Charles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton

His Grace
The Duke of Bolton

Arms of Paulet: Sable, three swords pilewise points in base proper pomels and hilts or
9th Custos Rotulorum of Hampshire
In office
Monarch Charles II
Prime Minister
Preceded by The Earl of Northumberland
Succeeded by The Lord Annesley
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
In office
20 December 1667  1675
Monarch Charles II
Prime Minister
  • Sir Orlando Bridegman, 1st Bt (as Lord Keeper) (until 1672)
  • The Earl of Shaftesbury (1672-1673)
  • The Earl of Nottingham (from 1673)
Preceded by The Earl of Southampton
Succeeded by The Earl of Gainsborough
In office
4 April 1689  27 February 1699
Monarch William III and Mary II (until 1694)
Prime Minister
Preceded by The Duke of Berwick
Succeeded by The 2nd Duke of Bolton
Member of Parliament for Winchester
In office
Serving with John Hooke
Monarch Charles II
Prime Minister
Preceded by Thomas Cole
Succeeded by Lawrence Hyde
Constituency Winchester
Member of Parliament for Hampshire
In office
Serving with Sir John Norton, 3rd Baronet
Monarch Charles II
Prime Minister
Preceded by Richard Norton
Succeeded by Sir Francis Rolle
Constituency Hampshire
Personal details
Born Charles Paulet
c. 1630
Died 27 February 1699(1699-02-27) (aged 68–69)
Amport, Hampshire
Resting place St Mary's Church, Basing, Hampshire
51°16′17″N 1°02′48″W / 51.27139°N 1.04667°W / 51.27139; -1.04667
Nationality English
Spouse(s) Christian Frescheville
Mary le Scrope
Children Jane Paulet
Mary Paulet
Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton
William Paulet
Parents John Paulet, 5th Marquess of Winchester (father)
Jane Savage (mother)
The 1st Duke of Bolton
Title 1st Duke of Bolton
Tenure 1689-1699
Other titles 6th Marquess of Winchester
6th Earl of Wiltshire
6th Baron St John
Predecessor John Paulet, 5th Marquess of Winchester
Successor Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton

Charles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton PC JP (c. 1630[1] 27 February 1699), was an English nobleman, the son of John Paulet, 5th Marquess of Winchester and his first wife, Jane Savage.[2]


Paulet succeeded his father as the sixth Marquess of Winchester in 1675. He was MP for Winchester in 1660 and then for Hampshire from 1661 to 5 March 1675.[1] Before his succession to the Marquessate he was styled Lord St John.[2]

He held the following offices:[1]

Having supported the claim of William and Mary to the English throne in 1688, he was restored to the Privy Council and to the office of Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire, and was created Duke of Bolton on 9 April 1689.[2] He built Bolton Hall, North Yorkshire in 1678.[3]

An eccentric man, hostile to Lord Halifax and afterwards to the Duke of Marlborough, he is said to have travelled during 1687 with four coaches and 100 horsemen, sleeping during the day and giving entertainments at night. His adherence in adult life to the Church of England has been described as a great blow to the Roman Catholic community: his father had openly professed the Catholic faith, and used his wealth and influence to protect the Catholics of Hampshire.

Marriage and issue

Charles Paulet married twice:

First marriage

He married as his first wife, 28 February 1652, Christian (13 December 1633 – 22 May 1653), daughter of John Frescheville, 1st Baron Frescheville of Staveley, Derbyshire and Sarah Harrington, and by her had a son:[2]

Christian, Lady St. John, died 22 May 1653 in childbirth and was buried with her infant at Staveley, Derbyshire.[2]

Second marriage

He married as his second wife, 12 February 1655, at St. Dionis Backchurch, London, Mary (died 1 November 1680), the illegitimate daughter of Emanuel Scrope, 1st Earl of Sunderland, widow of Henry Carey, Lord Leppington, and by her had issue:[1][4][5]

Mary, Lady Paulet died 1 Nov 1680, at Moulins, Allier, France, and was buried, 12 Nov 1680, at Wensley, Yorkshire.[6]


Charles Paulet died suddenly at Amport on 27 February 1699, aged 68, and was buried 23 March at Basing Hampshire.[1][6]


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Helms 1983.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Cokayne II 1912, p. 210.
  3. "Bolton Hall, Preston-under-Scar". Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  4. Cokayne II 1912, pp. 210-211.
  5. "Charles Powlett, Duke of Bolton". Family Search: Community Trees. British Isles. Peerage, Baronetage, and Landed Gentry families with extended lineage. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  6. 1 2 Cokayne II 1912, p. 211.


Parliament of England
Preceded by
John Hooke
Thomas Cole
Member of Parliament for Winchester
with John Hooke

Succeeded by
Richard Goddard
Lawrence Hyde
Preceded by
Richard Norton
John Bulkeley
Member of Parliament for Hampshire
with Sir John Norton, Bt

Succeeded by
Sir Francis Rolle
Sir John Norton, Bt
Military offices
Regiment raised Colonel of The Duke of Bolton's Regiment of Foot
Regiment disbanded
Colonel of Henry Holt's Regiment of Foot
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Southampton
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
Succeeded by
Edward Noel
Preceded by
The Earl of Northumberland
Custos Rotulorum of Hampshire
Succeeded by
Lord Annesley
Preceded by
The Duke of Berwick
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
Succeeded by
The Duke of Bolton
Peerage of England
New title Duke of Bolton
Succeeded by
Charles Paulet
Preceded by
John Paulet
Marquess of Winchester
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