Chinese Academy of Sciences

This article is about the institution in Chinese mainland. For the institution in Taiwan, see Academia Sinica.
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Agency overview
Formed 1949
Headquarters Beijing
Agency executive
Parent agency State Council of China
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Simplified Chinese 中国科学院
Traditional Chinese 中國科學院

The Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS; Chinese: 中国科学院), with historical origins in the Academia Sinica during the Republic of China era, is the national academy for the natural sciences of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Collectively known as the "Two Academies (两院)" along with the Chinese Academy of Engineering, it is an institution of China, functioning as the national scientific think tank and academic governing body, providing advisory and appraisal services on issues stemming from the national economy, social development, and science and technology progress. It is headquartered in Beijing, with branch institutes all over mainland China. It has also created hundreds of commercial enterprises, with Lenovo being one of the most famous.

The Academy has around 68,000 employees and includes 104 institutions.[1]


The Chinese Academy has its roots from Academia Sinica, founded in 1928 by the Guomindang Nationalist Government. After the Communist Party took control of mainland China, Academia Sinica was renamed Chinese Academy of Sciences. The Chinese Academy of Sciences has six academic divisions:

The CAS has thirteen regional branches in Beijing, Shenyang, Changchun, Shanghai, Nanjing, Wuhan, Guangzhou, Chengdu, Kunming, Xi'an, Lanzhou, Hefei and Xinjiang. It has over one hundred institutes and two universities (the University of Science and Technology of China at Hefei, Anhui and the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing). Backed by the institutes of CAS, UCAS is headquartered in Beijing, with graduate education bases in Shanghai, Chengdu, Wuhan, Guangzhou and Lanzhou, four Science Libraries of Chinese Academy of Sciences, three technology support centers and two news and publishing units. These CAS branches and offices are located in 20 provinces and municipalities throughout China. CAS has invested in or created over 430 science- and technology-based enterprises in eleven industries including eight companies listed on stock exchanges.

Being granted a Fellowship of the Academy represents the highest level of national honor for Chinese scientists. The CAS membership system includes Academicians (院士), Emeritus Academician (荣誉院士) and Foreign Academicians (外籍院士).

Research Reputation and Ranking

Based on the number of papers published in Nature and/or other research journals published by the Nature Publishing Group (NPG), the Chinese Academy of Science has ranked 1st among research institutions in the world according to the Nature Publishing Index elaborated by NPG in 2014[2] and 2015.[3]

List of presidents

  1. Guo Moruo (郭沫若): 1949–1978
  2. Fang Yi (方毅): 1979–1981
  3. Lu Jiaxi (卢嘉锡): 1981–1987
  4. Zhou Guangzhao (周光召): 1987–1997
  5. Lu Yongxiang (路甬祥): 1997–2011
  6. Bai Chunli (白春礼): 2011–incumbent

Research Institutes

[lower-alpha 1]

Scientific integrity

On 26 February 2007, the CAS published a Declaration of Scientific Ideology and set up a commission for scientific integrity to promote transparency, autonomy and accountability of scientific research in the country. The Ministry of Science and Technology had at the same time also initiated measures to address misconduct in state-funded programs.[4]


Science China  
Language English

Together with the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the academy publishes the peer-reviewed academic journal, Science China (also known as Science in China). Science China comprises seven series:[5]


Since 1999 the CAS has issued the annual State Preeminent Science and Technology Award, presented by the President of China to the recipient.[6]

See also


  1. Not an exhaustive list.


  1. "Schrödinger's panda". The Economist. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2016-06-11.
  2. "Nature Global Institutions Ranking, 2013-2014".
  3. "Nature Global Institutions Ranking, 2016 tables".
  4. Reforming research in China The Lancet, Volume 369, Number 9565, 17 March 2007
  5. "Science in China Press". Retrieved 2013. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  6. "China in Brief – Science and Technology – Awards". China Internet Information Center (State Council Information Office and the China International Publishing Group). Retrieved 21 November 2012.
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