexander (8 October 1565), made him the new heir apparent to the Electorate of Saxony.

Christian succeeded his father when he died, in 1586. His chancellor was Nikolaus Krell. During his reign, the first measurement was made of the Electorate of Saxony by Matthias Oeder. Later, the work of Oeder was continued by Balthasar Zimmermann until 1633 and completed as far as possible.


In Dresden on 25 April 1582, Christian married Sophie, daughter of John George, Elector of Brandenburg. They had seven children:

  1. Christian II (b. Dresden, 23 September 1583 – d. Dresden, 23 June 1611), successor of his father as Elector.
  2. John George I (b. Dresden, 5 March 1585 – d. Dresden, 8 October 1656), successor of his brother as Elector.
  3. Anna Sabine (b. Dresden, 25 January 1586 – d. Dresden, 24 March 1586).
  4. Sophie (b. Dresden, 29 April 1587 – d. Stettin, 9 December 1635), married on 26 August 1610 to Duke Francis I of Pomerania.
  5. Elisabeth (b. Dresden, 21 July 1588 – d. Dresden, 4 March 1589).
  6. Augustus (b. Dresden, 7 September 1589 – d. Naumburg, 26 December 1615), married on 1 January 1612 to Elisabeth of Brünswick-Wolfenbüttel. This marriage was childless.
  7. Dorothea (b. Dresden, 7 January 1591 – d. Quedlinburg, 17 November 1617), Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg (1610).




Christian I, Elector of Saxony
Born: 29 October 1560 Died: 25 September 1591
Preceded by
Elector of Saxony
Succeeded by
Christian II
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