China Post

This article is about the state-owned enterprise of Government of China which provides the postal service in mainland China. For the Chinese government agency which regulates this enterprise, see State Post Bureau. For the Taiwanese newspaper, see The China Post. For the entity which provides the postal service in Taiwan area of the Republic of China (Taiwan), see Chunghwa Post.
China Post Group Corporation
state-owned enterprise
Industry Courier
Founded 1997
Founder Government of China
Headquarters Jia8, Beilishi Road,
Xicheng District,
Beijing, China
Area served
Mainland China[1]
Key people
Ma Junsheng, Director-General As of 31 October 2008[2]
Services Letter post, parcel service, EMS, delivery, freight forwarding, third-party logistics, deposit accounts
Revenue US$ 28.093 billion (2011)
US$ 1.306 billion (2011)
Owner People's Republic of China
Number of employees
860,200 (2011)
Parent State Council via the Ministry of Finance
Subsidiaries Airlines
Philatelic Corporation
Post Mart
China Post Group Corporation
Simplified Chinese 中国邮政集团公司
Traditional Chinese 中國郵政集團公司
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese
Literal meaning China Post

China Post, full name China Post Group Corporation, is the state-owned enterprise operating the official postal service of China, which provides the service in mainland China, excluding its special administrative region, Hong Kong and Macau, which have their own postal service independent to mainland's. The Corporation officially shares its office with the sub-ministry-level government agency State Post Bureau which regulates the national postal industry theoretically including the Corporation.


The postal service in China can be dated back to the Shang Dynasty. The Customs Post Office of the Qing Empire was established in 1878 by Robert Hart[3] at the suggestion of the foreign powers, with branch offices in five major trading cities. On 20 March 1896, the Customs Post Office became the Great Qing Post, which in 1911 became independent of the customs service. The Great Qing Post became the Chunghwa Post in 1912. Chunghwa postal service had signed a contract with the China Airways Federal group in 1929 to transport airmail on the Shanghai-Hankow, Nanjing-Beijing, and Hankow-Guangzhou routes.[4][5] Chunghwa Post had functioned as the main postal service provider of Mainland China until 1949.

The current postal service of People's Republic of China was established in 1949. It replaced the Chunghwa Post in mainland China in 1949, as well as in the Universal Postal Union in 1972. It was formerly administered by the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications. China Post is directly supervised by the State Post Bureau of the PRC which has overall responsibility for regulating postal service in China. The State Post Bureau is an agency reporting to the Ministry of Information Industry of the People's Republic of China.

Organizational structure

A China Post postbox in Shanghai

China Post is organized along the following organizational structure.[6]

# Department Description
1 General Office Responsible for the new postal research strategies and policies, coordination, media and publicity, feedback, complaints and safety and security issues.
2 Department of Postal Sector Management Responsible for the regulation of postal market and the formulation of postal laws and regulations.
3 Department of Postage Stamps Responsible for the issue of postage vouchers and philatelic services.
4 Department of Planning and Finance Responsible for the finance, state-owned assets and the development of postal technologies.
5 Department of Public Service Responsible for postal service quality.
6 Department of Post Routes Operation Responsible for the construction and operation of post routes and logistic issues.
7 Department of International Cooperation Responsible for the management of international postal affairs and services.
8 Department of Personnel and Education Responsible for the personnel, income payment and human resources education in the postal sector.


A mail truck
A postal car towing trailers with mail, at a train station
China Post logo with (New) Tai Lü script in Mohan, Yunnan

See also


  1. "Local Postal Administrations and Their Main Functions". State Post Bureau. October 31, 2008.
  2. "Top Officials of the State Post Bureau". State Post Bureau. October 31, 2008.
  3. "Robert Hart: a man of two worlds". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  6. "State Post Bureau". PRC Government Website. Retrieved September 2, 2007.
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