|Charles Frédéric Mewès|
Portrait of Charles Frédéric Mewès, c. 1906
1858 or 1860|
|Alma mater||École des Beaux-Arts|
|Practice||Mewes & Davis|
Hôtel Ritz Paris|
Carlton Hotel, London
Royal Automobile Club
Ocean Liner Amerika|
Ocean Liner Vaterland
Ocean liner RMS Aquitania
Born in Alsace, Charles Frédéric Mewès (1858 or 1860-1914) grew up a Parisian after his family fled the Prussian invasion of 1870. RIBA Journal described him as "essentially a big man, both mentally and physically. He was a magnetic personality with a compelling influence tempered by a humorous and tolerant outlook on life". He trained under Jean-Louis Pascal at the École des Beaux-Arts and throughout his career, eschewed Art Nouveau and the Modern style for an elegant, meticulous recall of eighteenth-century France: the logical, spatial symmetry of Louis XVI recurs continuously.
Mewès's hotels, steamer interiors, clubs, and private residences suited the Edwardians' opulent taste. He designed Ritz Hotels in Paris (1898), London (1905-1906), and Madrid (1908-1910); the London Ritz was one of Britain's earliest steel-framed buildings. Subsequently, he undertook the design of Pall Mall's largest club, the Royal Automobile Club (1910) which featured a "Pompeiian" swimming bath adapted from the earlier l'Etablissement Hydrominéral (1899-1900) at Contréxeville. His first maritime interior, the Hamburg-Amerika Line's SS Amerika was completed in 1905; the company so admired it that Mewès became their resident designer. On three German ships he incorporated a Pompeiian pool, although not on his last vessel, Cunard's Aquitania (1914).
Although Mewès only spoke French, he opened firms in both London and Cologne, Germany, with Arthur Joseph Davis,who had been his classmate at the École des Beaux-Arts, and with the Swiss Alphonse Bischoff.
A brilliant and cultured man, Charles Mewès owned a refined library, especially in the design field. In October 1947 the journal of the Royal Institute of British Architects described him as "The true type of the French intellectual of good stock". He designed many admired buildings, including the colossal Château Rochefort-en-Yvelines, the Jules Ferry residence and his own residence at 36 Boulevard des Invalides in Paris. He himself became a teacher and taught many students from all over the world.
Charles Mewès bought the small castle of Scharrachbergheim in Alsace, where he spent much time with his three children after the death of his wife in 1896. He died in 1914.
- Hôtel Ritz Paris, 15 Place Vendôme (1897–1898) : transformation of the Hotel de Gramont for César Ritz, the first hotel in the world to have a bathroom for each room thanks to his invention of ventilation courtyards.
- Carlton Hotel, London (1899), the first institution in London combining the use of stone and steel.
- Ritz Hotel, 150 Piccadilly (London) for César Ritz (1904–1905): Mewès attempted to realise a unity of style, dominated by references to the Louis XVI style.
- Hotel Ritz Madrid (1910), in association with the Spanish architect Luis de Landecho.
- Hotel Maria Cristina in San Sebastián (Spain) (1912).
- Château Rochefort-en-Yvelines (Yvelines) built between 1896 and 1904 for Jules Porges, inspired by the Hotel de Salm (Palais de la Légion d'honneur), but of double proportions. This grandiose project was not completed.
- Hotel Rodolphe Kann, 51 Avenue d'Iena (Paris): transformation for Calouste Gulbenkian of a building constructed by Ernest Sanson, in association with Emmanuel Pontremoli.
- Luton Hoo (Bedfordshire, England) for Sir Julius Wernher, associate of Jules Porges: complete redevelopment, addition of attic, grand staircase, interior decor (1903–05).
- Polesden Lacey (Surrey, England): extension built for the Hon. Mrs Ronald Greville to create an apartment intended to receive King Edward VII (1906).
- Coombe Court, renovation for Constance Gladys, Countess de Grey.
Ships and other
- Royal Automobile Club on Pall Mall in London (1908–1911).
- Ocean liner Amerika (1905-1906), interiors: first Ritz restaurant at sea.
- Ocean liner Imperator (1913), interiors: remarkable for the use of marble in abundance, particularly for the swimming pool and for the first class dining room.
- Ocean liner Vaterland (1914), interiors: in this ship Mewès was the first to divide the shafts of the funnels to provide a complete vista of the central public rooms from one end of the ship to the other.
- Ocean liner RMS Aquitania (1914), interiors.
- Ocean liner SS Kaiserin Auguste Victoria.
- L'Etablissement Hydrominéral (1899-1900) at Contrexéville (Vosges).
- Aslet, Clive. 1986 May 29. "Putting back the Ritz: The Ritz Hotel, Madrid." Country Life, v.179, no.4632, p. 1504-1506, photographs.
- Binney, Marcus (2006). The Ritz Hotel, London. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-51279-1.
- Binney, Marcus. 2004 June 24. "The Royal Automobile Club, Pall Mall." Country Life, v.198, n.26, p. 118-123, photographs.
- Binney, Marcus. 2004 Mar.18. "Art and sol [The Ritz Hotel, Madrid]." Country Life,v.198, n.12, suppl.(Country Life Travel), p. 46-47, photographs, portraits.
- "The Creator of the Modern Luxury hotel: Charles Mewès, Architect, 1860-1914." 1947. Journal of the Royal Institute of British Architects 54:603-604.
- Fleetwood-Hesketh, Peter. 1971. "The Royal Automobile Club." Country Life, 150:966-969.
- Ford, George Burdett. 1907. "The Ritz Hotel, London." Architectural Review, 14:137-148.
- Hamlin, Talbot. 1953. Architecture through the ages. New York: Putnam.
- Lees, Frederic. 1914. "Two Metropolitan London Hotels, the Ritz and the Waldorf." Architectural Record, 36:462-474.
- Maxtone-Graham, John. 1972. The only way to cross. New York: Macmillan.
- Ramsey, Stanley C. 1915. "London Clubs-XI: The Cavalry Club." Architectural Review, 37:56-58.
- "Some recent English domestic architecture." 1914 Sept. Architectural Review. v. 36, p. -53, pl. 3-5; 1918, v. 43, p. 10-18, illustrations, plans, 3 plates. The work of the following architects is illustrated: Oswald P. Milne, Gotch and Saunders, C.H.B. Quennell, C.R. Ashbee, Mills and Shepherd, and Mewès and Davis.