Choco languages

Not to be confused with Xocó language.
Colombia & Panama
Linguistic classification: One of the world's primary language families
  • Emberá
  • Waunana
Glottolog: choc1280[1]
Poet and politician Eduardo Cote Lamus on his journey in Rio San Juan (Choco, Colombia) in 1958 with some of the people speaking Choco languages

The Choco languages (also Chocoan, Chocó, Chokó) are a small family of Native American languages spread across Colombia and Panama.

Family division

Choco consists of half a dozen known languages, all but two of them extinct.

Anserma, Arma, and Sinúfana are extinct.

The Emberá group consists of two languages mainly in Colombia with over 60,000 speakers that lie within a fairly mutually intelligible dialect continuum. Ethnologue divides this into 6 languages. Kaufman (1994) considers the term Cholo to be vague and condescending. Noanamá has some 6,000 speakers on the Panama-Colombia border.

Genetic relations

Choco has been included in a number of hypothetical phylum relationships:

See also


  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Chocoan". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.


External links

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